Aliases for LCN1 Gene
External Ids for LCN1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for LCN1 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the lipocalin family of small secretory proteins. Lipocalins are extracellular transport proteins that bind to a variety of hydrophobic ligands. The encoded protein is the primary lipid binding protein in tears and is overproduced in response to multiple stimuli including infection and stress. The encoded protein may be a marker for chromosome aneuploidy as well as an autoantigen in Sjogren's syndrome. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed for this gene, and two pseudogenes of this gene are also located on the long arm of chromosome 9. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2011]
GeneCards Summary for LCN1 Gene
LCN1 (Lipocalin 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with LCN1 include Dry Eye Syndrome and Stromal Keratitis. Among its related pathways are Transport of vitamins, nucleosides, and related molecules and Transport of glucose and other sugars, bile salts and organic acids, metal ions and amine compounds. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include cysteine-type endopeptidase inhibitor activity. An important paralog of this gene is OBP2B.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for LCN1 Gene
Could play a role in taste reception. Could be necessary for the concentration and delivery of sapid molecules in the gustatory system. Can bind various ligands, with chemical structures ranging from lipids and retinoids to the macrocyclic antibiotic rifampicin and even to microbial siderophores. Exhibits an extremely wide ligand pocket.