Aliases for ITPR2 Gene
External Ids for ITPR2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ITPR2 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene belongs to the inositol 1,4,5-triphosphate receptor family, whose members are second messenger intracellular calcium release channels. These proteins mediate a rise in cytoplasmic calcium in response to receptor activated production of inositol triphosphate. Inositol triphosphate receptor-mediated signaling is involved in many processes including cell migration, cell division, smooth muscle contraction, and neuronal signaling. This protein is a type 2 receptor that consists of a cytoplasmic amino-terminus that binds inositol triphosphate, six membrane-spanning helices that contribute to the ion pore, and a short cytoplasmic carboxy-terminus. A mutation in this gene has been associated with anhidrosis, suggesting that intracellular calcium release mediated by this protein is required for eccrine sweat production. [provided by RefSeq, Apr 2015]
GeneCards Summary for ITPR2 Gene
ITPR2 (Inositol 1,4,5-Trisphosphate Receptor Type 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with ITPR2 include Anhidrosis, Isolated, With Normal Sweat Glands and Anhidrosis. Among its related pathways are Downstream signaling events of B Cell Receptor (BCR) and Signaling by GPCR. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include binding and phosphatidylinositol binding. An important paralog of this gene is ITPR1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for ITPR2 Gene
Receptor for inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate, a second messenger that mediates the release of intracellular calcium. This release is regulated by cAMP both dependently and independently of PKA (By similarity).
Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate (IP3) receptors are a form of ligand-gated ion channels that are activated by cytosolic Ca2+ and IP3. They are localized to intracellular membranes, such as the endoplasmic reticulum, and mediate the mobilization of intracellular Ca2+ stores.