Aliases for LRP5 Gene
External Ids for LRP5 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for LRP5 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for LRP5 Gene
This gene encodes a transmembrane low-density lipoprotein receptor that binds and internalizes ligands in the process of receptor-mediated endocytosis. This protein also acts as a co-receptor with Frizzled protein family members for transducing signals by Wnt proteins and was originally cloned on the basis of its association with type 1 diabetes mellitus in humans. This protein plays a key role in skeletal homeostasis and many bone density related diseases are caused by mutations in this gene. Mutations in this gene also cause familial exudative vitreoretinopathy. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, May 2014]
GeneCards Summary for LRP5 Gene
LRP5 (LDL Receptor Related Protein 5) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with LRP5 include Osteoporosis-Pseudoglioma Syndrome and Endosteal Hyperostosis, Autosomal Dominant. Among its related pathways are Signaling by GPCR and S45 mutants of beta-catenin arent phosphorylated. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include Wnt-protein binding and Wnt-activated receptor activity. An important paralog of this gene is LRP6.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for LRP5 Gene
Acts as a coreceptor with members of the frizzled family of seven-transmembrane spanning receptors to transduce signal by Wnt proteins (PubMed:11336703, PubMed:11448771, PubMed:15778503, PubMed:11719191, PubMed:15908424, PubMed:16252235). Activates the canonical Wnt signaling pathway that controls cell fate determination and self-renewal during embryonic development and adult tissue regeneration (PubMed:11336703, PubMed:11719191). In particular, may play an important role in the development of the posterior patterning of the epiblast during gastrulation (By similarity). During bone development, regulates osteoblast proliferation and differentiation thus determining bone mass (PubMed:11719191). Mechanistically, the formation of the signaling complex between Wnt ligand, frizzled receptor and LRP5 coreceptor promotes the recruitment of AXIN1 to LRP5, stabilizing beta-catenin/CTNNB1 and activating TCF/LEF-mediated transcriptional programs (PubMed:11336703, PubMed:25920554, PubMed:24706814, PubMed:14731402). Acts as a coreceptor for non-Wnt proteins, such as norrin/NDP. Binding of norrin/NDP to frizzled 4/FZD4-LRP5 receptor complex triggers beta-catenin/CTNNB1-dependent signaling known to be required for retinal vascular development (PubMed:27228167, PubMed:16252235). Plays a role in controlling postnatal vascular regression in retina via macrophage-induced endothelial cell apoptosis (By similarity).