Aliases for IFIT1 Gene
External Ids for IFIT1 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for IFIT1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for IFIT1 Gene
This gene encodes a protein containing tetratricopeptide repeats that was originally identified as induced upon treatment with interferon. The encoded protein may inhibit viral replication and translational initiation. This gene is located in a cluster on chromosome 10 with five other closely related genes. There is a pseudogene for this gene on chromosome 13. Alternatively spliced transcript variants encoding multiple isoforms have been observed. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2012]
GeneCards Summary for IFIT1 Gene
IFIT1 (Interferon Induced Protein With Tetratricopeptide Repeats 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with IFIT1 include Microphthalmia With Limb Anomalies and Von Willebrand Disease, Type 2. Among its related pathways are Interferon gamma signaling and Cytokine Signaling in Immune system. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include RNA binding. An important paralog of this gene is IFIT1B.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for IFIT1 Gene
Interferon-induced antiviral RNA-binding protein that specifically binds single-stranded RNA bearing a 5'-triphosphate group (PPP-RNA), thereby acting as a sensor of viral single-stranded RNAs and inhibiting expression of viral messenger RNAs. Single-stranded PPP-RNAs, which lack 2'-O-methylation of the 5' cap and bear a 5'-triphosphate group instead, are specific from viruses, providing a molecular signature to distinguish between self and non-self mRNAs by the host during viral infection. Directly binds PPP-RNA in a non-sequence-specific manner. Viruses evolved several ways to evade this restriction system such as encoding their own 2'-O-methylase for their mRNAs or by stealing host cap containing the 2'-O-methylation (cap snatching mechanism). Exhibits antiviral activity against several viruses including human papilloma and hepatitis C viruses.