Aliases for LEPR Gene
External Ids for LEPR Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for LEPR Gene
The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the gp130 family of cytokine receptors that are known to stimulate gene transcription via activation of cytosolic STAT proteins. This protein is a receptor for leptin (an adipocyte-specific hormone that regulates body weight), and is involved in the regulation of fat metabolism, as well as in a novel hematopoietic pathway that is required for normal lymphopoiesis. Mutations in this gene have been associated with obesity and pituitary dysfunction. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding different isoforms have been described for this gene. It is noteworthy that this gene and LEPROT gene (GeneID:54741) share the same promoter and the first 2 exons, however, encode distinct proteins (PMID:9207021).[provided by RefSeq, Nov 2010]
GeneCards Summary for LEPR Gene
LEPR (Leptin Receptor) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with LEPR include Leptin Receptor Deficiency and Fatty Liver Disease. Among its related pathways are RET signaling and Jak-STAT signaling pathway (KEGG). Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include identical protein binding and cytokine receptor activity.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for LEPR Gene
Receptor for hormone LEP/leptin (Probable) (PubMed:22405007). On ligand binding, mediates LEP central and peripheral effects through the activation of different signaling pathways such as JAK2/STAT3 and MAPK cascade/FOS. In the hypothalamus, LEP acts as an appetite-regulating factor that induces a decrease in food intake and an increase in energy consumption by inducing anorexinogenic factors and suppressing orexigenic neuropeptides, also regulates bone mass and secretion of hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal hormones (By similarity) (PubMed:9537324). In the periphery, increases basal metabolism, influences reproductive function, regulates pancreatic beta-cell function and insulin secretion, is pro-angiogenic and affects innate and adaptive immunity (PubMed:25060689, PubMed:12504075, PubMed:8805376). Control of energy homeostasis and melanocortin production (stimulation of POMC and full repression of AgRP transcription) is mediated by STAT3 signaling, whereas distinct signals regulate NPY and the control of fertility, growth and glucose homeostasis. Involved in the regulation of counter-regulatory response to hypoglycemia by inhibiting neurons of the parabrachial nucleus. Has a specific effect on T lymphocyte responses, differentially regulating the proliferation of naive and memory T -ells. Leptin increases Th1 and suppresses Th2 cytokine production (By similarity).
Isoform A: May transport LEP across the blood-brain barrier. Binds LEP and mediates LEP endocytosis. Does not induce phosphorylation of and activate STAT3.
Isoform E: Antagonizes Isoform A and isoform B-mediated LEP binding and endocytosis.
Leptin was initially thought to have a role in energy homeostasis and obesity. It acts via leptin receptors (Ob-Rs), which are transmembrane catalytic receptors found on NPY/AgRP and alpha-MSH/CART neurons in hypothalamic nuclei. There are six isoforms of Ob-R.