Aliases for MAG Gene
External Ids for MAG Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for MAG Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for MAG Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is a type I membrane protein and member of the immunoglobulin superfamily. It is thought to be involved in the process of myelination. It is a lectin that binds to sialylated glycoconjugates and mediates certain myelin-neuron cell-cell interactions. Three alternatively spliced transcripts encoding different isoforms have been described for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2010]
GeneCards Summary for MAG Gene
MAG (Myelin Associated Glycoprotein) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with MAG include Spastic Paraplegia 75, Autosomal Recessive and Polyneuropathy. Among its related pathways are Neuroscience and Guidance Cues and Growth Cone Motility. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include carbohydrate binding. An important paralog of this gene is SIGLEC11.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for MAG Gene
Adhesion molecule that mediates interactions between myelinating cells and neurons by binding to neuronal sialic acid-containing gangliosides and to the glycoproteins RTN4R and RTN4RL2 (By similarity). Not required for initial myelination, but seems to play a role in the maintenance of normal axon myelination. Protects motoneurons against apoptosis, also after injury; protection against apoptosis is probably mediated via interaction with neuronal RTN4R and RTN4RL2. Required to prevent degeneration of myelinated axons in adults; this probably depends on binding to gangliosides on the axon cell membrane (By similarity). Negative regulator of neurite outgrowth; in dorsal root ganglion neurons the inhibition is mediated primarily via binding to neuronal RTN4R or RTN4RL2 and to a lesser degree via binding to neuronal gangliosides. In cerebellar granule cells the inhibition is mediated primarily via binding to neuronal gangliosides. In sensory neurons, inhibition of neurite extension depends only partially on RTN4R, RTN4RL2 and gangliosides. Inhibits axon longitudinal growth (By similarity). Inhibits axon outgrowth by binding to RTN4R (By similarity). Preferentially binds to alpha-2,3-linked sialic acid. Binds ganglioside Gt1b (By similarity).