Aliases for KDM6B Gene
External Ids for KDM6B Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for KDM6B Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for KDM6B Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is a lysine-specific demethylase that specifically demethylates di- or tri-methylated lysine 27 of histone H3 (H3K27me2 or H3K27me3). H3K27 trimethylation is a repressive epigenetic mark controlling chromatin organization and gene silencing. This protein can also demethylate non-histone proteins such as retinoblastoma protein. Through its demethylation actvity this gene influences cellular differentiation and development, tumorigenesis, inflammatory diseases, and neurodegenerative diseases. This protein has two classical nuclear localization signals at its N-terminus. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants encoding distinct isoforms. [provided by RefSeq, Feb 2017]
GeneCards Summary for KDM6B Gene
KDM6B (Lysine Demethylase 6B) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with KDM6B include Neurodevelopmental Disorder With Coarse Facies And Mild Distal Skeletal Abnormalities and Agenesis Of Corpus Callosum, Cardiac, Ocular, And Genital Syndrome. Among its related pathways are Chromatin organization and Pathways Affected in Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include sequence-specific DNA binding and dioxygenase activity. An important paralog of this gene is KDM6A.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for KDM6B Gene
Histone demethylase that specifically demethylates 'Lys-27' of histone H3, thereby playing a central role in histone code (PubMed:17825402, PubMed:17851529, PubMed:17713478, PubMed:18003914). Demethylates trimethylated and dimethylated H3 'Lys-27' (PubMed:17825402, PubMed:17851529, PubMed:17713478, PubMed:18003914). Plays a central role in regulation of posterior development, by regulating HOX gene expression (PubMed:17851529). Involved in inflammatory response by participating in macrophage differentiation in case of inflammation by regulating gene expression and macrophage differentiation (PubMed:17825402). Plays a demethylase-independent role in chromatin remodeling to regulate T-box family member-dependent gene expression by acting as a link between T-box factors and the SMARCA4-containing SWI/SNF remodeling complex (By similarity).
Histone demethylases (KDMs) are a family of enzymes that catalyze the removal of methyl groups from lysine and arginine residues on histone tails. They reverse the methylation of lysine and arginine residues that is catalyzed by histone methyltransferases.