Aliases for IDO1 Gene
External Ids for IDO1 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for IDO1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for IDO1 Gene
This gene encodes indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) - a heme enzyme that catalyzes the first and rate-limiting step in tryptophan catabolism to N-formyl-kynurenine. This enzyme acts on multiple tryptophan substrates including D-tryptophan, L-tryptophan, 5-hydroxy-tryptophan, tryptamine, and serotonin. This enzyme is thought to play a role in a variety of pathophysiological processes such as antimicrobial and antitumor defense, neuropathology, immunoregulation, and antioxidant activity. Through its expression in dendritic cells, monocytes, and macrophages this enzyme modulates T-cell behavior by its peri-cellular catabolization of the essential amino acid tryptophan.[provided by RefSeq, Feb 2011]
GeneCards Summary for IDO1 Gene
IDO1 (Indoleamine 2,3-Dioxygenase 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with IDO1 include Listeriosis and Trypanosomiasis. Among its related pathways are Histidine, lysine, phenylalanine, tyrosine, proline and tryptophan catabolism and superpathway of tryptophan utilization. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include heme binding and tryptophan 2,3-dioxygenase activity.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for IDO1 Gene
Catalyzes the first and rate limiting step of the catabolism of the essential amino acid tryptophan along the kynurenine pathway (PubMed:17671174). Involved in the peripheral immune tolerance, contributing to maintain homeostasis by preventing autoimmunity or immunopathology that would result from uncontrolled and overreacting immune responses (PubMed:25691885). Tryptophan shortage inhibits T lymphocytes division and accumulation of tryptophan catabolites induces T-cell apoptosis and differentiation of regulatory T-cells (PubMed:25691885). Acts as a suppressor of anti-tumor immunity (PubMed:23103127, PubMed:25157255, PubMed:14502282, PubMed:25691885). Limits the growth of intracellular pathogens by depriving tryptophan (PubMed:25691885). Protects the fetus from maternal immune rejection (PubMed:25691885).