External Ids for IRF5 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for IRF5 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the interferon regulatory factor (IRF) family, a group of transcription factors with diverse roles, including virus-mediated activation of interferon, and modulation of cell growth, differentiation, apoptosis, and immune system activity. Members of the IRF family are characterized by a conserved N-terminal DNA-binding domain containing tryptophan (W) repeats. Alternative promoter use and alternative splicing result in multiple transcript variants, and a 30-nt indel polymorphism (SNP rs60344245) can result in loss of a 10-aa segment. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2016]
GeneCards Summary for IRF5 Gene
IRF5 (Interferon Regulatory Factor 5) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with IRF5 include Systemic Lupus Erythematosus 10 and Inflammatory Bowel Disease 14. Among its related pathways are Immune response IFN alpha/beta signaling pathway and Toll-like Receptor Signaling Pathway. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include DNA-binding transcription factor activity. An important paralog of this gene is IRF6.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for IRF5 Gene
Transcription factor that plays a critical role in innate immunity by activating expression of type I interferon (IFN) IFNA and INFB and inflammatory cytokines downstream of endolysosomal toll-like receptors TLR7, TLR8 and TLR9 (PubMed:11303025, PubMed:15695821, PubMed:22412986, PubMed:25326418, PubMed:32433612). Regulates the transcription of type I IFN genes (IFN-alpha and IFN-beta) and IFN-stimulated genes (ISG) by binding to an interferon-stimulated response element (ISRE) in their promoters (By similarity). Can efficiently activate both the IFN-beta (IFNB) and the IFN-alpha (IFNA) genes and mediate their induction downstream of the TLR-activated, MyD88-dependent pathway (By similarity).