Aliases for LTA Gene
External Ids for LTA Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for LTA Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for LTA Gene
The encoded protein, a member of the tumor necrosis factor family, is a cytokine produced by lymphocytes. The protein is highly inducible, secreted, and forms heterotrimers with lymphotoxin-beta which anchor lymphotoxin-alpha to the cell surface. This protein also mediates a large variety of inflammatory, immunostimulatory, and antiviral responses, is involved in the formation of secondary lymphoid organs during development and plays a role in apoptosis. Genetic variations in this gene are associated with susceptibility to leprosy type 4, myocardial infarction, non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, and psoriatic arthritis. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2012]
GeneCards Summary for LTA Gene
LTA (Lymphotoxin Alpha) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with LTA include Psoriatic Arthritis and Leprosy 4. Among its related pathways are Apoptosis Modulation and Signaling and NF-KappaB Family Pathway. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include signaling receptor binding and tumor necrosis factor receptor binding. An important paralog of this gene is TNF.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for LTA Gene
Cytokine that in its homotrimeric form binds to TNFRSF1A/TNFR1, TNFRSF1B/TNFBR and TNFRSF14/HVEM (PubMed:9462508). In its heterotrimeric form with LTB binds to TNFRSF3/LTBR. Lymphotoxin is produced by lymphocytes and is cytotoxic for a wide range of tumor cells in vitro and in vivo.