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Aliases for LXN Gene

Aliases for LXN Gene

  • Latexin 2 3 3 5
  • Endogenous Carboxypeptidase Inhibitor 3 4
  • Tissue Carboxypeptidase Inhibitor 3 4
  • ECI 3 4
  • TCI 3 4
  • Protein MUM 4
  • MUM 3

External Ids for LXN Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for LXN Gene

  • GC03M155644
  • GC03M159331
  • GC03M159645
  • GC03M159705
  • GC03M159866
  • GC03M158366
  • GC03M155780

Summaries for LXN Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for LXN Gene

  • This gene encodes the only known protein inhibitor of zinc-dependent metallocarboxypeptidases. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2008]

GeneCards Summary for LXN Gene

LXN (Latexin) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with LXN include Endocervicitis and Listeriosis. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include heparin binding and metalloendopeptidase inhibitor activity. An important paralog of this gene is RARRES1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for LXN Gene

  • Hardly reversible, non-competitive, and potent inhibitor of CPA1, CPA2 and CPA4. May play a role in inflammation.

Additional gene information for LXN Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for LXN Gene

Genomics for LXN Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for LXN Gene

Promoters and enhancers for LXN Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH03I158669 Promoter/Enhancer 1.9 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 555.9 +1.0 968 3.6 HDGF PKNOX1 SMAD1 RB1 SIN3A ZNF2 RAD21 RFX5 ZNF335 GLIS2 LXN GFM1 MLF1 ENSG00000240207
GH03I158709 Enhancer 1.4 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 16.6 -39.0 -39043 5.3 JUN MAX BATF ZIC2 FOSL1 ZNF316 FOXK2 POLR2A FOSL2 FOS ENSG00000240207 GFM1 MLF1 LXN MFSD1 RARRES1 ENSG00000272247 PIR52872 ENSG00000272440
GH03I158109 Promoter/Enhancer 2.1 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 10.2 +562.3 562321 1.8 FEZF1 DMAP1 YY1 SLC30A9 E2F8 ZNF143 SP3 ZNF610 GLIS1 RCOR2 RSRC1 CCNL1 LXN SHOX2 GC03M158221
GH03I158715 Enhancer 1.7 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 11 -49.5 -49458 12.8 PKNOX1 ARNT NEUROD1 SIN3A FEZF1 YY1 ZNF213 E2F8 ZNF143 ZNF548 ENSG00000240207 GFM1 MLF1 LXN MFSD1 ENSG00000272247 PIR52872 RARRES1
GH03I158791 Enhancer 1.2 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 11.4 -118.7 -118669 0.7 ATF1 ARID4B SIN3A BRCA1 DNMT3B RAD21 RFX5 CHAMP1 ZNF335 ZNF143 MFSD1 RARRES1 ENSG00000240207 LXN GFM1 LOC100996447 MLF1 ENSG00000271778 ENSG00000272247
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

GeneHancers around LXN on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the LXN gene promoter:

Genomic Locations for LXN Gene

Genomic Locations for LXN Gene
26,872 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for LXN Gene

Genes around LXN on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
LXN Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for LXN Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for LXN Gene

Proteins for LXN Gene

  • Protein details for LXN Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q96PN2
    • Q9NQS6

    Protein attributes for LXN Gene

    222 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    25750 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for LXN Gene

neXtProt entry for LXN Gene

Post-translational modifications for LXN Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for LXN Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

Antibody Products

  • Abcam antibodies for LXN
  • Santa Cruz Biotechnology (SCBT) Antibodies for LXN

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for LXN Gene

Domains & Families for LXN Gene

Gene Families for LXN Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Protein Domains for LXN Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for LXN Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the protease inhibitor I47 (latexin) family.
  • Belongs to the protease inhibitor I47 (latexin) family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with LXN: view

Function for LXN Gene

Molecular function for LXN Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Hardly reversible, non-competitive, and potent inhibitor of CPA1, CPA2 and CPA4. May play a role in inflammation.

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for LXN Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for LXN Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 25416956
GO:0008191 metalloendopeptidase inhibitor activity IEA --
GO:0008201 heparin binding IEA --
GO:0030414 peptidase inhibitor activity IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with LXN: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with LXN: view

Animal Models for LXN Gene

MGI Knock Outs for LXN:

miRNA for LXN Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target LXN

Clone Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for LXN Gene

Localization for LXN Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for LXN Gene


Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for LXN gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
plasma membrane 2
nucleus 2
cytosol 2
cytoskeleton 1
peroxisome 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)
  • Cytosol (2)
  • Nucleoplasm (2)
See all subcellular structures

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for LXN Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA --
GO:0070062 extracellular exosome HDA,IDA 23376485
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with LXN: view

Pathways & Interactions for LXN Gene

No Data Available

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for LXN Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006954 inflammatory response IEA --
GO:0010466 negative regulation of peptidase activity IEA --
GO:0010951 negative regulation of endopeptidase activity IEA --
GO:0050965 detection of temperature stimulus involved in sensory perception of pain IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with LXN: view

No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for LXN Gene

Drugs & Compounds for LXN Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for LXN Gene

mRNA/cDNA for LXN Gene

Unigene Clusters for LXN Gene

Representative Sequences:

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for LXN Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for LXN Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for LXN Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for LXN Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for LXN Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Adrenal Gland (x4.2).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for LXN Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Salivary gland (9.5).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for LXN Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for LXN Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of LXN Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for LXN Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for LXN Gene:

Tissue specificity: Highly expressed in heart, prostate, ovary, kidney, pancreas, and colon, moderate or low in other tissues including brain.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for LXN Gene

  • Nervous system(4.4)
  • Skin(4.2)
  • Blood(3)
  • Intestine(2.1)
  • Thyroid gland(2.1)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with LXN: view

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for LXN Gene

Orthologs for LXN Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for LXN Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia LXN 33 34
  • 99.7 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia LXN 33 34
  • 90.54 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia LXN 33 34
  • 85.14 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Lxn 33
  • 84.31 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Lxn 33 16 34
  • 84.23 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia LXN 34
  • 82 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia LXN 34
  • 71 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves LXN 33 34
  • 65.74 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia LXN 34
  • 55 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia lxn 33
  • 61.75 (n)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii lxn 33 34
  • 48.22 (n)
Species where no ortholog for LXN was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for LXN Gene

Gene Tree for LXN (if available)
Gene Tree for LXN (if available)

Paralogs for LXN Gene

Paralogs for LXN Gene

(1) SIMAP similar genes for LXN Gene using alignment to 2 proteins: Pseudogenes for LXN Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with LXN: view

Variants for LXN Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for LXN Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 03 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs77186707 benign, uncertain-significance, not specified, Combined oxidative phosphorylation deficiency 158,666,395(-) G/C downstream_transcript_variant
rs761095873 pathogenic, not provided 158,666,381(-) T/ downstream_transcript_variant
rs863224035 likely-pathogenic, not provided 158,666,368(-) C/T downstream_transcript_variant
rs114754676 benign, not specified 158,666,378(-) C/T downstream_transcript_variant
rs1000319395 -- 158,668,351(-) G/A intron_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for LXN Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv2763312 CNV gain 21179565
nsv1004124 CNV gain 25217958
nsv1014255 CNV gain 25217958

Variation tolerance for LXN Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 92.1% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 4.00; 60.18% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for LXN Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for LXN Gene

Disorders for LXN Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(2) MalaCards diseases for LXN Gene - From: DISEASES

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
  • infection by listeria monocytogenes
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search LXN in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with LXN: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for LXN Gene

Publications for LXN Gene

  1. Structure of human carboxypeptidase A4 with its endogenous protein inhibitor, latexin. (PMID: 15738388) Pallarès I … Gomis-Rüth FX (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2005) 3 4 22 58
  2. Cloning, tissue expression pattern and genomic organization of latexin, a human homologue of rat carboxypeptidase A inhibitor. (PMID: 11455960) Liu Q … Zhao S (Molecular biology reports 2000) 3 4 22 58
  3. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard DS … MGC Project Team (Genome research 2004) 3 4 58
  4. Bone Microenvironment Changes in Latexin Expression Promote Chemoresistance. (PMID: 28087740) Zhang M … Keller ET (Molecular cancer research : MCR 2017) 3 58
  5. Latexin exhibits tumor-suppressor potential in pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma. (PMID: 26530530) Xue Z … Cai Z (Oncology reports 2016) 3 58

Products for LXN Gene

Sources for LXN Gene

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