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Aliases for KRT75 Gene

Aliases for KRT75 Gene

  • Keratin 75 2 3 5
  • Keratin-6 Hair Follicle 3 4
  • Type II Keratin-K6hf 3 4
  • Type-II Keratin Kb18 3 4
  • Keratin 75, Type II 2 3
  • Cytokeratin-75 3 4
  • CK-75 3 4
  • HK6hf 3 4
  • K6HF 3 4
  • KB18 3 4
  • K75 3 4
  • Keratin, Type II Cytoskeletal 75 3
  • Cytokeratin Type II 3
  • Type II Keratin-18 3
  • Keratin-75 4
  • PFB 3

External Ids for KRT75 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for KRT75 Gene

  • GC12M051105
  • GC12M052817
  • GC12M049861

Summaries for KRT75 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for KRT75 Gene

  • This gene is a member of the type II keratin family clustered on the long arm of chromosome 12. Type I and type II keratins heteropolymerize to form intermediate-sized filaments in the cytoplasm of epithelial cells. This gene is expressed in the companion layer, upper germinative matrix region of the hair follicle, and medulla of the hair shaft. The encoded protein plays an essential role in hair and nail formation. Variations in this gene have been associated with the hair disorders pseudofolliculitis barbae (PFB) and loose anagen hair syndrome (LAHS). [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2008]

GeneCards Summary for KRT75 Gene

KRT75 (Keratin 75) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with KRT75 include Pseudofolliculitis Barbae and Loose Anagen Hair Syndrome. Among its related pathways are Keratinization and Developmental Biology. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include structural molecule activity. An important paralog of this gene is KRT5.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for KRT75 Gene

  • Plays a central role in hair and nail formation. Essential component of keratin intermediate filaments in the companion layer of the hair follicle.

Additional gene information for KRT75 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for KRT75 Gene

Genomics for KRT75 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for KRT75 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for KRT75 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH12I052434 Promoter/Enhancer 1.5 EPDnew ENCODE dbSUPER 550.8 0.0 -33 0.2 INSM2 KLF17 ZNF335 GLIS2 ZNF366 ZNF398 TSHZ1 ZEB2 ZNF518A ZNF843 KRT75 KRT6B GC12M052334 GC12M052373
GH12I052435 Enhancer 0.7 ENCODE dbSUPER 550.8 -2.0 -1994 2.1 NFIC NFIB NR2C1 NR2C2 KRT75 KRT6C KRT6A KRT6B GC12M052334 GC12M052373
GH12I052491 Promoter/Enhancer 1.9 EPDnew FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 1.5 -60.0 -60032 6.4 CTCF STAT1 KLF17 CEBPB SIN3A EBF1 ZIC2 SP1 JUND GLIS1 KRT6A KRT6C KRT5 KRT71 KRT82 KRT84 KRT87P KRT86 KRT2 KRT78
GH12I052515 Promoter/Enhancer 1.8 EPDnew FANTOM5 ENCODE dbSUPER 1.5 -86.5 -86519 11.4 PKNOX1 ZNF133 GLIS2 SCRT2 RCOR1 FOS DEK ZNF398 MAFF GLIS1 KRT5 GC12M052518 KRT6A KRT6C KRT71 KRT74 KRT84 KRT2 KRT4 KRT82
GH12I052439 Enhancer 1.1 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 0.4 -7.2 -7198 3.6 CTCF PKNOX1 ZIC2 RAD21 ZFHX2 ZNF366 POLR2A SMC3 PRDM10 FOSL2 KRT6C KRT84 KRT2 KRT4 KRT75 KRT6B GC12M052334 GC12M052373
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

GeneHancers around KRT75 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the KRT75 gene promoter:

Genomic Locations for KRT75 Gene

Genomic Locations for KRT75 Gene
10,456 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for KRT75 Gene

Genes around KRT75 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
KRT75 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for KRT75 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for KRT75 Gene

Proteins for KRT75 Gene

  • Protein details for KRT75 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Keratin, type II cytoskeletal 75
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B4DQU4
    • Q9NSA9

    Protein attributes for KRT75 Gene

    551 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    59560 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Heterodimer of a type I and a type II keratin. May associate with KRT17.
    • May be used as a marker of hair differentiation.
    • There are two types of cytoskeletal and microfibrillar keratin, I (acidic) and II (neutral to basic) (40-55 and 56-70 kDa, respectively).
    • Sequence=BAG61056.1; Type=Erroneous initiation; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

neXtProt entry for KRT75 Gene

Post-translational modifications for KRT75 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for KRT75 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for KRT75 Gene

Domains & Families for KRT75 Gene

Gene Families for KRT75 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Disease related genes
  • Plasma proteins
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for KRT75 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the intermediate filament family.
  • Belongs to the intermediate filament family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with KRT75: view

Function for KRT75 Gene

Molecular function for KRT75 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Plays a central role in hair and nail formation. Essential component of keratin intermediate filaments in the companion layer of the hair follicle.

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for KRT75 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for KRT75 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005198 structural molecule activity IEA,TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with KRT75: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with KRT75: view

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

miRNA for KRT75 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target KRT75

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for KRT75 Gene

Localization for KRT75 Gene

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for KRT75 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
cytosol 5
cytoskeleton 4
mitochondrion 3

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)
  • Cytosol (2)
  • Plasma membrane (2)
See all subcellular structures

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for KRT75 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005622 intracellular IEA --
GO:0005829 cytosol TAS --
GO:0005882 intermediate filament IDA 15086549
GO:0045095 keratin filament IEA --
GO:0070062 extracellular exosome IDA,HDA 23376485
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with KRT75: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for KRT75 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for KRT75 Gene

SuperPathways for KRT75 Gene

SuperPathway Contained pathways
1 Developmental Biology
2 Keratinization
genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with KRT75: view

Pathways by source for KRT75 Gene

2 Reactome pathways for KRT75 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for KRT75 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0002244 hematopoietic progenitor cell differentiation IEA --
GO:0031424 keratinization TAS --
GO:0070268 cornification TAS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with KRT75: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for KRT75 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for KRT75 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for KRT75 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for KRT75 Gene

(1) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(3) Additional mRNA sequences :
(2) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(1) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for KRT75 Gene

Keratin 75:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for KRT75 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for KRT75 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for KRT75 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for KRT75 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for KRT75 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Skin - Not Sun Exposed (Suprapubic) (x36.6) and Skin - Sun Exposed (Lower leg) (x14.2).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for KRT75 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Skin (17.8), Brain (10.0), Hair follicle (9.7), Heart (7.9), and Bone marrow mesenchymal stem cell (6.3).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, and MOPED for KRT75 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of KRT75 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for KRT75 Gene:


mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for KRT75 Gene:

Tissue specificity: Highly expressed in hair follicles from scalp. Specifically expressed in the of the hair companion layer follicle, a single layered band of flat and vertically oriented cells between the cuboidal outer root sheath (ORS) cells and the inner root sheath (IRS) that stretches from the lowermost bulb region to the isthmus of the follicle. Also expressed in medullated hairs. In nails, it is almost exclusively present in the nail bed (at protein level).

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for KRT75 Gene

  • Skin(4.5)
  • Lung(2.4)
  • Blood(2.1)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with KRT75: view

Primer Products

No data available for Protein tissue co-expression partners and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for KRT75 Gene

Orthologs for KRT75 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of chordates.

Orthologs for KRT75 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia KRT75 33
  • 99.03 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia KRT75 33 34
  • 85.24 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia KRT75 33 34
  • 85.21 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Krt75 33 16 34
  • 83.64 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Krt75 33
  • 83.36 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia KRT75 34
  • 83 (a)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia -- 34
  • 74 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves KRT6A 33 34
  • 69.76 (n)
KRT75 34
  • 64 (a)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia -- 34
  • 63 (a)
Species where no ortholog for KRT75 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)
  • zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Evolution for KRT75 Gene

Gene Tree for KRT75 (if available)
Gene Tree for KRT75 (if available)

Paralogs for KRT75 Gene

Paralogs for KRT75 Gene Pseudogenes for KRT75 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with KRT75: view

Variants for KRT75 Gene

Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for KRT75 Gene

The Thr-161 variant may increase risk to develop pseudofolliculitis barbae (PFB) [MIM:612318]. PFB is a common hair disorder characterized by a pustular foreign body inflammatory reaction that is induced by ingrown hairs of the facial and submental (barbea) regions after regular shaving. It occurs predominantly in black males, while it is rather rare and usually far less severe in Caucasian males.

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for KRT75 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 12 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs2232387 risk-factor, not-provided, Pseudofolliculitis barbae, susceptibility to, not provided 52,433,824(-) C/T coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant
rs2232398 Loose anagen hair syndrome (LAHS) [MIM:600628] 52,430,567(-) C/T coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant
rs1000146485 -- 52,433,219(-) C/T coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant
rs1000210807 -- 52,431,973(-) A/G intron_variant
rs1000218797 -- 52,434,234(-) G/A coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for KRT75 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv1504n100 CNV gain 25217958
esv1925677 CNV deletion 18987734
nsv520797 CNV gain 19592680
nsv558928 CNV loss 21841781
nsv832410 CNV gain 17160897
nsv832411 CNV loss 17160897
nsv832412 CNV loss 17160897
nsv975490 CNV duplication 23825009
nsv976620 CNV duplication 23825009

Variation tolerance for KRT75 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 98.8% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 13.83; 95.86% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for KRT75 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

Disorders for KRT75 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(5) MalaCards diseases for KRT75 Gene - From: HGMD, OMIM, GTR, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
pseudofolliculitis barbae
  • pfb
loose anagen hair syndrome
  • loose anagen syndrome
central centrifugal cicatricial alopecia
  • central centrifugal alopecia
marek disease
  • fowl paralyses
pachyonychia congenita 1
  • pc1
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search KRT75 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases


  • Loose anagen hair syndrome (LAHS) [MIM:600628]: In LAHS, anagen hairs are easily pulled from the scalp. The hair is relatively sparse and does not grow long. Hair of fair color and hair shafts of reduced caliber, and an early age of onset are features. Usually the hairs are not fragile and there are no areas of breakage. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:11939812}. Note=The disease may be caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Additional Disease Information for KRT75

genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with KRT75: view

No data available for Genatlas for KRT75 Gene

Publications for KRT75 Gene

  1. A novel human type II cytokeratin, K6hf, specifically expressed in the companion layer of the hair follicle. (PMID: 9856802) Winter H … Schweizer J (The Journal of investigative dermatology 1998) 2 3 4 22 58
  2. Is the loose anagen hair syndrome a keratin disorder? A clinical and molecular study. (PMID: 11939812) Chapalain V … Taïeb A (Archives of dermatology 2002) 3 4 22 58
  3. Characterization of a 300 kbp region of human DNA containing the type II hair keratin gene domain. (PMID: 10692104) Rogers MA … Schweizer J (The Journal of investigative dermatology 2000) 2 3 4 58
  4. Cytokeratin 75 expression in central, centrifugal, cicatricial alopecia--new observations in normal and diseased hair follicles. (PMID: 19614992) Sperling LC … Darling T (Journal of cutaneous pathology 2010) 3 22 58
  5. New consensus nomenclature for mammalian keratins. (PMID: 16831889) Schweizer J … Wright MW (The Journal of cell biology 2006) 2 3 58

Products for KRT75 Gene

Sources for KRT75 Gene

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