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Aliases for KRT76 Gene

Aliases for KRT76 Gene

  • Keratin 76 2 3 5
  • Keratin 76, Type II 2 3
  • Type-II Keratin Kb9 3 4
  • Cytokeratin-2P 3 4
  • CK-2P 3 4
  • KRT2B 3 4
  • KRT2P 3 4
  • K2P 3 4
  • K76 3 4
  • Keratin, Type II Cytoskeletal 2 Oral 3
  • Cytokeratin 2 3
  • Keratin 2p 3
  • Keratin-76 4
  • HUMCYT2A 3

External Ids for KRT76 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for KRT76 Gene

  • GC12M051450
  • GC12M053161
  • GC12M050205

Summaries for KRT76 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for KRT76 Gene

  • Keratins are intermediate filament proteins responsible for the structural integrity of epithelial cells and are subdivided into epithelial keratins and hair keratins. The type II keratins are clustered in a region of chromosome 12q13. [provided by RefSeq, Jun 2009]

GeneCards Summary for KRT76 Gene

KRT76 (Keratin 76) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Keratinization and Developmental Biology. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include structural molecule activity. An important paralog of this gene is KRT3.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for KRT76 Gene

  • Probably contributes to terminal cornification.

Additional gene information for KRT76 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for KRT76 Gene

Genomics for KRT76 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for KRT76 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for KRT76 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH12I052777 Promoter 0.5 EPDnew 550.8 0.0 -20 0.1 KRT76 ENSG00000257404
GH12I052859 Enhancer 1.3 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 10.4 -83.1 -83075 1.8 NFIB NEUROD1 CEBPG BMI1 RFX5 CTBP1 FOS SMARCE1 RFX1 MAZ KRT79 KRT4 KRT76 KRT1 KRT2 KRT83 KRT71 KRT6A RARG KRT5
GH12I052644 Enhancer 1.1 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 10.3 +131.4 131416 3.1 CTCF KLF1 NFATC3 ZBTB6 ARNT NFRKB YBX1 NCOA2 ZFHX2 CTBP1 KRT1 KRT77 KRT79 KRT76 KRT4 KRT84 ENSG00000257700 KRT2 KRT128P GC12P052549
GH12I052579 Enhancer 1 FANTOM5 ENCODE 9.5 +195.9 195900 3.7 KLF17 ZNF2 RAD21 ZNF335 ARID2 SCRT2 ZNF143 FOS EGR2 SMARCA5 KRT72 KRT1 KRT71 KRT78 KRT79 KRT2 KRT84 KRT4 KRT6C KRT76
GH12I053101 Promoter/Enhancer 1.6 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 4.8 -326.3 -326348 3.4 HDGF PKNOX1 FOXA2 MLX ZFP64 ARID4B ATF7 RUNX3 RXRA SP5 SOAT2 RNU6-333P CSAD ZNF740 KRT76 IGFBP6 VTI1BP3
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

GeneHancers around KRT76 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the KRT76 gene promoter:

Genomic Locations for KRT76 Gene

Genomic Locations for KRT76 Gene
9,191 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for KRT76 Gene

Genes around KRT76 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
KRT76 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for KRT76 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for KRT76 Gene

Proteins for KRT76 Gene

  • Protein details for KRT76 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Keratin, type II cytoskeletal 2 oral
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B4DRR3
    • Q7Z795

    Protein attributes for KRT76 Gene

    638 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    65841 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Heterotetramer of two type I and two type II keratins.
    • There are two types of cytoskeletal and microfibrillar keratin: I (acidic; 40-55 kDa) and II (neutral to basic; 56-70 kDa).
    • Sequence=BAG61375.1; Type=Erroneous termination; Positions=267; Note=Translated as Glu.; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

neXtProt entry for KRT76 Gene

Post-translational modifications for KRT76 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for KRT76 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for KRT76 Gene

Domains & Families for KRT76 Gene

Gene Families for KRT76 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Plasma proteins
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for KRT76 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the intermediate filament family.
  • Belongs to the intermediate filament family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with KRT76: view

Function for KRT76 Gene

Molecular function for KRT76 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Probably contributes to terminal cornification.

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for KRT76 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for KRT76 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005198 structural molecule activity IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with KRT76: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with KRT76: view

Animal Models for KRT76 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for KRT76:

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for KRT76 Gene

Localization for KRT76 Gene

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for KRT76 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
cytoskeleton 5
nucleus 5
cytosol 5

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for KRT76 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005634 nucleus IDA,HDA 21630459
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
GO:0005882 intermediate filament NAS 1282112
GO:0045095 keratin filament IEA --
GO:0070062 extracellular exosome HDA,IDA 23533145
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with KRT76: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Subcellular locations from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) for KRT76 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for KRT76 Gene

SuperPathways for KRT76 Gene

SuperPathway Contained pathways
1 Developmental Biology
2 Keratinization
genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with KRT76: view

Pathways by source for KRT76 Gene

2 Reactome pathways for KRT76 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for KRT76 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0007010 cytoskeleton organization NAS 1282112
GO:0008544 epidermis development IEA --
GO:0031424 keratinization TAS --
GO:0043473 pigmentation IEA --
GO:0048733 sebaceous gland development IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with KRT76: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for KRT76 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for KRT76 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for KRT76 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for KRT76 Gene

(1) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(2) Additional mRNA sequences :
(251) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(1) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for KRT76 Gene

Keratin 76:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for KRT76 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for KRT76 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for KRT76 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for KRT76 Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for KRT76 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Minor Salivary Gland (x32.4), Skin - Not Sun Exposed (Suprapubic) (x4.9), and Esophagus - Mucosa (x4.0).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for KRT76 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Saliva (58.4).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for KRT76 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for KRT76 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of KRT76 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for KRT76 Gene:


Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for KRT76 Gene

  • Liver(4.3)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with KRT76: view

Primer Products

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for KRT76 Gene

Orthologs for KRT76 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for KRT76 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia KRT76 33 34
  • 99.17 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Krt76 33 16 34
  • 88.08 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Krt76 33
  • 86.96 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia LOC100336907 33
  • 85.17 (n)
-- 34
  • 71 (a)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia LOC100683401 33
  • 84.94 (n)
KRT76 34
  • 83 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia -- 34
  • 72 (a)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 34
  • 71 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves -- 34
  • 64 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia -- 34
  • 56 (a)
Species where no ortholog for KRT76 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)
  • zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Evolution for KRT76 Gene

Gene Tree for KRT76 (if available)
Gene Tree for KRT76 (if available)

Paralogs for KRT76 Gene

Paralogs for KRT76 Gene Pseudogenes for KRT76 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with KRT76: view

Variants for KRT76 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for KRT76 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 12 pos Variation AA Info Type
VAR_036368 A breast cancer sample p.Leu168Val
rs1000072395 -- 52,776,846(-) C/T coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant
rs1000087726 -- 52,770,480(-) A/C intron_variant
rs1001286085 -- 52,774,693(-) C/G intron_variant
rs1001367305 -- 52,776,209(-) C/G intron_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for KRT76 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv3306574 CNV mobile element insertion 20981092
esv3424879 CNV insertion 20981092
esv3629524 CNV gain 21293372
nsv528616 CNV loss 19592680
nsv558964 CNV loss 21841781
nsv976622 CNV duplication 23825009

Variation tolerance for KRT76 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 98.6% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 14.51; 96.46% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for KRT76 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for KRT76 Gene

Disorders for KRT76 Gene

Additional Disease Information for KRT76

No disorders were found for KRT76 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for KRT76 Gene

Publications for KRT76 Gene

  1. Suprabasal marker proteins distinguishing keratinizing squamous epithelia: cytokeratin 2 polypeptides of oral masticatory epithelium and epidermis are different. (PMID: 1282112) Collin C … Franke WW (Differentiation; research in biological diversity 1992) 2 3 4 22 58
  2. New consensus nomenclature for mammalian keratins. (PMID: 16831889) Schweizer J … Wright MW (The Journal of cell biology 2006) 2 3 58
  3. Characterization of new members of the human type II keratin gene family and a general evaluation of the keratin gene domain on chromosome 12q13.13. (PMID: 15737194) Rogers MA … Schweizer J (The Journal of investigative dermatology 2005) 3 4 58
  4. An enzyme assisted RP-RPLC approach for in-depth analysis of human liver phosphoproteome. (PMID: 24275569) Bian Y … Zou H (Journal of proteomics 2014) 4 58
  5. In-depth proteomic analyses of exosomes isolated from expressed prostatic secretions in urine. (PMID: 23533145) Principe S … Drake RR (Proteomics 2013) 3 58

Products for KRT76 Gene

Sources for KRT76 Gene

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