Aliases for MALT1 Gene
External Ids for MALT1 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for MALT1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MALT1 Gene
This gene encodes a caspase-like protease that plays a role in BCL10-induced activation of NF-kappaB. The protein is a component of the CARMA1-BCL10-MALT1 (CBM) signalosome that triggers NF-kappaB signaling and lymphoctye activation following antigen-receptor stimulation. Mutations in this gene result in immunodeficiency 12 (IMD12). This gene has been found to be recurrently rearranged in chromosomal translocations with other genes in mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphomas, including a t(11;18)(q21;q21) translocation with the baculoviral IAP repeat-containing protein 3 (also known as apoptosis inhibitor 2) locus [BIRC3(API2)-MALT1], and a t(14;18)(q32;q21) translocation with the immunoglobulin heavy chain locus (IGH-MALT1). Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been described for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, May 2018]
GeneCards Summary for MALT1 Gene
MALT1 (MALT1 Paracaspase) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MALT1 include Immunodeficiency 12 and Lymphoma, Mucosa-Associated Lymphoid Type. Among its related pathways are TCR signaling (REACTOME) and CLEC7A (Dectin-1) signaling. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include ubiquitin-protein transferase activity and peptidase activity.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for MALT1 Gene
Enhances BCL10-induced activation of NF-kappa-B. Involved in nuclear export of BCL10. Binds to TRAF6, inducing TRAF6 oligomerization and activation of its ligase activity. Has ubiquitin ligase activity. MALT1-dependent BCL10 cleavage plays an important role in T-cell antigen receptor-induced integrin adhesion. Involved in the induction of T helper 17 cells (Th17) differentiation. Cleaves RC3H1 and ZC3H12A in response to T-cell receptor (TCR) stimulation which releases their cooperatively repressed targets to promote Th17 cell differentiation (By similarity).
Aminopeptidases catalyze the removal of amino acids from the amino terminus of proteins and peptides. They express different substrate specificities - for example, leucyl aminopeptidase preferentially cleaves leucine residues.