Aliases for HSPA2 Gene
External Ids for HSPA2 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for HSPA2 Gene
GeneCards Summary for HSPA2 Gene
HSPA2 (Heat Shock Protein Family A (Hsp70) Member 2) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with HSPA2 include Crohn's Disease and Varicocele. Among its related pathways are Cell Cycle, Mitotic and Cellular response to heat stress. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include enzyme binding and glycolipid binding. An important paralog of this gene is HSPA8.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for HSPA2 Gene
Molecular chaperone implicated in a wide variety of cellular processes, including protection of the proteome from stress, folding and transport of newly synthesized polypeptides, activation of proteolysis of misfolded proteins and the formation and dissociation of protein complexes. Plays a pivotal role in the protein quality control system, ensuring the correct folding of proteins, the re-folding of misfolded proteins and controlling the targeting of proteins for subsequent degradation. This is achieved through cycles of ATP binding, ATP hydrolysis and ADP release, mediated by co-chaperones. The affinity for polypeptides is regulated by its nucleotide bound state. In the ATP-bound form, it has a low affinity for substrate proteins. However, upon hydrolysis of the ATP to ADP, it undergoes a conformational change that increases its affinity for substrate proteins. It goes through repeated cycles of ATP hydrolysis and nucleotide exchange, which permits cycles of substrate binding and release (PubMed:26865365). Plays a role in spermatogenesis. In association with SHCBP1L may participate in the maintenance of spindle integrity during meiosis in male germ cells (By similarity).