Aliases for MAPK7 Gene
External Ids for MAPK7 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for MAPK7 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MAPK7 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is a member of the MAP kinase family. MAP kinases act as an integration point for multiple biochemical signals, and are involved in a wide variety of cellular processes such as proliferation, differentiation, transcription regulation and development. This kinase is specifically activated by mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase 5 (MAP2K5/MEK5). It is involved in the downstream signaling processes of various receptor molecules including receptor type kinases, and G protein-coupled receptors. In response to extracelluar signals, this kinase translocates to cell nucleus, where it regulates gene expression by phosphorylating, and activating different transcription factors. Four alternatively spliced transcript variants of this gene encoding two distinct isoforms have been reported. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for MAPK7 Gene
MAPK7 (Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase 7) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MAPK7 include Scoliosis, Isolated 1 and Caroli Disease. Among its related pathways are Focal Adhesion and Melanocyte Development and Pigmentation. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include transferase activity, transferring phosphorus-containing groups and protein tyrosine kinase activity. An important paralog of this gene is MAPK3.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for MAPK7 Gene
Plays a role in various cellular processes such as proliferation, differentiation and cell survival. The upstream activator of MAPK7 is the MAPK kinase MAP2K5. Upon activation, it translocates to the nucleus and phosphorylates various downstream targets including MEF2C. EGF activates MAPK7 through a Ras-independent and MAP2K5-dependent pathway. May have a role in muscle cell differentiation. May be important for endothelial function and maintenance of blood vessel integrity. MAP2K5 and MAPK7 interact specifically with one another and not with MEK1/ERK1 or MEK2/ERK2 pathways. Phosphorylates SGK1 at Ser-78 and this is required for growth factor-induced cell cycle progression. Involved in the regulation of p53/TP53 by disrupting the PML-MDM2 interaction.
Extracellular signal-regulated kinases are a group of mitogen-activated protein kinases (MAPK) that mediate intracellular signaling. ERK1 and ERK2 (MAPK3 and MAPK1) transduce signals from growth factors and phorbol esters. They are expressed in all tissues, at varying levels.