The protein encoded by this gene is a pleiotropic cytokine produced by activated T cells. This cytokine is a ligand for interleukin 4 receptor. The interleukin 4 receptor also binds to IL13, which may contribute to many overlapping functions of this cytokine and IL13. STAT6, a signal transducer and activator of transcription, has been shown to play a central role in mediating t... See more...

Aliases for IL4 Gene

Aliases for IL4 Gene

  • Interleukin 4 2 3 5
  • Lymphocyte Stimulatory Factor 1 2 3 4
  • B_cell Stimulatory Factor 1 2 3
  • B Cell Growth Factor 1 2 3
  • Interleukin-4 3 4
  • Binetrakin 3 4
  • Pitrakinra 3 4
  • BSF-1 3 4
  • IL-4 3 4
  • B-Cell Stimulatory Factor 1 4
  • Interleukin 4 Variant 2 3
  • BCGF-1 3
  • BCGF1 3
  • BSF1 3

External Ids for IL4 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for IL4 Gene

  • GC05P131531
  • GC05P132456
  • GC05P132041
  • GC05P132085
  • GC05P132037
  • GC05P132009
  • GC05P127201

Summaries for IL4 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for IL4 Gene

  • The protein encoded by this gene is a pleiotropic cytokine produced by activated T cells. This cytokine is a ligand for interleukin 4 receptor. The interleukin 4 receptor also binds to IL13, which may contribute to many overlapping functions of this cytokine and IL13. STAT6, a signal transducer and activator of transcription, has been shown to play a central role in mediating the immune regulatory signal of this cytokine. This gene, IL3, IL5, IL13, and CSF2 form a cytokine gene cluster on chromosome 5q, with this gene particularly close to IL13. This gene, IL13 and IL5 are found to be regulated coordinately by several long-range regulatory elements in an over 120 kilobase range on the chromosome. Two alternatively spliced transcript variants of this gene encoding distinct isoforms have been reported. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]

GeneCards Summary for IL4 Gene

IL4 (Interleukin 4) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with IL4 include Schistosomiasis and Allergic Hypersensitivity Disease. Among its related pathways are Hematopoietic cell lineage and ERK Signaling. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include cytokine activity and cytokine receptor binding.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for IL4 Gene

  • Participates in at least several B-cell activation processes as well as of other cell types (PubMed:3016727). It is a costimulator of DNA-synthesis. It induces the expression of class II MHC molecules on resting B-cells. It enhances both secretion and cell surface expression of IgE and IgG1. It also regulates the expression of the low affinity Fc receptor for IgE (CD23) on both lymphocytes and monocytes. Positively regulates IL31RA expression in macrophages (By similarity). Stimulates autophagy in dendritic cells by interfering with mTORC1 signaling and through the induction of RUFY4 (By similarity).

Gene Wiki entry for IL4 Gene

Additional gene information for IL4 Gene

No data available for CIViC Summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , Rfam classification and piRNA Summary for IL4 Gene

Genomics for IL4 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for IL4 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for IL4 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
Score
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH05J132674 Promoter/Enhancer 1.2 Ensembl ENCODE 500.7 +0.8 848 1.7 SIN3A SP1 JUND FOS EP300 TRIM22 POLR2A BCL11A TCF12 NFIC IL4 KIF3A LOC105379176
GH05J132673 Promoter 0.7 EPDnew 500.7 0.0 -16 0.1 ZBTB17 E2F6 TFDP1 GABPB1 L3MBTL2 MAX TAF1 ZNF592 SCRT2 MGA IL4 TH2LCRR
GH05J133048 Promoter/Enhancer 2.4 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE CraniofacialAtlas dbSUPER 34.3 +377.3 377280 5.9 ZBTB40 ZNF217 EP300 SIN3A TCF12 NRF1 POLR2G USF1 SP1 NCOR1 HSPA4 ENSG00000279691 ENSG00000286408 lnc-ZCCHC10-2 AFF4 IL4 RAD50 ENSG00000224431 MIR3936 ENSG00000287054
GH05J132770 Promoter/Enhancer 2.2 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE CraniofacialAtlas dbSUPER 24.6 +100.5 100517 7.9 ZNF217 ZSCAN5C POLR2G PHF8 SIX5 TEAD4 ZFX ZNF10 ZIC2 POLR2A SEPTIN8 IL4 ENSG00000202533 CCNI2 KIF3A ENSG00000234290 AFF4 RAD50 SOWAHA SHROOM1
GH05J132484 Promoter/Enhancer 2.5 EPDnew FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE CraniofacialAtlas dbSUPER 20.6 -179.7 -179664 18.9 HNRNPK ZBTB40 ZNF217 CTCF NRF1 TCF12 MYC POLR2G NCOR1 GTF2E2 IRF1 AFF4 ENSG00000234290 ENSG00000202533 RAD50 IL4 SLC22A5 FNIP1 ENSG00000238160 SLC22A4
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around IL4 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cistromic (ChIP-Seq) regulation report from SPP (The Signaling Pathways Project) for IL4

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the IL4 gene promoter:
  • AML1a

Genomic Locations for IL4 Gene

Genomic Locations for IL4 Gene
chr5:132,673,986-132,682,678
(GRCh38/hg38)
Size:
8,693 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand
chr5:132,009,373-132,018,368
(GRCh37/hg19)
Size:
8,996 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for IL4 Gene

Genes around IL4 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
IL4 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for IL4 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for IL4 Gene

Proteins for IL4 Gene

  • Protein details for IL4 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P05112-IL4_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Interleukin-4
    Protein Accession:
    P05112
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q14630
    • Q6NZ77

    Protein attributes for IL4 Gene

    Size:
    153 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    17492 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for IL4 Gene

    Alternative splice isoforms for IL4 Gene

    UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

neXtProt entry for IL4 Gene

Post-translational modifications for IL4 Gene

  • Glycosylation at Asn62
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for IL4 Gene

Antibody Products

  • Abcam antibodies for IL4

Protein Products

  • Abcam proteins for IL4

Assay Products

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for IL4 Gene

Domains & Families for IL4 Gene

Gene Families for IL4 Gene

HGNC:
Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Cancer-related genes
  • Disease related genes
  • Plasma proteins
  • Predicted secreted proteins

Protein Domains for IL4 Gene

Blocks:
  • Interleukin-4/interleukin-13
InterPro:
ProtoNet:

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for IL4 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:
  • Interleukin 4 (B0JFA2_HUMAN)
  • Interleukin 4, isoform CRA_a (D4HNR6_HUMAN)
  • Pitrakinra (IL4_HUMAN)
  • Interleukin4 nirs variant1 (Q5FC01_HUMAN)
  • Interleukin 4, isoform 1 (Q6NWP0_HUMAN)

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

P05112

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

IL4_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the IL-4/IL-13 family.
Family:
  • Belongs to the IL-4/IL-13 family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with IL4: view

Function for IL4 Gene

Molecular function for IL4 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Participates in at least several B-cell activation processes as well as of other cell types (PubMed:3016727). It is a costimulator of DNA-synthesis. It induces the expression of class II MHC molecules on resting B-cells. It enhances both secretion and cell surface expression of IgE and IgG1. It also regulates the expression of the low affinity Fc receptor for IgE (CD23) on both lymphocytes and monocytes. Positively regulates IL31RA expression in macrophages (By similarity). Stimulates autophagy in dendritic cells by interfering with mTORC1 signaling and through the induction of RUFY4 (By similarity).
GENATLAS Biochemistry:
interleukin 4,15kDa,B-cell stimulating factor 1,important switch factor directing Ig-E synthesis

LifeMap Function Summary for IL4 Gene

It affects the following cells:
IL4 as growth factor is involved in stem cell differentiation protocols towards the derivation of the following cells:

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for IL4 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for IL4 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005125 cytokine activity IEA --
GO:0005126 cytokine receptor binding IEA --
GO:0005136 interleukin-4 receptor binding TAS,IEA 11418631
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 8266078
GO:0008083 growth factor activity NAS,IEA 11418631
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with IL4: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with IL4: view

Animal Models for IL4 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for IL4:

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for IL4

Clone Products

  • Addgene plasmids for IL4

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for IL4 Gene

Localization for IL4 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for IL4 Gene

Secreted.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for IL4 gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
plasma membrane 3
cytoskeleton 3
mitochondrion 3
nucleus 3
endoplasmic reticulum 3
endosome 3
cytosol 3
lysosome 3
peroxisome 2
golgi apparatus 2

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for IL4 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005576 extracellular region TAS,IEA --
GO:0005615 extracellular space TAS 11418631
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with IL4: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) for IL4 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for IL4 Gene

PathCards logo

SuperPathways for IL4 Gene

SuperPathway Contained pathways
1 PEDF Induced Signaling
.94
.94
.73
.71
.62
.61
.57
.51
.47
.46
.43
2 Allograft rejection
.44
.39
3 TGF-Beta Pathway
.60
.60
.57
.43
.40
4 Th17 cell differentiation
5 Akt Signaling
.60
.60
.55
genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with IL4: view

Pathways by source for IL4 Gene

3 GeneGo (Thomson Reuters) pathways for IL4 Gene
  • Immune response CD16 signaling in NK cells
  • Immune response IL-4 signaling pathway
  • Immune response TLR signaling pathways
30 Qiagen pathways for IL4 Gene
  • Akt Signaling
  • all-trans-Retinoic Acid Signaling in Brain
  • Antioxidant Action of Vitamin-C
  • Cytokine Network
  • Endothelin-1 Signaling Pathway
1 Cell Signaling Technology pathway for IL4 Gene

SIGNOR curated interactions for IL4 Gene

Activates:
Is activated by:
Is inactivated by:

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for IL4 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006955 immune response IEA,TAS 3016727
GO:0007165 signal transduction IEA --
GO:0008203 cholesterol metabolic process ISS 11971948
GO:0010628 positive regulation of gene expression ISS --
GO:0010633 negative regulation of epithelial cell migration IDA 11698262
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with IL4: view

Drugs & Compounds for IL4 Gene

(95) Drugs for IL4 Gene - From: DrugBank, PharmGKB, ClinicalTrials, ApexBio, and Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Histamine Approved, Investigational Pharma Full agonist, Agonist 1227
Montelukast Approved Pharma Antagonist 291
Calcitriol Approved Nutra TNF-α and IL-1β production inhibitor, Vitamin D receptor (VDR) agonist 235
Aspirin Approved, Vet_approved Pharma Channel blocker 1440
Coal tar Approved Pharma 293

(36) Additional Compounds for IL4 Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs

(2) ApexBio Compounds for IL4 Gene

Compound Action Cas Number
Calcitriol TNF-α and IL-1β production inhibitor 32222-06-3
Suplatast Tosylate 94055-76-2
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with IL4: view

Transcripts for IL4 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for IL4 Gene

3 REFSEQ mRNAs :
13 NCBI additional mRNA sequence :
4 Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links to gene/alias where relevant :

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for IL4

Clone Products

  • Addgene plasmids for IL4

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for IL4 Gene

ExUns: 1a · 1b ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4
SP1:
SP2: -

Relevant External Links for IL4 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
IL4

Expression for IL4 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and SAGE for IL4 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for IL4 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Pituitary (x4.7).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for IL4 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Cervix (69.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB and MOPED for IL4 Gene



Protein tissue co-expression partners for IL4 Gene

Transcriptomic regulation report from SPP (The Signaling Pathways Project) for IL4

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for IL4 Gene:

Hs.73917

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for IL4 Gene

  • Blood(4.8)
  • Spleen(3.7)
  • Lymph node(3.5)
  • Lung(3)
  • Skin(2.9)
  • Bone marrow(2.8)
  • Nervous system(2.6)
  • Intestine(2.5)
  • Liver(2.3)
  • Heart(2.1)
  • Kidney(2)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with IL4: view

No data available for mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for IL4 Gene

Orthologs for IL4 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of mammals.

Orthologs for IL4 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia IL4 31 30
  • 99.78 (n)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia IL4 31 30
  • 75.19 (n)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia IL4 31 30
  • 72.26 (n)
OneToOne
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Il4 30
  • 60.91 (n)
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Il4 17 31 30
  • 57.79 (n)
Species where no ortholog for IL4 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • oppossum (Monodelphis domestica)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)
  • zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Evolution for IL4 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for IL4 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for IL4 (if available)
Aminode:
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for IL4: view image

Paralogs for IL4 Gene

No data available for Paralogs for IL4 Gene

Variants for IL4 Gene

Sequence variations, with clinical significance, from ClinVar and Humsavar, with links to dbSNP for IL4 Gene

SNP ID Clinical significance and condition Chr 05 pos Variation AA Info Type
782744 Benign: not provided 132,679,863(+) C/T NON_CODING_TRANSCRIPT_VARIANT,SYNONYMOUS_VARIANT,THREE_PRIME_UTR_VARIANT
rs4986964 - p.Cys27Arg

Additional dbSNP identifiers (rs#s) for IL4 Gene

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for IL4 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
dgv28e197 CNV deletion 19546169
esv2348204 CNV deletion 18987734
esv2730791 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2730792 CNV deletion 23290073
esv2730793 CNV deletion 23290073
nsv528281 CNV gain 19592680
nsv529021 CNV loss 19592680

Variation tolerance for IL4 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 57.2% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.26; 5.83% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for IL4 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
IL4
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
IL4

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for IL4 Gene

Disorders for IL4 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(300) MalaCards diseases for IL4 Gene - From: DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards