Aliases for MBTPS1 Gene
External Ids for MBTPS1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MBTPS1 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the subtilisin-like proprotein convertase family, which includes proteases that process protein and peptide precursors trafficking through regulated or constitutive branches of the secretory pathway. The encoded protein undergoes an initial autocatalytic processing event in the ER to generate a heterodimer which exits the ER and sorts to the cis/medial-Golgi where a second autocatalytic event takes place and the catalytic activity is acquired. It encodes a type 1 membrane bound protease which is ubiquitously expressed and regulates cholesterol or lipid homeostasis via cleavage of substrates at non-basic residues. Mutations in this gene may be associated with lysosomal dysfunction. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2014]
GeneCards Summary for MBTPS1 Gene
MBTPS1 (Membrane Bound Transcription Factor Peptidase, Site 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MBTPS1 include Spondyloepiphyseal Dysplasia, Kondo-Fu Type and Crimean-Congo Hemorrhagic Fever. Among its related pathways are Unfolded Protein Response (UPR) and Lipoprotein metabolism. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include serine-type endopeptidase activity and endopeptidase activity. An important paralog of this gene is TPP2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for MBTPS1 Gene
Serine protease that cleaves after hydrophobic or small residues, provided that Arg or Lys is in position P4: known substrates are SREBF1/SREBP1, SREBF2/SREBP2, BDNF, GNPTAB, ATF6 and ATF6B (PubMed:10644685, PubMed:12782636, PubMed:21719679). Cleaves substrates after Arg-Ser-Val-Leu (SREBP2), Arg-His-Leu-Leu (ATF6), Arg-Gly-Leu-Thr (BDNF) and its own propeptide after Arg-Arg-Leu-Leu (PubMed:10644685, PubMed:21719679). Catalyzes the first step in the proteolytic activation of the sterol regulatory element-binding proteins (SREBPs) SREBF1/SREBP1 and SREBF2/SREBP2 (PubMed:12782636). Also mediates the first step in the proteolytic activation of the cyclic AMP-dependent transcription factor ATF-6 (ATF6 and ATF6B) (PubMed:12782636). Mediates the protein cleavage of GNPTAB into subunit alpha and beta, thereby participating in biogenesis of lysosomes (PubMed:21719679). Involved in the regulation of M6P-dependent Golgi-to-lysosome trafficking of lysosomal enzymes (PubMed:21719679, PubMed:30046013). It is required for the activation of CREB3L2/BBF2H7, a transcriptional activator of MIA3/TANGO and other genes controlling mega vesicle formation (PubMed:30046013). Therefore, it plays a key role in the regulation of mega vesicle-mediated collagen trafficking (PubMed:30046013).