Aliases for KAT2A Gene
- Lysine Acetyltransferase 2A 2 3 4 5
- GCN5 2 3 4
- General Control Of Amino Acid Synthesis Protein 5-Like 2 3 4
- Histone Glutaryltransferase KAT2A 3 4
- Histone Succinyltransferase KAT2A 3 4
- Histone Acetyltransferase KAT2A 3 4
- K(Lysine) Acetyltransferase 2A 2 3
- Histone Acetyltransferase GCN5 3 4
- EC 22.214.171.124 4 51
External Ids for KAT2A Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for KAT2A Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for KAT2A Gene
KAT2A, or GCN5, is a histone acetyltransferase (HAT) that functions primarily as a transcriptional activator. It also functions as a repressor of NF-kappa-B (see MIM 164011) by promoting ubiquitination of the NF-kappa-B subunit RELA (MIM 164014) in a HAT-independent manner (Mao et al., 2009 [PubMed 19339690]).[supplied by OMIM, Sep 2009]
GeneCards Summary for KAT2A Gene
KAT2A (Lysine Acetyltransferase 2A) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with KAT2A include Spinocerebellar Ataxia 7 and Chromosome 16P13.3 Deletion Syndrome, Proximal. Among its related pathways are Chromatin organization and E2F transcription factor network. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include chromatin binding and transcription coactivator activity. An important paralog of this gene is KAT2B.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for KAT2A Gene
Protein lysine acyltransferase that can act as a acetyltransferase, glutaryltransferase or succinyltransferase, depending on the context (PubMed:29211711). Acts as a histone lysine succinyltransferase: catalyzes succinylation of histone H3 on 'Lys-79' (H3K79succ), with a maximum frequency around the transcription start sites of genes (PubMed:29211711). Succinylation of histones gives a specific tag for epigenetic transcription activation (PubMed:29211711). Association with the 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase complex, which provides succinyl-CoA, is required for histone succinylation (PubMed:29211711). In different complexes, functions either as an acetyltransferase (HAT) or as a succinyltransferase: in the SAGA and ATAC complexes, acts as a histone acetyltransferase (PubMed:17301242, PubMed:19103755, PubMed:29211711). Has significant histone acetyltransferase activity with core histones, but not with nucleosome core particles (PubMed:17301242, PubMed:19103755). Acetylation of histones gives a specific tag for epigenetic transcription activation (PubMed:17301242, PubMed:19103755, PubMed:29211711). Recruited by the XPC complex at promoters, where it specifically mediates acetylation of histone variant H2A.Z.1/H2A.Z, thereby promoting expression of target genes (PubMed:29973595, PubMed:31527837). Involved in long-term memory consolidation and synaptic plasticity: acts by promoting expression of a hippocampal gene expression network linked to neuroactive receptor signaling (By similarity). Acts as a positive regulator of T-cell activation: upon TCR stimulation, recruited to the IL2 promoter following interaction with NFATC2 and catalyzes acetylation of histone H3 at 'Lys-9' (H3K9ac), leading to promote IL2 expression (By similarity). Required for growth and differentiation of craniofacial cartilage and bone by regulating acetylation of histone H3 at 'Lys-9' (H3K9ac) (By similarity). Regulates embryonic stem cell (ESC) pluripotency and differentiation (By similarity). Also acetylates non-histone proteins, such as CEBPB, PLK4 and TBX5 (PubMed:17301242, PubMed:27796307, PubMed:29174768). Involved in heart and limb development by mediating acetylation of TBX5, acetylation regulating nucleocytoplasmic shuttling of TBX5 (PubMed:29174768). Acts as a negative regulator of centrosome amplification by mediating acetylation of PLK4 (PubMed:27796307). Also acts as a histone glutaryltransferase: catalyzes glutarylation of histone H4 on 'Lys-91' (H4K91glu), a mark that destabilizes nucleosomes by promoting dissociation of the H2A-H2B dimers from nucleosomes (PubMed:31542297).
(Microbial infection) In case of HIV-1 infection, it is recruited by the viral protein Tat. Regulates Tat's transactivating activity and may help inducing chromatin remodeling of proviral genes.