Aliases for LARP7 Gene
External Ids for LARP7 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for LARP7 Gene
This gene encodes a protein which is found in the 7SK snRNP (small nuclear ribonucleoprotein). This snRNP complex inhibits a cyclin-dependent kinase, positive transcription elongation factor b, which is required for paused RNA polymerase II at a promoter to begin transcription elongation. A pseudogene of this gene is located on chromosome 3. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. [provided by RefSeq, May 2012]
GeneCards Summary for LARP7 Gene
LARP7 (La Ribonucleoprotein 7, Transcriptional Regulator) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with LARP7 include Alazami Syndrome and Autosomal Dominant Non-Syndromic Intellectual Disability 27. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include nucleic acid binding and RNA binding. An important paralog of this gene is SSB.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for LARP7 Gene
RNA-binding protein that specifically binds distinct small nuclear RNA (snRNAs) and regulates their processing and function (PubMed:18249148, PubMed:32017898). Specifically binds the 7SK snRNA (7SK RNA) and acts as a core component of the 7SK ribonucleoprotein (RNP) complex, thereby acting as a negative regulator of transcription elongation by RNA polymerase II (PubMed:18249148, PubMed:18483487). The 7SK RNP complex sequesters the positive transcription elongation factor b (P-TEFb) in a large inactive 7SK RNP complex preventing RNA polymerase II phosphorylation and subsequent transcriptional elongation (PubMed:18249148, PubMed:18483487). The 7SK RNP complex also promotes snRNA gene transcription by RNA polymerase II via interaction with the little elongation complex (LEC) (PubMed:28254838). LARP7 specifically binds to the highly conserved 3'-terminal U-rich stretch of 7SK RNA; on stimulation, remains associated with 7SK RNA, whereas P-TEFb is released from the complex (PubMed:18483487, PubMed:18281698). LARP7 also acts as a regulator of mRNA splicing fidelity by promoting U6 snRNA processing (PubMed:32017898). Specifically binds U6 snRNAs and associates with a subset of box C/D RNP complexes: promotes U6 snRNA 2'-O-methylation by facilitating U6 snRNA loading into box C/D RNP complexes (PubMed:32017898). U6 snRNA 2'-O-methylation is required for mRNA splicing fidelity (PubMed:32017898). Binds U6 snRNAs with a 5'-CAGGG-3' sequence motif (PubMed:32017898). U6 snRNA processing is required for spermatogenesis (By similarity).