Aliases for MCM7 Gene
External Ids for MCM7 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for MCM7 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MCM7 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is one of the highly conserved mini-chromosome maintenance proteins (MCM) that are essential for the initiation of eukaryotic genome replication. The hexameric protein complex formed by the MCM proteins is a key component of the pre-replication complex (pre_RC) and may be involved in the formation of replication forks and in the recruitment of other DNA replication related proteins. The MCM complex consisting of this protein and MCM2, 4 and 6 proteins possesses DNA helicase activity, and may act as a DNA unwinding enzyme. Cyclin D1-dependent kinase, CDK4, is found to associate with this protein, and may regulate the binding of this protein with the tumorsuppressor protein RB1/RB. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms have been reported. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for MCM7 Gene
MCM7 (Minichromosome Maintenance Complex Component 7) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MCM7 include Follicular Adenoma and Retinoblastoma. Among its related pathways are Cell Cycle, Mitotic and CDK-mediated phosphorylation and removal of Cdc6. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include ATPase activity and ATP-dependent DNA helicase activity. An important paralog of this gene is MCM4.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for MCM7 Gene
Acts as component of the MCM2-7 complex (MCM complex) which is the putative replicative helicase essential for 'once per cell cycle' DNA replication initiation and elongation in eukaryotic cells. The active ATPase sites in the MCM2-7 ring are formed through the interaction surfaces of two neighboring subunits such that a critical structure of a conserved arginine finger motif is provided in trans relative to the ATP-binding site of the Walker A box of the adjacent subunit. The six ATPase active sites, however, are likely to contribute differentially to the complex helicase activity. Required for S-phase checkpoint activation upon UV-induced damage.