Aliases for IFIT5 Gene
External Ids for IFIT5 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for IFIT5 Gene
GeneCards Summary for IFIT5 Gene
IFIT5 (Interferon Induced Protein With Tetratricopeptide Repeats 5) is a Protein Coding gene. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include tRNA binding. An important paralog of this gene is IFIT1B.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for IFIT5 Gene
Interferon-induced RNA-binding protein involved in the human innate immune response. Has a broad and adaptable RNA structure recognition important for RNA recognition specificity in antiviral defense. Binds precursor and processed tRNAs as well as poly-U-tailed tRNA fragments (PubMed:25092312, PubMed:23317505, PubMed:23774268). Specifically binds single-stranded RNA bearing a 5'-triphosphate group (PPP-RNA), thereby acting as a sensor of viral single-stranded RNAs. Single-stranded PPP-RNAs, which lack 2'-O-methylation of the 5' cap and bear a 5'-triphosphate group instead, are specific from viruses, providing a molecular signature to distinguish between self and non-self mRNAs by the host during viral infection. Directly binds PPP-RNA in a non-sequence-specific manner (PubMed:23334420). Also recognizes and selectively binds AT-rich dsDNA (PubMed:23774268). Additionally, as a mediator in innate immunity, regulates positively IKK-NFKB signaling by sinergizing the recruitment of IKK to MAP3K7 (PubMed:26334375).