Aliases for IL2 Gene
External Ids for IL2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for IL2 Gene
This gene is a member of the interleukin 2 (IL2) cytokine subfamily which includes IL4, IL7, IL9, IL15, IL21, erythropoietin, and thrombopoietin. The protein encoded by this gene is a secreted cytokine produced by activated CD4+ and CD8+ T lymphocytes, that is important for the proliferation of T and B lymphocytes. The receptor of this cytokine (IL2R) is a heterotrimeric protein complex whose gamma chain is also shared by IL4 and IL7. The expression of this gene in mature thymocytes is monoallelic, which represents an unusual regulatory mode for controlling the precise expression of a single gene. The targeted disruption of a similar gene in mice leads to ulcerative colitis-like disease, which suggests an essential role of this gene in the immune response to antigenic stimuli. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2020]
GeneCards Summary for IL2 Gene
IL2 (Interleukin 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with IL2 include Capillary Leak Syndrome and Tropical Spastic Paraparesis. Among its related pathways are RET signaling and Common Cytokine Receptor Gamma-Chain Family Signaling Pathways. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include carbohydrate binding and growth factor activity.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for IL2 Gene
Produced by T-cells in response to antigenic or mitogenic stimulation, this protein is required for T-cell proliferation and other activities crucial to regulation of the immune response. Can stimulate B-cells, monocytes, lymphokine-activated killer cells, natural killer cells, and glioma cells.
Cytokines are proteinaceous signaling compounds that are major mediators of the immune response. They control many different cellular functions including proliferation, differentiation and cell survival/apoptosis but are also involved in several pathophysiological processes.