Aliases for IL1RAP Gene
External Ids for IL1RAP Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for IL1RAP Gene
This gene encodes a component of the interleukin 1 receptor complex, which initiates signalling events that result in the activation of interleukin 1-responsive genes. Alternative splicing of this gene results in membrane-bound and soluble isoforms differing in their C-terminus. The ratio of soluble to membrane-bound forms increases during acute-phase induction or stress. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2018]
GeneCards Summary for IL1RAP Gene
IL1RAP (Interleukin 1 Receptor Accessory Protein) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with IL1RAP include Marginal Corneal Ulcer and Indolent Plasma Cell Myeloma. Among its related pathways are Toll Comparative Pathway and Cytokine Signaling in Immune system. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include obsolete signal transducer activity and interleukin-1 receptor activity. An important paralog of this gene is IL1RAPL2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for IL1RAP Gene
Coreceptor for IL1RL2 in the IL-36 signaling system (By similarity). Coreceptor with IL1R1 in the IL-1 signaling system. Associates with IL1R1 bound to IL1B to form the high affinity interleukin-1 receptor complex which mediates interleukin-1-dependent activation of NF-kappa-B and other pathways. Signaling involves the recruitment of adapter molecules such as TOLLIP, MYD88, and IRAK1 or IRAK2 via the respective TIR domains of the receptor/coreceptor subunits. Recruits TOLLIP to the signaling complex. Does not bind to interleukin-1 alone; binding of IL1RN to IL1R1, prevents its association with IL1R1 to form a signaling complex. The cellular response is modulated through a non-signaling association with the membrane IL1R2 decoy receptor. Coreceptor for IL1RL1 in the IL-33 signaling system. Can bidirectionally induce pre- and postsynaptic differentiation of neurons by trans-synaptically binding to PTPRD (By similarity). May play a role in IL1B-mediated costimulation of IFNG production from T-helper 1 (Th1) cells (Probable).
[Isoform 2]: Associates with secreted ligand-bound IL1R2 and increases the affinity of secreted IL1R2 for IL1B; this complex formation may be the dominant mechanism for neutralization of IL1B by secreted/soluble receptors (PubMed:12530978). Enhances the ability of secreted IL1R1 to inhibit IL-33 signaling (By similarity).
[Isoform 4]: Unable to mediate canonical IL-1 signaling (PubMed:19481478). Required for Src phosphorylation by IL1B. May be involved in IL1B-potentiated NMDA-induced calcium influx in neurons (By similarity).