Aliases for IL1RAP Gene
External Ids for IL1RAP Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for IL1RAP Gene
Interleukin 1 induces synthesis of acute phase and proinflammatory proteins during infection, tissue damage, or stress, by forming a complex at the cell membrane with an interleukin 1 receptor and an accessory protein. This gene encodes the interleukin 1 receptor accessory protein. The protein is a necessary part of the interleukin 1 receptor complex which initiates signalling events that result in the activation of interleukin 1-responsive genes. Alternative splicing of this gene results in two transcript variants encoding two different isoforms, one membrane-bound and one soluble. The ratio of soluble to membrane-bound forms increases during acute-phase induction or stress. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2009]
GeneCards Summary for IL1RAP Gene
IL1RAP (Interleukin 1 Receptor Accessory Protein) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with IL1RAP include Stromal Keratitis and Chromosome Xp21 Deletion Syndrome. Among its related pathways are Bacterial infections in CF airways and IL-1 signaling pathway. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include signal transducer activity and interleukin-1 receptor activity. An important paralog of this gene is IL1RAPL2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for IL1RAP Gene
Coreceptor for IL1RL2 in the IL-36 signaling system (By similarity). Coreceptor with IL1R1 in the IL-1 signaling system. Associates with IL1R1 bound to IL1B to form the high affinity interleukin-1 receptor complex which mediates interleukin-1-dependent activation of NF-kappa-B and other pathways. Signaling involves the recruitment of adapter molecules such as TOLLIP, MYD88, and IRAK1 or IRAK2 via the respective TIR domains of the receptor/coreceptor subunits. Recruits TOLLIP to the signaling complex. Does not bind to interleukin-1 alone; binding of IL1RN to IL1R1, prevents its association with IL1R1 to form a signaling complex. The cellular response is modulated through a non-signaling association with the membrane IL1R2 decoy receptor. Coreceptor for IL1RL1 in the IL-33 signaling system. Can bidirectionally induce pre- and postsynaptic differentiation of neurons by trans-synaptically binding to PTPRD (By similarity).
Isoform 2: Associates with secreted ligand-bound IL1R2 and increases the affinity of secreted IL1R2 for IL1B; this complex formation may be the dominant mechanism for neutralization of IL1B by secreted/soluble receptors (PubMed:12530978). Enhances the ability of secreted IL1R1 to inhibit IL-33 signaling (By similarity).
Isoform 4: Unable to mediate canonical IL-1 signaling (PubMed:19481478). Required for Src phosphorylation by IL1B. May be involved in IL1B-potentiated NMDA-induced calcium influx in neurons (By similarity).