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Aliases for LLPH Gene

Aliases for LLPH Gene

  • LLP Homolog, Long-Term Synaptic Facilitation 2 3 5
  • LLP Homolog, Long-Term Synaptic Facilitation (Aplysia) 2 3
  • Human LAPS18-Like Protein 2 3
  • C12orf31 3 4
  • Chromosome 12 Open Reading Frame 31 2
  • Protein LLP Homolog 3
  • Protein LAPS18-Like 4
  • CPERP-G 4
  • HLLP 3

External Ids for LLPH Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for LLPH Gene

  • C12orf31

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for LLPH Gene

  • GC12M064805
  • GC12M066516
  • GC12M063569

Summaries for LLPH Gene

GeneCards Summary for LLPH Gene

LLPH (LLP Homolog, Long-Term Synaptic Facilitation) is a Protein Coding gene.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for LLPH Gene

  • In hippocampal neurons, regulates dendritic and spine growth and synaptic transmission.

Additional gene information for LLPH Gene

No data available for Entrez Gene Summary , CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for LLPH Gene

Genomics for LLPH Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for LLPH Gene

Promoters and enhancers for LLPH Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH12I066129 Promoter/Enhancer 2 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 550.8 -0.7 -660 3.5 PKNOX1 ARID4B SIN3A FEZF1 DMAP1 YY1 POLR2B E2F8 ZNF207 ZNF143 LLPH-AS1 LLPH HELB TMBIM4 ENSG00000228144
GH12I066186 Promoter/Enhancer 2.3 EPDnew FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 10.3 -58.6 -58635 4.8 RB1 RAD21 ZNF335 ZNF366 IKZF2 RUNX3 USF2 PRDM6 IKZF1 NBN IRAK3 LLPH-AS1 LLPH ENSG00000256072 TMBIM4 HELB PIR44949
GH12I066234 Promoter/Enhancer 1.9 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 10.3 -104.6 -104589 1.7 ATF1 ARNT ZNF76 ZBTB40 RFX5 ZNF335 GLIS2 ATF7 SMARCA5 YY2 RBMS1P1 IRAK3 TMBIM4 ENSG00000228144 HELB ENSG00000256072 LLPH LLPH-AS1 MIR6502
GH12I066107 Enhancer 1 Ensembl ENCODE 12.6 +23.2 23238 0.7 ELF3 ARID4B DMAP1 RAD21 RFX5 YY1 ZNF366 ZNF143 BCLAF1 THAP11 LLPH-AS1 LLPH HMGA2 RPSAP52 LEMD3 LOC100129940 RNA5SP362
GH12I066235 Enhancer 1 ENCODE dbSUPER 10.3 -103.4 -103418 0.2 PKNOX1 ATF1 ZSCAN4 SIN3A RFX5 SCRT2 ZNF143 FOS ATF7 RUNX3 RBMS1P1 IRAK3 TMBIM4 ENSG00000228144 ENSG00000256072 LLPH LLPH-AS1 HELB PIR44949
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

GeneHancers around LLPH on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the LLPH gene promoter:

Genomic Locations for LLPH Gene

Genomic Locations for LLPH Gene
14,214 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for LLPH Gene

Genes around LLPH on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
LLPH Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for LLPH Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for LLPH Gene

Proteins for LLPH Gene

  • Protein details for LLPH Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Protein LLP homolog
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q3B766

    Protein attributes for LLPH Gene

    129 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    15225 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with CTCF, MYO1C and with the transcriptional machinery, including RNA polymerase II and TBP.

neXtProt entry for LLPH Gene

Post-translational modifications for LLPH Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for LLPH Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for LLPH Gene

Domains & Families for LLPH Gene

Gene Families for LLPH Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Protein Domains for LLPH Gene


Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for LLPH Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the learning-associated protein family.
  • Belongs to the learning-associated protein family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with LLPH: view

Function for LLPH Gene

Molecular function for LLPH Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
In hippocampal neurons, regulates dendritic and spine growth and synaptic transmission.

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for LLPH Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for LLPH Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001099 basal RNA polymerase II transcription machinery binding ISS --
GO:0003723 RNA binding IDA,HDA 22658674
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with LLPH: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with LLPH: view

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

miRNA for LLPH Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target LLPH

Inhibitory RNA Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for LLPH Gene

Localization for LLPH Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for LLPH Gene

Nucleus, nucleolus. Chromosome. Note=Cell-permeable protein. 22 hours after injection in the hippocampal area CA1, internalized by most cells at the injection site (By similarity). Localizes at the chromosome periphery during mitosis (PubMed:20813266). {ECO:0000250 UniProtKB:Q9D945, ECO:0000269 PubMed:20813266}.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for LLPH gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 5
cytosol 2

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for LLPH Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005634 nucleus IEA --
GO:0005694 chromosome IEA,IDA 20813266
GO:0005730 nucleolus IEA,IDA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with LLPH: view

Pathways & Interactions for LLPH Gene

No Data Available

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for LLPH Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0060999 positive regulation of dendritic spine development ISS --
GO:0097484 dendrite extension ISS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with LLPH: view

No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for LLPH Gene

Drugs & Compounds for LLPH Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for LLPH Gene

mRNA/cDNA for LLPH Gene

Unigene Clusters for LLPH Gene

LLP homolog, long-term synaptic facilitation (Aplysia):
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for LLPH Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for LLPH Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for LLPH Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for LLPH Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for LLPH Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Lung (18.6), Tlymphocyte (12.0), and Pancreas (12.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, MaxQB, and MOPED for LLPH Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for LLPH Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of LLPH Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for LLPH Gene:


Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for LLPH Gene

  • Kidney(4.4)
  • Nervous system(4.4)
  • Muscle(4.3)
  • Heart(2.2)
  • Liver(2.1)
  • Spleen(2.1)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with LLPH: view

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , mRNA differential expression in normal tissues , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for LLPH Gene

Orthologs for LLPH Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for LLPH Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia LLPH 33 34
  • 99.74 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia LLPH 33 34
  • 91.34 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia LOC100682952 33
  • 89.24 (n)
  • 78 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Llph 33
  • 86.83 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Llph 33 34
  • 83.6 (n)
Llph-ps2 16
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia LLPH 34
  • 78 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves LLPH 33 34
  • 68.13 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia LLPH 34
  • 68 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia llph 33
  • 64.5 (n)
Str.6937 33
African clawed frog
(Xenopus laevis)
Amphibia MGC53320 33
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii zgc:123180 33
  • 61.43 (n)
  • 60 (a)
rainbow trout
(Oncorhynchus mykiss)
Actinopterygii Omy.8965 33
Species where no ortholog for LLPH was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • oppossum (Monodelphis domestica)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for LLPH Gene

Gene Tree for LLPH (if available)
Gene Tree for LLPH (if available)

Paralogs for LLPH Gene Pseudogenes for LLPH Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with LLPH: view

No data available for Paralogs for LLPH Gene

Variants for LLPH Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for LLPH Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 12 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1000010516 -- 66,123,040(-) G/A/T downstream_transcript_variant
rs1000171863 -- 66,125,731(-) C/A intron_variant
rs1000510915 -- 66,124,166(-) A/G intron_variant
rs1001007430 -- 66,130,683(-) A/C intron_variant
rs1001105569 -- 66,123,894(-) T/C coding_sequence_variant, synonymous_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for LLPH Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv3629795 CNV loss 21293372
esv3629796 CNV loss 21293372

Variation tolerance for LLPH Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 48% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 4.35; 63.31% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for LLPH Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for LLPH Gene

Disorders for LLPH Gene

Additional Disease Information for LLPH

No disorders were found for LLPH Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for LLPH Gene

Publications for LLPH Gene

  1. A transducible nuclear/nucleolar protein, mLLP, regulates neuronal morphogenesis and synaptic transmission. (PMID: 26961175) Yu NK … Kaang BK (Scientific reports 2016) 2 3 58
  2. The protein composition of mitotic chromosomes determined using multiclassifier combinatorial proteomics. (PMID: 20813266) Ohta S … Rappsilber J (Cell 2010) 3 4 58
  3. Complete sequencing and characterization of 21,243 full-length human cDNAs. (PMID: 14702039) Ota T … Sugano S (Nature genetics 2004) 3 4 58
  4. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard DS … MGC Project Team (Genome research 2004) 3 4 58
  5. Architecture of the human interactome defines protein communities and disease networks. (PMID: 28514442) Huttlin EL … Harper JW (Nature 2017) 3 58

Products for LLPH Gene

Sources for LLPH Gene

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