Aliases for KLK4 Gene
External Ids for KLK4 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for KLK4 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for KLK4 Gene
Kallikreins are a subgroup of serine proteases having diverse physiological functions. Growing evidence suggests that many kallikreins are implicated in carcinogenesis and some have potential as novel cancer and other disease biomarkers. This gene is one of the fifteen kallikrein subfamily members located in a cluster on chromosome 19. In some tissues its expression is hormonally regulated. The expression pattern of a similar mouse protein in murine developing teeth supports a role for the protein in the degradation of enamel proteins. Several transcript variants encoding different proteins have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2014]
GeneCards Summary for KLK4 Gene
KLK4 (Kallikrein Related Peptidase 4) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with KLK4 include Amelogenesis Imperfecta, Hypomaturation Type, Iia1 and Amelogenesis Imperfecta Hypomaturation Type. Among its related pathways are Collagen chain trimerization and MSP-RON Signaling. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include serine-type endopeptidase activity and serine-type peptidase activity. An important paralog of this gene is KLK5.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for KLK4 Gene
Has a major role in enamel formation (PubMed:15235027). Required during the maturation stage of tooth development for clearance of enamel proteins and normal structural patterning of the crystalline matrix (By similarity).