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Aliases for LGALS1 Gene

Aliases for LGALS1 Gene

  • Galectin 1 2 3 5
  • Lectin, Galactoside-Binding, Soluble, 1 2 3
  • Beta-Galactoside-Binding Lectin L-14-I 3 4
  • Putative MAPK-Activating Protein PM12 3 4
  • 14 KDa Laminin-Binding Protein 3 4
  • Lactose-Binding Lectin 1 3 4
  • S-Lac Lectin 1 3 4
  • 14 KDa Lectin 3 4
  • Galaptin 3 4
  • HLBP14 3 4
  • Gal-1 3 4
  • HBL 3 4
  • HPL 3 4
  • Beta-Galactoside-Binding Protein 14kDa 3
  • Lectin Galactoside-Binding Soluble 1 4
  • Galectin-1 3
  • GAL1 3
  • GBP 3

External Ids for LGALS1 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for LGALS1 Gene

  • GC22P034686
  • GC22P036314
  • GC22P036396
  • GC22P038071
  • GC22P021039

Summaries for LGALS1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for LGALS1 Gene

  • The galectins are a family of beta-galactoside-binding proteins implicated in modulating cell-cell and cell-matrix interactions. This gene product may act as an autocrine negative growth factor that regulates cell proliferation. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for LGALS1 Gene

LGALS1 (Galectin 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with LGALS1 include Benign Metastasizing Leiomyoma and Thyroid Cancer. Among its related pathways are Apoptosis and Autophagy and MAP Kinase Signaling. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include obsolete signal transducer activity. An important paralog of this gene is LGALS2.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for LGALS1 Gene

  • Lectin that binds beta-galactoside and a wide array of complex carbohydrates. Plays a role in regulating apoptosis, cell proliferation and cell differentiation. Inhibits CD45 protein phosphatase activity and therefore the dephosphorylation of Lyn kinase. Strong inducer of T-cell apoptosis.

Gene Wiki entry for LGALS1 Gene

Additional gene information for LGALS1 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for LGALS1 Gene

Genomics for LGALS1 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for LGALS1 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for LGALS1 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH22J037672 Promoter/Enhancer 2.7 EPDnew FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 650.7 0.0 -47 6.7 HDGF ARNT ARID4B SIN3A ZNF2 YY1 SLC30A9 POLR2B ZNF766 ZNF213 GC22M043045 GC22P037677 GC22P037676 LGALS1 NOL12 GGA1 SH3BP1 LOC101927051 DDX17 H1F0
GH22J037745 Promoter/Enhancer 2.5 EPDnew FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 5.3 +75.1 75109 10.9 HDGF PKNOX1 FOXA2 SIN3A FEZF1 YY1 GLIS2 ZNF207 FOS RUNX3 TRIOBP H1F0 GCAT GGA1 LGALS2 PICK1 LGALS1 ANKRD54 POLR2F CDC42EP1
GH22J037727 Enhancer 1 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 11.8 +52.8 52750 2 CEBPB CEBPG ATF2 SP1 ATF4 ATF3 IKZF1 CEBPA PRDM10 ATF7 ANKRD54 TRIOBP ENSG00000100101 LGALS1 LOC101927051 PDXP GCAT H1F0 GGA1 MIR659
GH22J037655 Enhancer 0.3 dbSUPER 9.3 -19.4 -19424 1.3 ZNF121 LOC101927051 LGALS1 SH3BP1 GC22M043027 ENSG00000285304 GC22M043045
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around LGALS1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the LGALS1 gene promoter:
  • AP-1
  • p53
  • c-Jun
  • ATF-2
  • YY1
  • HEN1
  • MyoD
  • E2F-1
  • E2F

Genomic Locations for LGALS1 Gene

Genomic Locations for LGALS1 Gene
4,201 bases
Plus strand
4,201 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for LGALS1 Gene

Genes around LGALS1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
LGALS1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for LGALS1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for LGALS1 Gene

Proteins for LGALS1 Gene

  • Protein details for LGALS1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B2R5E8
    • Q9UDK5

    Protein attributes for LGALS1 Gene

    135 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    14716 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homodimer. Binds LGALS3BP. Interacts with CD2, CD3, CD4, CD6, CD7, CD43, ALCAM and CD45. Interacts with laminin (via poly-N-acetyllactosamine). Interacts with SUSD2.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for LGALS1 Gene

neXtProt entry for LGALS1 Gene

Post-translational modifications for LGALS1 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for LGALS1 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

Antibody Products

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for LGALS1 Gene

Domains & Families for LGALS1 Gene

Gene Families for LGALS1 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Plasma proteins
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Protein Domains for LGALS1 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for LGALS1 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

genes like me logo Genes that share domains with LGALS1: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for LGALS1 Gene

Function for LGALS1 Gene

Molecular function for LGALS1 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Lectin that binds beta-galactoside and a wide array of complex carbohydrates. Plays a role in regulating apoptosis, cell proliferation and cell differentiation. Inhibits CD45 protein phosphatase activity and therefore the dephosphorylation of Lyn kinase. Strong inducer of T-cell apoptosis.
GENATLAS Biochemistry:
lectin,galactoside-beta binding,soluble 1,autocrine negative growth factor (L14-I)

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for LGALS1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for LGALS1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003723 RNA binding HDA 22658674
GO:0004871 obsolete signal transducer activity HMP --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 10369126
GO:0030246 carbohydrate binding IEA --
GO:0030395 lactose binding IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with LGALS1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with LGALS1: view

Animal Models for LGALS1 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for LGALS1:

Animal Model Products

miRNA for LGALS1 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target LGALS1

Clone Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for LGALS1 Gene

Localization for LGALS1 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for LGALS1 Gene

Secreted, extracellular space, extracellular matrix.

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for LGALS1 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
endoplasmic reticulum 5
cytosol 5
nucleus 4
plasma membrane 3
cytoskeleton 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)
  • Cytosol (2)
  • Nucleoplasm (2)
See all subcellular structures

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for LGALS1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005576 extracellular region IDA 27068509
GO:0005615 extracellular space HDA,IEA 20551380
GO:0005622 intracellular IDA --
GO:0005634 nucleus IEA --
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA,TAS 16130169
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with LGALS1: view

Pathways & Interactions for LGALS1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with LGALS1: view

Pathways by source for LGALS1 Gene

1 BioSystems pathway for LGALS1 Gene
3 Cell Signaling Technology pathways for LGALS1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for LGALS1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0002317 plasma cell differentiation IEA --
GO:0006915 apoptotic process IEA,TAS --
GO:0007165 signal transduction IEA --
GO:0010812 negative regulation of cell-substrate adhesion IEA --
GO:0010977 negative regulation of neuron projection development IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with LGALS1: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for LGALS1 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for LGALS1 Gene

(33) Drugs for LGALS1 Gene - From: DrugBank, HMDB, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Dihydroartemisinin Approved, Investigational Pharma Target, ligand 100
Thiodigalactoside Experimental Pharma Target 0
1,4-Dithiothreitol Experimental Pharma Target 0
Beta-Mercaptoethanol Experimental Pharma Target 0
mannose Investigational Pharma 0

(29) Additional Compounds for LGALS1 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with LGALS1: view

Transcripts for LGALS1 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for LGALS1 Gene

(1) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(12) Additional mRNA sequences :
(1106) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(7) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for LGALS1 Gene

Lectin, galactoside-binding, soluble, 1:
Representative Sequences:

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for LGALS1 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b · 1c ^ 2 ^ 3a · 3b · 3c ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5 ^ 6a · 6b
SP1: - - -
SP2: - - -
SP3: - -
SP4: - -
SP5: - - - - -

Relevant External Links for LGALS1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for LGALS1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for LGALS1 Gene

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for LGALS1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Amniocyte (9.9).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, MaxQB, and MOPED for LGALS1 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of LGALS1 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for LGALS1 Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for LGALS1 Gene:

Tissue specificity: Expressed in placenta, maternal decidua and fetal membranes. Within placenta, expressed in trophoblasts, stromal cells, villous endothelium, syncytiotrophoblast apical membrane and villous stroma. Within fetal membranes, expressed in amnion, chorioamniotic mesenchyma and chorion (at protein level). Expressed in cardiac, smooth, and skeletal muscle, neurons, thymus, kidney and hematopoietic cells.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for LGALS1 Gene

  • Lung(4.9)
  • Skin(4.9)
  • Nervous system(4.9)
  • Blood(4.6)
  • Liver(4.6)
  • Spleen(4.5)
  • Muscle(3.4)
  • Heart(3.2)
  • Eye(3.1)
  • Kidney(2.9)
  • Intestine(2.8)
  • Adrenal gland(2.5)
  • Gall bladder(2.4)
  • Stomach(2.4)
  • Thyroid gland(2.3)
  • Lymph node(2.2)
  • Pancreas(2.1)
  • Bone marrow(2)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with LGALS1: view

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , mRNA differential expression in normal tissues , Protein tissue co-expression partners and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for LGALS1 Gene

Orthologs for LGALS1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for LGALS1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia LGALS1 34 33
  • 99.51 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia LGALS1 34 33
  • 88.64 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia LGALS1 34 33
  • 86.17 (n)
-- 34
  • 81 (a)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Lgals1 33
  • 86.17 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Lgals1 16 34 33
  • 85.93 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia LGALS1 34
  • 75 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia LGALS1 34
  • 62 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves LGALS1 34 34 33
  • 60.65 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia -- 34
  • 52 (a)
-- 34
  • 50 (a)
-- 34
  • 49 (a)
-- 34
  • 47 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia LOC100485378 33
  • 57.6 (n)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii lgals2b 34 33
  • 59.06 (n)
lgals2a 34
  • 40 (a)
lgals1l1 34
  • 36 (a)
Species where no ortholog for LGALS1 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for LGALS1 Gene

Gene Tree for LGALS1 (if available)
Gene Tree for LGALS1 (if available)
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for LGALS1: view image

Paralogs for LGALS1 Gene

Paralogs for LGALS1 Gene

(9) SIMAP similar genes for LGALS1 Gene using alignment to 3 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with LGALS1: view

Variants for LGALS1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for LGALS1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 22 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1000146429 -- 37,678,740(+) C/T intron_variant
rs1000530168 -- 37,674,210(+) G/A upstream_transcript_variant
rs1000598049 -- 37,674,997(+) G/A upstream_transcript_variant
rs1000983739 -- 37,674,703(+) G/A/C upstream_transcript_variant
rs1000985750 -- 37,673,852(+) C/G upstream_transcript_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for LGALS1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv2662670 CNV deletion 23128226
esv2758838 CNV loss 17122850
nsv1057617 CNV gain 25217958
nsv471197 CNV loss 18288195
nsv528985 CNV loss 19592680
nsv829203 CNV loss 20364138
nsv834191 CNV loss 17160897

Variation tolerance for LGALS1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 38.9% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.40; 8.88% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for LGALS1 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for LGALS1 Gene

Disorders for LGALS1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(8) MalaCards diseases for LGALS1 Gene - From: DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
benign metastasizing leiomyoma
  • benign metastasizing leiomyoma of uterus
thyroid cancer
  • malignant neoplasm of thyroid gland
chronic monocytic leukemia
  • leukemia, myeloid
gestational trophoblastic neoplasm
  • gestational trophoblastic neoplasia
bladder urothelial carcinoma
  • bladder transitional cell carcinoma
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards

Additional Disease Information for LGALS1

Genetic Association Database
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with LGALS1: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for LGALS1 Gene

Publications for LGALS1 Gene

  1. Emergence of hormonal and redox regulation of galectin-1 in placental mammals: implication in maternal-fetal immune tolerance. (PMID: 18824694) Than NG … Wildman DE (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 2008) 3 4 22 58
  2. Functional and structural bases of a cysteine-less mutant as a long-lasting substitute for galectin-1. (PMID: 18796645) Nishi N … Nakamura T (Glycobiology 2008) 3 4 22 58
  3. Presentation of galectin-1 by extracellular matrix triggers T cell death. (PMID: 14617626) He J … Baum LG (The Journal of biological chemistry 2004) 3 4 22 58
  4. Glycoprotein 90K/MAC-2BP interacts with galectin-1 and mediates galectin-1-induced cell aggregation. (PMID: 11146440) Tinari N … Liu FT (International journal of cancer 2001) 3 4 22 58
  5. Regulation of CD45-induced signaling by galectin-1 in Burkitt lymphoma B cells. (PMID: 10764829) Fouillit M … Caron M (Glycobiology 2000) 3 4 22 58

Products for LGALS1 Gene

Sources for LGALS1 Gene

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