External Ids for IRF3 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for IRF3 Gene
This gene encodes a member of the interferon regulatory transcription factor (IRF) family. The encoded protein is found in an inactive cytoplasmic form that upon serine/threonine phosphorylation forms a complex with CREBBP. This complex translocates to the nucleus and activates the transcription of interferons alpha and beta, as well as other interferon-induced genes. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2011]
GeneCards Summary for IRF3 Gene
IRF3 (Interferon Regulatory Factor 3) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with IRF3 include Encephalopathy, Acute, Infection-Induced 7 and Encephalitis. Among its related pathways are Toll-like Receptor Signaling Pathway and Diseases associated with the TLR signaling cascade. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include DNA binding transcription factor activity and identical protein binding. An important paralog of this gene is IRF5.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for IRF3 Gene
Key transcriptional regulator of type I interferon (IFN)-dependent immune responses which plays a critical role in the innate immune response against DNA and RNA viruses. Regulates the transcription of type I IFN genes (IFN-alpha and IFN-beta) and IFN-stimulated genes (ISG) by binding to an interferon-stimulated response element (ISRE) in their promoters. Acts as a more potent activator of the IFN-beta (IFNB) gene than the IFN-alpha (IFNA) gene and plays a critical role in both the early and late phases of the IFNA/B gene induction. Found in an inactive form in the cytoplasm of uninfected cells and following viral infection, double-stranded RNA (dsRNA), or toll-like receptor (TLR) signaling, is phosphorylated by IKBKE and TBK1 kinases. This induces a conformational change, leading to its dimerization and nuclear localization and association with CREB binding protein (CREBBP) to form dsRNA-activated factor 1 (DRAF1), a complex which activates the transcription of the type I IFN and ISG genes. Can activate distinct gene expression programs in macrophages and can induce significant apoptosis in primary macrophages.