Aliases for LILRA4 Gene
External Ids for LILRA4 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for LILRA4 Gene
This gene encodes an immunoglobulin-like cell surface protein that is expressed predominantly on plasmacytoid dendritic cells (PDCs) and modulates the function of these cells in the immune response. Expression of this gene is downregulated by interleukin 3 (IL3). This gene is one of a cluster of highly related genes located at chromosomal region 19q13.4. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2015]
GeneCards Summary for LILRA4 Gene
LILRA4 (Leukocyte Immunoglobulin Like Receptor A4) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with LILRA4 include Pitt-Hopkins Syndrome. Among its related pathways are Class I MHC mediated antigen processing and presentation and Immunoregulatory interactions between a Lymphoid and a non-Lymphoid cell. An important paralog of this gene is LILRA6.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for LILRA4 Gene
Functions coreceptor to limit the innate immune responses to viral infections; signaling occurs via FCER1G (PubMed:16735691, PubMed:19564354). Down-regulates the production of IFNA1, IFNA2, IFNA4, IFNB1 and TNF by plasmacytoid dendritic cells that have been exposed to influenza virus or cytidine-phosphate-guanosine (CpG) dinucleotides, indicating it functions as negative regulator of TLR7 and TLR9 signaling cascades (PubMed:16735691, PubMed:19564354, PubMed:24586760). Down-regulates interferon production in response to interaction with BST2 on HIV-1 infected cells (PubMed:26172439). Activates a signaling cascade in complex with FCER1G that results in phosphorylation of Src family and Syk kinases and thereby triggers mobilization of intracellular Ca(2+) (PubMed:16735691, PubMed:19564354). Does not interfere with the differentiation of plasmacytoid dendritic cells into antigen-presenting cells (PubMed:24586760).