Aliases for KCNQ1 Gene
- Potassium Voltage-Gated Channel Subfamily Q Member 1 2 3 5
- KVLQT1 2 3 4
- KCNA8 2 3 4
- IKs Producing Slow Voltage-Gated Potassium Channel Subunit Alpha KvLQT1 3 4
- Potassium Channel, Voltage Gated KQT-Like Subfamily Q, Member 1 2 3
- Potassium Voltage-Gated Channel, KQT-Like Subfamily, Member 1 2 3
- Potassium Voltage-Gated Channel Subfamily KQT Member 1 3 4
- Voltage-Gated Potassium Channel Subunit Kv7.1 3 4
- JLNS1 2 3
- KCNA9 3 4
- Kv7.1 2 3
- LQT1 2 3
External Ids for KCNQ1 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for KCNQ1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for KCNQ1 Gene
This gene encodes a voltage-gated potassium channel required for repolarization phase of the cardiac action potential. This protein can form heteromultimers with two other potassium channel proteins, KCNE1 and KCNE3. Mutations in this gene are associated with hereditary long QT syndrome 1 (also known as Romano-Ward syndrome), Jervell and Lange-Nielsen syndrome, and familial atrial fibrillation. This gene exhibits tissue-specific imprinting, with preferential expression from the maternal allele in some tissues, and biallelic expression in others. This gene is located in a region of chromosome 11 amongst other imprinted genes that are associated with Beckwith-Wiedemann syndrome (BWS), and itself has been shown to be disrupted by chromosomal rearrangements in patients with BWS. Alternatively spliced transcript variants have been found for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2011]
GeneCards Summary for KCNQ1 Gene
KCNQ1 (Potassium Voltage-Gated Channel Subfamily Q Member 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with KCNQ1 include Long Qt Syndrome 1 and Jervell And Lange-Nielsen Syndrome 1. Among its related pathways are Collagen chain trimerization and Cardiac conduction. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include calmodulin binding and ion channel binding. An important paralog of this gene is KCNQ5.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for KCNQ1 Gene
Potassium channel that plays an important role in a number of tissues, including heart, inner ear, stomach and colon (By similarity) (PubMed:10646604). Associates with KCNE beta subunits that modulates current kinetics (By similarity) (PubMed:9312006, PubMed:9108097, PubMed:8900283, PubMed:10646604, PubMed:11101505, PubMed:19687231). Induces a voltage-dependent by rapidly activating and slowly deactivating potassium-selective outward current (By similarity) (PubMed:9312006, PubMed:9108097, PubMed:8900283, PubMed:10646604, PubMed:11101505). Promotes also a delayed voltage activated potassium current showing outward rectification characteristic (By similarity). During beta-adrenergic receptor stimulation participates in cardiac repolarization by associating with KCNE1 to form the I(Ks) cardiac potassium current that increases the amplitude and slows down the activation kinetics of outward potassium current I(Ks) (By similarity) (PubMed:9312006, PubMed:9108097, PubMed:8900283, PubMed:10646604, PubMed:11101505). Muscarinic agonist oxotremorine-M strongly suppresses KCNQ1/KCNE1 current (PubMed:10713961). When associated with KCNE3, forms the potassium channel that is important for cyclic AMP-stimulated intestinal secretion of chloride ions (PubMed:10646604). This interaction with KCNE3 is reduced by 17beta-estradiol, resulting in the reduction of currents (By similarity). During conditions of increased substrate load, maintains the driving force for proximal tubular and intestinal sodium ions absorption, gastric acid secretion, and cAMP-induced jejunal chloride ions secretion (By similarity). Allows the provision of potassium ions to the luminal membrane of the secretory canaliculus in the resting state as well as during stimulated acid secretion (By similarity). When associated with KCNE2, forms a heterooligomer complex leading to currents with an apparently instantaneous activation, a rapid deactivation process and a linear current-voltage relationship and decreases the amplitude of the outward current (PubMed:11101505). When associated with KCNE4, inhibits voltage-gated potassium channel activity (PubMed:19687231). When associated with KCNE5, this complex only conducts current upon strong and continued depolarization (PubMed:12324418). Also forms a heterotetramer with KCNQ5; has a voltage-gated potassium channel activity (PubMed:24855057). Binds with phosphatidylinositol 4,5-bisphosphate (PubMed:25037568).
[Isoform 2]: Non-functional alone but modulatory when coexpressed with the full-length isoform 1.
Voltage-gated potassium channels (KV) belong to the 6-TM family of potassium channel that also comprises the Ca2+-activated Slo (actually 7-TM) and the Ca2+-activated SK subfamilies. The alpha-subunits contain a single pore-forming region and combine to form tetramers.