Aliases for LYNX1 Gene
External Ids for LYNX1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for LYNX1 Gene
This gene encodes a GPI-anchored, cell membrane bound member of the Ly6/uPAR (LU) superfamily of proteins containing the unique three-finger LU domain. This protein interacts with nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs), and is thought to function as a modulator of nAChR activity to prevent excessive excitation. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been found for this gene. Read-through transcription between this gene and the neighboring downstream gene (SLURP2) generates naturally-occurring transcripts (LYNX1-SLURP2) that encode a fusion protein comprised of sequence sharing identity with each individual gene product. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2017]
GeneCards Summary for LYNX1 Gene
LYNX1 (Ly6/Neurotoxin 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with LYNX1 include Psoriasis.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for LYNX1 Gene
Acts in different tissues through interaction to nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) (PubMed:21252236). The proposed role as modulator of nAChR activity seems to be dependent on the nAChR subtype and stoichiometry, and to involve an effect on nAChR trafficking and its cell surface expression, and on single channel properties of the nAChR inserted in the plasma membrane. Modulates functional properties of nicotinic acetylcholine receptors (nAChRs) to prevent excessive excitation, and hence neurodegeneration. Enhances desensitization by increasing both the rate and extent of desensitization of alpha-4:beta-2-containing nAChRs and slowing recovery from desensitization. Promotes large amplitude ACh-evoked currents through alpha-4:beta-2 nAChRs. Is involved in regulation of the nAChR pentameric assembly in the endoplasmic reticulum. Shifts stoichiometry from high sensitivity alpha-4(2):beta-2(3) to low sensitivity alpha-4(3):beta-2(2) nAChR (By similarity). In vitro modulates alpha-3:beta-4-containing nAChRs. Reduces cell surface expression of (alpha-3:beta-4)(2):beta-4 and (alpha-3:beta-4)(2):alpha-5 nAChRs suggesting an interaction with nAChR alpha-3(-):(+)beta-4 subunit interfaces and an allosteric mode. Corresponding single channel effects characterized by decreased unitary conductance, altered burst proportions and enhanced desensitization/inactivation seem to depend on nAChR alpha:alpha subunit interfaces and are greater in (alpha-3:beta-2)(2):alpha-3 when compared to (alpha-3:beta-2)(2):alpha-5 nAChRs (PubMed:28100642). Prevents plasticity in the primary visual cortex late in life (By similarity).