Aliases for LIPE Gene
External Ids for LIPE Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for LIPE Gene
The protein encoded by this gene has a long and a short form, generated by use of alternative translational start codons. The long form is expressed in steroidogenic tissues such as testis, where it converts cholesteryl esters to free cholesterol for steroid hormone production. The short form is expressed in adipose tissue, among others, where it hydrolyzes stored triglycerides to free fatty acids. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for LIPE Gene
LIPE (Lipase E, Hormone Sensitive Type) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with LIPE include Lipodystrophy, Familial Partial, Type 6 and Abdominal Obesity-Metabolic Syndrome 4. Among its related pathways are Apelin signaling pathway and triacylglycerol biosynthesis. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include protein kinase binding and triglyceride lipase activity.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for LIPE Gene
Lipase with broad substrate specificity, catalyzing the hydrolysis of triacylglycerols (TAGs), diacylglycerols (DAGs), monoacylglycerols (MAGs), cholesteryl esters and retinyl esters (PubMed:8812477, PubMed:15955102, PubMed:15716583, PubMed:19800417). Shows a preferential hydrolysis of DAGs over TAGs and MAGs and preferentially hydrolyzes the fatty acid (FA) esters at the sn-3 position of the glycerol backbone in DAGs (PubMed:19800417). Preferentially hydrolyzes FA esters at the sn-1 and sn-2 positions of the glycerol backbone in TAGs (By similarity). Catalyzes the hydrolysis of 2-arachidonoylglycerol, an endocannabinoid and of 2-acetyl monoalkylglycerol ether, the penultimate precursor of the pathway for de novo synthesis of platelet-activating factor (By similarity). In adipose tissue and heart, it primarily hydrolyzes stored triglycerides to free fatty acids, while in steroidogenic tissues, it principally converts cholesteryl esters to free cholesterol for steroid hormone production (By similarity).