Aliases for LTA4H Gene
External Ids for LTA4H Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for LTA4H Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is an enzyme that contains both hydrolase and aminopeptidase activities. The hydrolase activity is used in the final step of the biosynthesis of leukotriene B4, a proinflammatory mediator. The aminopeptidase activity has been shown to degrade proline-glycine-proline (PGP), a neutrophil chemoattractant and biomarker for chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Several transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2015]
GeneCards Summary for LTA4H Gene
LTA4H (Leukotriene A4 Hydrolase) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with LTA4H include Tuberculous Meningitis and Intestinal Tuberculosis. Among its related pathways are Arachidonic acid metabolism and Metabolism. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include peptidase activity. An important paralog of this gene is RNPEP.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for LTA4H Gene
Bifunctional zinc metalloenzyme that comprises both epoxide hydrolase (EH) and aminopeptidase activities. Acts as an epoxide hydrolase to catalyze the conversion of LTA4 to the proinflammatory mediator leukotriene B4 (LTB4) (PubMed:11917124, PubMed:12207002, PubMed:15078870, PubMed:18804029, PubMed:1897988, PubMed:1975494, PubMed:2244921). Has also aminopeptidase activity, with high affinity for N-terminal arginines of various synthetic tripeptides (PubMed:20813919, PubMed:18804029). In addition to its proinflammatory EH activity, may also counteract inflammation by its aminopeptidase activity, which inactivates by cleavage another neutrophil attractant, the tripeptide Pro-Gly-Pro (PGP), a bioactive fragment of collagen generated by the action of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP9) and prolylendopeptidase (PREPL) (PubMed:20813919, PubMed:24591641). Involved also in the biosynthesis of resolvin E1 and 18S-resolvin E1 from eicosapentaenoic acid, two lipid mediators that show potent anti-inflammatory and pro-resolving actions (PubMed:21206090).
Leukotriene A4 hydrolase, (LTA4 hydrolase, LTA4H) is a zinc-dependent epoxide hydrolase which hydrolyzes LTA4 to form LTB4 during leukotriene biosynthesis. The enzyme is the only member of the leukotriene biosynthetic pathway which is mainly cytoplasmic.