Aliases for KCNK4 Gene
- Potassium Two Pore Domain Channel Subfamily K Member 4 2 3 5
- TRAAK 2 3 4
- TWIK-Related Arachidonic Acid-Stimulated Potassium Channel Protein 3 4
- Potassium Channel, Two Pore Domain Subfamily K, Member 4 2 3
- Potassium Channel, Subfamily K, Member 4 2 3
- Potassium Channel Subfamily K Member 4 3 4
- Two Pore Potassium Channel KT4.1 3 4
External Ids for KCNK4 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for KCNK4 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the TWIK-related arachidonic acid-stimulated two pore potassium channel subfamily. The encoded protein homodimerizes and functions as an outwardly rectifying channel. This channel is regulated by polyunsaturated fatty acids, temperature and mechanical deformation of the lipid membrane. This protein is expressed primarily in neural tissues and may be involved in regulating the noxious input threshold in dorsal root ganglia neurons. Alternate splicing results in multiple transcript variants. Naturally occurring read-through transcripts also exist between this gene and the downstream testis expressed 40 (TEX40) gene, as represented in GeneID: 106780802. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2015]
GeneCards Summary for KCNK4 Gene
KCNK4 (Potassium Two Pore Domain Channel Subfamily K Member 4) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with KCNK4 include Facial Dysmorphism, Hypertrichosis, Epilepsy, Intellectual/Developmental Delay, And Gingival Overgrowth Syndrome and Gingival Overgrowth. Among its related pathways are Cardiac conduction and Neuropathic Pain-Signaling in Dorsal Horn Neurons. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include ion channel activity and voltage-gated ion channel activity. An important paralog of this gene is KCNK10.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for KCNK4 Gene
Voltage-insensitive potassium channel (PubMed:22282805). Channel opening is triggered by mechanical forces that deform the membrane (PubMed:22282805, PubMed:25471887, PubMed:25500157, PubMed:30290154). Channel opening is triggered by raising the intracellular pH to basic levels (By similarity). The channel is inactive at 24 degrees Celsius (in vitro); raising the temperature to 37 degrees Celsius increases the frequency of channel opening, with a further increase in channel activity when the temperature is raised to 42 degrees Celsius (By similarity). Plays a role in the perception of pain caused by heat (By similarity). Plays a role in the sensory perception of pain caused by pressure (By similarity).