Aliases for ILF2 Gene
External Ids for ILF2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for ILF2 Gene
The protein encoded by this gene is a transcription factor required for T-cell expression of the interleukin 2 gene. It also binds RNA and is an essential component for encapsidation and protein priming of hepatitis B viral polymerase. The encoded 45 kDa protein (NF45, ILF2) forms a complex with the 90 kDa interleukin enhancer-binding factor 3 (NF90, ILF3), and this complex has been shown to affect the redistribution of nuclear mRNA to the cytoplasm, to repair DNA breaks by nonhomologous end joining, and to negatively regulate the microRNA processing pathway. Knockdown of NF45 or NF90 protein retards cell growth, possibly by inhibition of mRNA stabilization. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants. Related pseudogenes have been found on chromosomes 3 and 14. [provided by RefSeq, Dec 2014]
GeneCards Summary for ILF2 Gene
ILF2 (Interleukin Enhancer Binding Factor 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Innate Immune System and B cell receptor signaling pathway (KEGG). Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include double-stranded RNA binding. An important paralog of this gene is ZFR2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for ILF2 Gene
Appears to function predominantly as a heterodimeric complex with ILF3. This complex may regulate transcription of the IL2 gene during T-cell activation. It can also promote the formation of stable DNA-dependent protein kinase holoenzyme complexes on DNA. Essential for the efficient reshuttling of ILF3 (isoform 1 and isoform 2) into the nucleus.