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Aliases for IL5 Gene

Aliases for IL5 Gene

  • Interleukin 5 2 3 5
  • Eosinophil Differentiation Factor 2 3 4
  • T-Cell Replacing Factor 2 3 4
  • Interleukin-5 2 3 4
  • Colony-Stimulating Factor, Eosinophil 2 3
  • B-Cell Differentiation Factor I 3 4
  • IL-5 3 4
  • TRF 3 4
  • Interleukin 5 (Colony-Stimulating Factor, Eosinophil) 2
  • B Cell Differentiation Factor I 2
  • EDF 3

External Ids for IL5 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for IL5 Gene

  • GC05M131399
  • GC05M132324
  • GC05M131907
  • GC05M131953
  • GC05M131905
  • GC05M127069
  • GC05M131881

Summaries for IL5 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for IL5 Gene

  • This gene encodes a cytokine that acts as a growth and differentiation factor for both B cells and eosinophils. The encoded cytokine plays a major role in the regulation of eosinophil formation, maturation, recruitment and survival. The increased production of this cytokine may be related to pathogenesis of eosinophil-dependent inflammatory diseases. This cytokine functions by binding to its receptor, which is a heterodimer, whose beta subunit is shared with the receptors for interleukine 3 (IL3) and colony stimulating factor 2 (CSF2/GM-CSF). This gene is located on chromosome 5 within a cytokine gene cluster which includes interleukin 4 (IL4), interleukin 13 (IL13), and CSF2 . This gene, IL4, and IL13 may be regulated coordinately by long-range regulatory elements spread over 120 kilobases on chromosome 5q31. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2013]

GeneCards Summary for IL5 Gene

IL5 (Interleukin 5) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with IL5 include Allergic Hypersensitivity Disease and Pulmonary Eosinophilia. Among its related pathways are Immune response IFN alpha/beta signaling pathway and IL4-mediated signaling events. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include cytokine activity and interleukin-5 receptor binding.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for IL5 Gene

  • Factor that induces terminal differentiation of late-developing B-cells to immunoglobulin secreting cells.

Tocris Summary for IL5 Gene

  • Cytokines are proteinaceous signaling compounds that are major mediators of the immune response. They control many different cellular functions including proliferation, differentiation and cell survival/apoptosis but are also involved in several pathophysiological processes.

Gene Wiki entry for IL5 Gene

Additional gene information for IL5 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for IL5 Gene

Genomics for IL5 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for IL5 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for IL5 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH05J132555 Promoter/Enhancer 2.1 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 600.7 -0.8 -781 3.5 HDGF SP1 ZFX CC2D1A ELF3 ZKSCAN8 MNT CBFA2T2 ZNF148 NKRF RAD50 IL5 IL4 AFF4 ENSG00000202533 ENSG00000234290 ENSG00000224431 ZCCHC10 C5orf56 FNIP1
GH05J132543 Promoter 0.5 EPDnew 600.4 +13.3 13348 0.1 IL5 KIF3A CCNI2 RNU7-15P RNA5SP192 GC05P132531 RAD50 ENSG00000283782
GH05J132529 Enhancer 1.1 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE 22.5 +27.7 27689 1.2 CBFA2T2 SMARCA4 IKZF1 HDAC1 ZNF316 EP300 CTBP1 HDAC2 MAFK DPF2 IL5 RAD50 SOWAHA IL4 ENSG00000230612 IL13 CSF2 IL3 SLC22A5 GC05P132531
GH05J132406 Promoter/Enhancer 2.2 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 10.4 +144.2 144154 11.5 ELF3 ZFX MNT ZNF148 NKRF POLR2A ZNF687 MAFK SP1 PPARG RAD50 ENSG00000283782 MIR3936HG ENSG00000224431 MIR3936 ZCCHC10 AFF4 P4HA2 RAPGEF6 ENSG00000202533
GH05J132736 Promoter/Enhancer 2 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 10.3 -180.7 -180747 2.9 ZFX NKRF ZNF687 YY1 SP7 POLR2A SP1 KLF14 CREM MLLT1 KIF3A SEPTIN8 ENSG00000230612 IL4 TH2LCRR IL13 SHROOM1 RAD50 IL5 RNU7-15P
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around IL5 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the IL5 gene promoter:
  • C/EBPalpha
  • GATA-1
  • GATA-3
  • GR
  • GR-alpha
  • GR-beta
  • POU3F2 (N-Oct-5b)

Genomic Locations for IL5 Gene

Genomic Locations for IL5 Gene
15,447 bases
Minus strand
15,395 bases
Minus strand

Genomic View for IL5 Gene

Genes around IL5 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
IL5 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for IL5 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for IL5 Gene

Proteins for IL5 Gene

  • Protein details for IL5 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q13840

    Protein attributes for IL5 Gene

    134 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    15238 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Homodimer; disulfide-linked.

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for IL5 Gene

neXtProt entry for IL5 Gene

Post-translational modifications for IL5 Gene

  • Glycosylation at posLast=4747 and posLast=2222
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for IL5 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for IL5 Gene

Domains & Families for IL5 Gene

Gene Families for IL5 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Cancer-related genes
  • FDA approved drug targets
  • Predicted intracellular proteins
  • Predicted secreted proteins

Protein Domains for IL5 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for IL5 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:
  • T-cell replacing factor (IL5_HUMAN)

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the IL-5 family.
  • Belongs to the IL-5 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with IL5: view

Function for IL5 Gene

Molecular function for IL5 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Factor that induces terminal differentiation of late-developing B-cells to immunoglobulin secreting cells.
GENATLAS Biochemistry:
interleukin 5,colony-stimulating factor (eosinophil),homodimerizing,inducing terminal differentiation of B cells to immunoglobulin secreting cells

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for IL5 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for IL5 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005125 cytokine activity IEA --
GO:0005137 interleukin-5 receptor binding IEA --
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 1495999
GO:0008083 growth factor activity IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with IL5: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with IL5: view

Animal Models for IL5 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for IL5:
  • Il5 Il5<tm1Kopf>
  • Il5 Il5<tm2Anjm>
  • Il5 Il5<tm1Anjm>
  • Il5 Il5<tm1.1(icre)Lky>
  • Il5 Il5<tm1Ktk>
  • Il5 Il5<tm3Anjm>

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

Clone Products

  • Applied Biological Materials (abm): Clones for IL5 - Now 50% OFF >
  • * IL5 as ready-to-use vector or virus: ORF | Lenti- | Retro- | Adeno- | AAV- | Protein Vector - Browse All
  • * IL5 tags and reporters available: His, HA, Myc, Flag, GFP, RFP, Luciferase - Browse All

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for IL5 Gene

Localization for IL5 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for IL5 Gene


Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for IL5 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
plasma membrane 2
nucleus 2
cytosol 2
cytoskeleton 1
mitochondrion 1
lysosome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for IL5 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005576 extracellular region IEA,TAS --
GO:0005615 extracellular space TAS,IEA 3024129
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with IL5: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) for IL5 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for IL5 Gene

PathCards logo

SuperPathways for IL5 Gene

SuperPathway Contained pathways
1 RET signaling
2 PEDF Induced Signaling
3 Allograft rejection
4 TGF-Beta Pathway
5 Akt Signaling
genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with IL5: view

SIGNOR curated interactions for IL5 Gene


Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for IL5 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000165 MAPK cascade TAS --
GO:0006954 inflammatory response IEA --
GO:0006955 immune response IEA --
GO:0008284 positive regulation of cell proliferation IEA --
GO:0010469 regulation of signaling receptor activity IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with IL5: view

Drugs & Compounds for IL5 Gene

(109) Drugs for IL5 Gene - From: DrugBank, ClinicalTrials, ApexBio, DGIdb, FDA Approved Drugs, HMDB, Tocris, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Mepolizumab Approved, Investigational Pharma Target, antagonist, antibody 0
Reslizumab Approved, Investigational Pharma Target, antagonist 21
Prednisolone Approved, Vet_approved Pharma Agonist 1434
Thalidomide Approved, Investigational, Withdrawn Pharma Immunomodulatory agent,sedative drug,angiogenesis inhibitor, TNF-alpha synthesis inhibitor, Immunomodulatory agents 624
Methylprednisolone Approved, Vet_approved Pharma Apoptosis inducer,GR agonist, Glucocorticoid receptor agonist 1434

(47) Additional Compounds for IL5 Gene - From: Novoseek and Tocris

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
AS 101
GIT 27

(4) Tocris Compounds for IL5 Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
AS 101 Immunomodulator; inhibits IL-10 synthesis and potentiates IL-1alpha, IL-2 and TNF-alpha release 106566-58-9
GIT 27 Immunomodulator; reduces production of pro-inflammatory cytokines 6501-72-0
Pirfenidone Antifibrotic agent; regulates cytokine levels in vivo 53179-13-8
Thalidomide TNF-alpha synthesis inhibitor 50-35-1

(1) ApexBio Compounds for IL5 Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
Suplatast Tosylate 94055-76-2
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with IL5: view

Drug Products

Transcripts for IL5 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for IL5 Gene

(1) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(9) Additional mRNA sequences :
(15) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(3) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links to gene/alias where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for IL5 Gene

Interleukin 5 (colony-stimulating factor, eosinophil):
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Clone Products

  • Applied Biological Materials (abm): Clones for IL5 - Now 50% OFF >
  • * IL5 as ready-to-use vector or virus: ORF | Lenti- | Retro- | Adeno- | AAV- | Protein Vector - Browse All
  • * IL5 tags and reporters available: His, HA, Myc, Flag, GFP, RFP, Luciferase - Browse All

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for IL5 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for IL5 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for IL5 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for IL5 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for IL5 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Testis (x25.2).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for IL5 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Platelet (69.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB and MOPED for IL5 Gene

Protein tissue co-expression partners for IL5 Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of IL5 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for IL5 Gene:


Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for IL5 Gene

  • Blood(3.6)
  • Lung(3.1)
  • Spleen(2.9)
  • Lymph node(2.6)
  • Bone marrow(2.5)
  • Skin(2.4)
  • Intestine(2.3)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with IL5: view

No data available for mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for IL5 Gene

Orthologs for IL5 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of mammals.

Orthologs for IL5 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia IL5 35 34
  • 99.75 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia IL5 35 34
  • 81.09 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia IL5 35 34
  • 80.6 (n)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Il5 17 35 34
  • 79.2 (n)
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Il5 34
  • 78.63 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia IL5 35
  • 53 (a)
Species where no ortholog for IL5 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)
  • zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Evolution for IL5 Gene

Gene Tree for IL5 (if available)
Gene Tree for IL5 (if available)
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for IL5: view image

Paralogs for IL5 Gene

No data available for Paralogs for IL5 Gene

Variants for IL5 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for IL5 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 05 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1060501950 uncertain-significance, Hereditary cancer-predisposing syndrome 132,557,422(-) T/G upstream_transcript_variant
rs1060501972 uncertain-significance, Hereditary cancer-predisposing syndrome 132,557,334(-) A/G upstream_transcript_variant
rs1277596729 uncertain-significance, Hereditary cancer-predisposing syndrome 132,557,332(-) G/T upstream_transcript_variant
rs1339714611 likely-pathogenic, Hereditary cancer-predisposing syndrome 132,557,454(-) G/T upstream_transcript_variant
rs1388089645 likely-benign, Hereditary cancer-predisposing syndrome 132,557,381(-) C/T upstream_transcript_variant

Variation tolerance for IL5 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 54.6% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.38; 8.27% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for IL5 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for IL5 Gene

Disorders for IL5 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(129) MalaCards diseases for IL5 Gene - From: HGMD, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
allergic hypersensitivity disease
  • allergic disease
pulmonary eosinophilia
  • asthmatic pulmonary eosinophilia
chronic eosinophilic pneumonia
  • cryptogenic pulmonary eosinophilia
eosinophilic pneumonia
  • pneumonia, eosinophilic
allergic rhinitis
  • alrh
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search IL5 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Additional Disease Information for IL5

Genetic Association Database
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with IL5: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for IL5 Gene

Publications for IL5 Gene

  1. Cytokine polymorphisms in the Th1/Th2 pathway and susceptibility to non-Hodgkin lymphoma. (PMID: 16449530) Lan Q … Chanock S (Blood 2006) 3 23 45 58
  2. IL-5 and thromboxane A2 receptor gene polymorphisms are associated with decreased pulmonary function in Korean children with atopic asthma. (PMID: 15805995) Hong SJ … Hong TJ (The Journal of allergy and clinical immunology 2005) 3 23 45 58
  3. Risk of small-for-gestational age is associated with common anti-inflammatory cytokine polymorphisms. (PMID: 15951665) Engel SA … Chanock SJ (Epidemiology (Cambridge, Mass.) 2005) 3 23 45 58
  4. Molecular cloning, nucleotide sequence, and expression of the gene encoding human eosinophil differentiation factor (interleukin 5). (PMID: 3498940) Campbell HD … Young IG (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America 1987) 2 3 4 58
  5. Structure analysis of the IL-5 ligand-receptor complex reveals a wrench-like architecture for IL-5Rα. (PMID: 22153509) Patino E … Mueller TD (Structure (London, England : 1993) 2011) 3 4 58

Products for IL5 Gene

Sources for IL5 Gene