Aliases for KRTAP12-2 Gene

Aliases for KRTAP12-2 Gene

  • Keratin Associated Protein 12-2 2 3 5
  • KRTAP12.2 2 3 4
  • KAP12.2 2 3 4
  • High Sulfur Keratin-Associated Protein 12.2 3 4
  • Keratin-Associated Protein 12-2 3 4
  • Keratin-Associated Protein 12.2 3 4
  • KRTAP12-2 5

External Ids for KRTAP12-2 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for KRTAP12-2 Gene

  • GC21U900087
  • GC21M044942
  • GC21M044910
  • GC21M046086
  • GC21M031460

Summaries for KRTAP12-2 Gene

GeneCards Summary for KRTAP12-2 Gene

KRTAP12-2 (Keratin Associated Protein 12-2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with KRTAP12-2 include Three M Syndrome 1. Among its related pathways are Developmental Biology and Keratinization. An important paralog of this gene is KRTAP12-1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for KRTAP12-2 Gene

  • In the hair cortex, hair keratin intermediate filaments are embedded in an interfilamentous matrix, consisting of hair keratin-associated proteins (KRTAP), which are essential for the formation of a rigid and resistant hair shaft through their extensive disulfide bond cross-linking with abundant cysteine residues of hair keratins. The matrix proteins include the high-sulfur and high-glycine-tyrosine keratins.

No data available for Entrez Gene Summary , CIViC Summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , Rfam classification and piRNA Summary for KRTAP12-2 Gene

Genomics for KRTAP12-2 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements Pubs

Promoters and enhancers for KRTAP12-2 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
Score
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH21J044665 Enhancer 0.2 Ensembl 250.7 +0.1 126 0.4 KRTAP12-2 KRTAP12-3 lnc-KRTAP12-4-1 TSPEAR
GH21J044876 Enhancer 1.4 FANTOM5 ENCODE dbSUPER 8 -214.3 -214273 7.2 MYC IKZF1 SSRP1 ZNF592 CEBPA ATF3 BRCA1 YY1 CEBPB CTCF lnc-FAM207A-4 UBE2G2 PTTG1IP POFUT2 SUMO3 LINC01424 KRTAP10-6 KRTAP12-2 KRTAP10-11 KRTAP12-1
GH21J044626 Promoter/Enhancer 0.8 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 11.5 +38.9 38926 5.6 ZIC2 ZKSCAN1 KRTAP10-9 KRTAP12-3 KRTAP12-4 KRTAP10-4 KRTAP12-2 TSPEAR IMMTP1 KRTAP12-1 KRTAP10-2 KRTAP10-1
GH21J045167 Promoter/Enhancer 1.3 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 5.3 -501.8 -501774 3.4 SMAD5 BHLHE40 TBP MAFF ZNF316 NFE2 NFE2L2 MAFK MAFG ZC3H8 ADARB1 KRTAP12-2 LINC00315 HSALNG0133610 NONHSAG033067.2 POFUT2
GH21J045208 Enhancer 0.8 ENCODE 5.2 -542.6 -542608 1.7 ATF2 BCL11A ZNF521 IRF4 EBF1 CBFB JUND GLI4 BHLHE40 SPI1 ENSG00000184441 LINC00334 MTCO1P3 ENSG00000228355 CFAP410 MTND5P1 KRTAP12-2 piR-35674-330 HSALNG0133612 POFUT2
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around KRTAP12-2 on the GeneHancer Hub at the UCSC Golden Path

Cistromic (ChIP-Seq) regulation report from SPP (The Signaling Pathways Project) for KRTAP12-2

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the KRTAP12-2 gene promoter:
  • AREB6
  • COMP1
  • E47
  • MyoD
  • NF-kappaB1
  • POU3F2
  • Spz1
  • STAT5A
  • Tal-1

Genomic Locations for KRTAP12-2 Gene

Latest Assembly
chr21:44,666,189-44,666,927
(GRCh38/hg38)
Size:
739 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Previous Assembly
chr21:46,086,106-46,086,844
(GRCh37/hg19 by Entrez Gene)
Size:
739 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

chr21:46,086,106-46,086,844
(GRCh37/hg19 by Ensembl)
Size:
739 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for KRTAP12-2 Gene

Genes around KRTAP12-2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
KRTAP12-2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for KRTAP12-2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for KRTAP12-2 Gene

Proteins for KRTAP12-2 Gene

  • Protein details for KRTAP12-2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P59991-KR122_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Keratin-associated protein 12-2
    Protein Accession:
    P59991
    Secondary Accessions:
    • A6NIS1
    • A6NMS9
    • Q0VAS4

    Protein attributes for KRTAP12-2 Gene

    Size:
    146 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    14689 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with hair keratins.

neXtProt entry for KRTAP12-2 Gene

Post-translational modifications for KRTAP12-2 Gene

No Post-translational modifications

Other Protein References for KRTAP12-2 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for KRTAP12-2 Gene

Domains & Families for KRTAP12-2 Gene

Gene Families for KRTAP12-2 Gene

HGNC:
Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Protein Domains for KRTAP12-2 Gene

InterPro:

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for KRTAP12-2 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:
  • Keratin-associated protein 12.2 (KR122_HUMAN)

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

P59991

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

KR122_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the KRTAP type 12 family.
Family:
  • Belongs to the KRTAP type 12 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with KRTAP12-2: view

Function for KRTAP12-2 Gene

Molecular function for KRTAP12-2 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
In the hair cortex, hair keratin intermediate filaments are embedded in an interfilamentous matrix, consisting of hair keratin-associated proteins (KRTAP), which are essential for the formation of a rigid and resistant hair shaft through their extensive disulfide bond cross-linking with abundant cysteine residues of hair keratins. The matrix proteins include the high-sulfur and high-glycine-tyrosine keratins.

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for KRTAP12-2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for KRTAP12-2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 25416956
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with KRTAP12-2: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with KRTAP12-2: view

Animal Models for research

miRNA for KRTAP12-2 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target KRTAP12-2

Inhibitory RNAs for research

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for KRTAP12-2

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for KRTAP12-2 Gene

Localization for KRTAP12-2 Gene

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for KRTAP12-2 gene
Compartment Confidence
cytosol 4
extracellular 2
cytoskeleton 2

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for KRTAP12-2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
GO:0005882 intermediate filament IEA --
GO:0045095 keratin filament IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with KRTAP12-2: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Subcellular locations from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) for KRTAP12-2 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for KRTAP12-2 Gene

PathCards logo

SuperPathways for KRTAP12-2 Gene

SuperPathway Contained pathways
1 Developmental Biology
2 Keratinization
genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with KRTAP12-2: view

Pathways by source for KRTAP12-2 Gene

2 Reactome pathways for KRTAP12-2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for KRTAP12-2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0031424 keratinization TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with KRTAP12-2: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for KRTAP12-2 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for KRTAP12-2 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for KRTAP12-2 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for KRTAP12-2 Gene

1 REFSEQ mRNAs :
3 NCBI additional mRNA sequence :
1 Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links to gene/alias where relevant :

Inhibitory RNAs for research

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for KRTAP12-2

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for KRTAP12-2 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for KRTAP12-2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
KRTAP12-2

Expression for KRTAP12-2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for KRTAP12-2 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for KRTAP12-2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Skin - Not Sun Exposed (Suprapubic) (x44.7) and Skin - Sun Exposed (Lower leg) (x7.6).

Transcriptomic regulation report from SPP (The Signaling Pathways Project) for KRTAP12-2

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for KRTAP12-2 Gene:

Hs.567902

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for KRTAP12-2 Gene:

P59991-KR122_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Restricted to a narrow region of the hair fiber cuticle, lying approximately 20 cell layers above the apex of the dermal papilla of the hair root; not detected in any other tissues.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for KRTAP12-2 Gene

  • Skin(4)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with KRTAP12-2: view

Primer products for research

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , Protein differential expression in normal tissues , Protein expression , Protein tissue co-expression partners and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for KRTAP12-2 Gene

Orthologs for KRTAP12-2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of mammals.

Orthologs for KRTAP12-2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
Chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia KRTAP12-2 29
  • 97.95 (n)
Mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Gm10100 29 16
  • 77.5 (n)
Gm10024 16 30
  • 66 (a)
ManyToMany
Gm10142 16
Rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia LOC100361702 29
  • 75.89 (n)
Dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia -- 30
  • 55 (a)
ManyToMany
-- 30
  • 40 (a)
ManyToMany
Cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia -- 30
  • 54 (a)
ManyToMany
Species where no ortholog for KRTAP12-2 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Eremothecium gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • Alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • Amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • Baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • Barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • Beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • Bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • Common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • Corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • Filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute Bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • Fission Yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • Fruit Fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • Green Algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • Honey Bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. Lactis Yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • Lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • Loblloly Pine (Pinus taeda)
  • Malaria Parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • Medicago Trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • Moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • Oppossum (Monodelphis domestica)
  • Orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • Pig (Sus scrofa)
  • Platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • Rainbow Trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • Rice (Oryza sativa)
  • Rice Blast Fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • Schistosome Parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • Sea Anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • Sea Vase (Ciona intestinalis)
  • Sea Squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • Sea Urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • Sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • Soybean (Glycine max)
  • Stem Rust Fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • Sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • Thale Cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • Tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • Toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • Tropical Clawed Frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • Wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • Worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)
  • Zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Evolution for KRTAP12-2 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for KRTAP12-2 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for KRTAP12-2 (if available)
Alliance of Genome Resources:
Additional Orthologs for KRTAP12-2

Paralogs for KRTAP12-2 Gene

Variants for KRTAP12-2 Gene

Sequence variations, with clinical significance, from ClinVar and Humsavar, with links to dbSNP for KRTAP12-2 Gene

SNP ID Clinical significance and condition Chr 21 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs12483730 -- p.Ala116Val
rs13046903 -- p.Ala16Thr
rs2838622 -- p.Ser143Pro
rs7275281 -- p.Ser29Cys
rs7275298 -- p.Ala16Val

dbSNP identifiers (rs#s) for variants without ClinVar clinical significance for KRTAP12-2 Gene

All consequence types are included: molecular consequences (e.g. missense, synonymous), and location-based (e.g. intron, upstream).

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for KRTAP12-2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv2723675 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2723676 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2760705 CNV gain 21179565
nsv1111232 CNV tandem duplication 24896259

Variation tolerance for KRTAP12-2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 93.2% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 5.23; 69.98% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for KRTAP12-2 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
KRTAP12-2
Leiden Open Variation Database (LOVD)
KRTAP12-2

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assays for research

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for KRTAP12-2 Gene

Disorders for KRTAP12-2 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(1) MalaCards diseases for KRTAP12-2 Gene - From: COP

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
three m syndrome 1
  • 3m1
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards

Additional Disease Information for KRTAP12-2

genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with KRTAP12-2: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for KRTAP12-2 Gene

Publications for KRTAP12-2 Gene

  1. Hair keratin associated proteins: characterization of a second high sulfur KAP gene domain on human chromosome 21. (PMID: 14962103) Rogers MA … Schweizer J (The Journal of investigative dermatology 2004) 3 4
  2. A cluster of 21 keratin-associated protein genes within introns of another gene on human chromosome 21q22.3. (PMID: 15028290) Shibuya K … Shimizu N (Genomics 2004) 3 4
  3. The status, quality, and expansion of the NIH full-length cDNA project: the Mammalian Gene Collection (MGC). (PMID: 15489334) Gerhard DS … MGC Project Team (Genome research 2004) 3 4
  4. The DNA sequence of human chromosome 21. (PMID: 10830953) Hattori M … Chromosome 21 mapping and sequencing consortium (Nature 2000) 3 4
  5. A reference map of the human binary protein interactome. (PMID: 32296183) Luck K … Calderwood MA (Nature 2020) 3

Products for KRTAP12-2 Gene

Sources for KRTAP12-2 Gene