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Aliases for HORMAD2 Gene

Aliases for HORMAD2 Gene

  • HORMA Domain Containing 2 2 3 5
  • HORMA Domain-Containing Protein 2 3 4
  • CT46.2 3

External Ids for HORMAD2 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for HORMAD2 Gene

  • GC22P028802
  • GC22P030479
  • GC22P013438

Summaries for HORMAD2 Gene

GeneCards Summary for HORMAD2 Gene

HORMAD2 (HORMA Domain Containing 2) is a Protein Coding gene. An important paralog of this gene is HORMAD1.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for HORMAD2 Gene

  • Essential for synapsis surveillance during meiotic prophase via the recruitment of ATR activity. Plays a key role in the male mid-pachytene checkpoint and the female meiotic prophase checkpoint: required for efficient build-up of ATR activity on unsynapsed chromosome regions, a process believed to form the basis of meiotic silencing of unsynapsed chromatin (MSUC) and meiotic prophase quality control in both sexes. Required for the DNA double-strand break-independent, BRCA1-dependent activation of ATR on the sex chromosomes that is essential for normal sex body formation (By similarity).

Gene Wiki entry for HORMAD2 Gene

Additional gene information for HORMAD2 Gene

No data available for Entrez Gene Summary , CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for HORMAD2 Gene

Genomics for HORMAD2 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for HORMAD2 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for HORMAD2 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
Score
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH22J030078 Promoter/Enhancer 1.7 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 600.7 -0.5 -458 2 RELA SP1 IKZF1 RXRA PRDM10 IKZF2 EED OSR2 RUNX3 ELF1 HORMAD2-AS1 HORMAD2 ASCC2 CNN2P1
GH22J030054 Enhancer 1 Ensembl ENCODE 13 -25.5 -25468 0.8 CEBPG NCOA3 HNF1A PPARG HMG20B PKNOX1 SOX13 PRDM10 GATAD2A RXRB ASCC2 HORMAD2 HORMAD2-AS1 RNU5F-5P LIF CNN2P1
GH22J030038 Enhancer 1 Ensembl ENCODE 12.4 -45.0 -44968 8.2 SP7 SP1 PRDM1 FOSL2 CREB1 GLIS2 RXRA IKZF1 ZNF600 ZEB2 HORMAD2-AS1 MTMR3 ASCC2 HORMAD2 RNU5F-5P LIF LIF-AS1 PIR57677 GC22M030048
GH22J030088 Enhancer 0.9 Ensembl ENCODE 0.4 +9.3 9318 1.2 CC2D1A ZNF652 CTCF ZNF384 RAD21 ZNF143 REST ZNF629 TRIM22 CEBPB ASCC2 LIF HORMAD2 HORMAD2-AS1 RPL36P17
GH22J030108 Enhancer 1 Ensembl ENCODE 0.3 +28.9 28890 1.3 MTA3 CC2D1A ZNF121 ZNF384 ZSCAN21 CTCF SP7 PRDM1 MLLT1 RAD21 ASCC2 HORMAD2-AS1 EWSR1 TUG1 RPL36P17 RPS3AP51 HORMAD2
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around HORMAD2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the HORMAD2 gene promoter:
  • aMEF-2
  • c-Myb
  • IRF-7A
  • MEF-2A
  • Nkx2-5
  • POU2F2C
  • POU6F1 (c2)
  • RORalpha1
  • RORalpha2
  • S8

Genomic Locations for HORMAD2 Gene

Genomic Locations for HORMAD2 Gene
chr22:30,080,069-30,210,882
(GRCh38/hg38)
Size:
130,814 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand
chr22:30,476,163-30,573,064
(GRCh37/hg19)
Size:
96,902 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand

Genomic View for HORMAD2 Gene

Genes around HORMAD2 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
HORMAD2 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for HORMAD2 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for HORMAD2 Gene

Proteins for HORMAD2 Gene

  • Protein details for HORMAD2 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q8N7B1-HORM2_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    HORMA domain-containing protein 2
    Protein Accession:
    Q8N7B1
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B5MEB2
    • Q8NHR2

    Protein attributes for HORMAD2 Gene

    Size:
    307 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    35284 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • Interacts with HORMAD1.

neXtProt entry for HORMAD2 Gene

Post-translational modifications for HORMAD2 Gene

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for HORMAD2 Gene

Domains & Families for HORMAD2 Gene

Gene Families for HORMAD2 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Protein Domains for HORMAD2 Gene

Blocks:
InterPro:
ProtoNet:

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for HORMAD2 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:
  • HORMA domain-containing protein 2 (HORM2_HUMAN)

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

genes like me logo Genes that share domains with HORMAD2: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for HORMAD2 Gene

Function for HORMAD2 Gene

Molecular function for HORMAD2 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Essential for synapsis surveillance during meiotic prophase via the recruitment of ATR activity. Plays a key role in the male mid-pachytene checkpoint and the female meiotic prophase checkpoint: required for efficient build-up of ATR activity on unsynapsed chromosome regions, a process believed to form the basis of meiotic silencing of unsynapsed chromatin (MSUC) and meiotic prophase quality control in both sexes. Required for the DNA double-strand break-independent, BRCA1-dependent activation of ATR on the sex chromosomes that is essential for normal sex body formation (By similarity).

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for HORMAD2 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with HORMAD2: view

Animal Models for HORMAD2 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for HORMAD2:

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

Clone Products

  • Applied Biological Materials (abm): Clones for HORMAD2 - Now 50% OFF >
  • * HORMAD2 as ready-to-use vector or virus: ORF | Lenti- | Retro- | Adeno- | AAV- | Protein Vector - Browse All
  • * HORMAD2 tags and reporters available: His, HA, Myc, Flag, GFP, RFP, Luciferase - Browse All

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for HORMAD2 Gene

Localization for HORMAD2 Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for HORMAD2 Gene

Nucleus. Chromosome. Note=Preferentially localizes to unsynapsed or desynapsed chromosomal regions during the male and female prophase I stage of meiosis. TRIP13 is required for depletion from synapsed chromosomes (By similarity). {ECO:0000250}.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for HORMAD2 gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 4
extracellular 1
mitochondrion 1
cytosol 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for HORMAD2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000795 synaptonemal complex IEA --
GO:0005634 nucleus ISS --
GO:0005694 chromosome ISS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with HORMAD2: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) for HORMAD2 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for HORMAD2 Gene

PathCards logo

SuperPathways for HORMAD2 Gene

No Data Available

Interacting Proteins for HORMAD2 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for HORMAD2 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0051177 meiotic sister chromatid cohesion ISS --
GO:0051321 meiotic cell cycle ISS --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with HORMAD2: view

No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for HORMAD2 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for HORMAD2 Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for HORMAD2 Gene

mRNA/cDNA for HORMAD2 Gene

Unigene Clusters for HORMAD2 Gene

HORMA domain containing 2:
Representative Sequences:

CRISPR Products

Clone Products

  • Applied Biological Materials (abm): Clones for HORMAD2 - Now 50% OFF >
  • * HORMAD2 as ready-to-use vector or virus: ORF | Lenti- | Retro- | Adeno- | AAV- | Protein Vector - Browse All
  • * HORMAD2 tags and reporters available: His, HA, Myc, Flag, GFP, RFP, Luciferase - Browse All

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for HORMAD2 Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for HORMAD2 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
HORMAD2
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
HORMAD2

Expression for HORMAD2 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for HORMAD2 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for HORMAD2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Testis (x43.3).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for HORMAD2 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Testis (69.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB and MOPED for HORMAD2 Gene



Protein tissue co-expression partners for HORMAD2 Gene

- Elite partner

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of HORMAD2 Gene:

HORMAD2

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for HORMAD2 Gene:

Hs.120391

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for HORMAD2 Gene:

Q8N7B1-HORM2_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Highly expressed in testis (at protein level). Expressed in lung adenocarcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma (at protein level). Expressed at lower levels in the liver, brain and kidney.
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with HORMAD2: view

No data available for Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for HORMAD2 Gene

Orthologs for HORMAD2 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of animals and fungi.

Orthologs for HORMAD2 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia HORMAD2 35 34
  • 99.57 (n)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia HORMAD2 35 34
  • 90.82 (n)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia HORMAD2 35
  • 85 (a)
OneToOne
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Hormad2 17 35 34
  • 83.28 (n)
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia HORMAD2 35
  • 69 (a)
OneToOne
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia HORMAD2 35
  • 30 (a)
OneToOne
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves HORMAD2 35 34
  • 68.66 (n)
OneToOne
zebrafish
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii zte38 35
  • 38 (a)
ManyToMany
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes HOP1 35
  • 9 (a)
OneToMany
Species where no ortholog for HORMAD2 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rat (Rattus norvegicus)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)

Evolution for HORMAD2 Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for HORMAD2 (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for HORMAD2 (if available)
Aminode:
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for HORMAD2: view image

Paralogs for HORMAD2 Gene

Paralogs for HORMAD2 Gene

(1) SIMAP similar genes for HORMAD2 Gene using alignment to 2 proteins:

  • HORM2_HUMAN
  • F8WES9_HUMAN
genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with HORMAD2: view

Variants for HORMAD2 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for HORMAD2 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 22 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1000010554 -- 30,095,752(+) A/G genic_upstream_transcript_variant, intron_variant
rs1000035383 -- 30,137,073(+) T/C genic_downstream_transcript_variant, intron_variant
rs1000044166 -- 30,186,631(+) G/A genic_downstream_transcript_variant, intron_variant
rs1000090365 -- 30,136,811(+) C/ genic_downstream_transcript_variant, intron_variant
rs1000094448 -- 30,157,789(+) G/A genic_downstream_transcript_variant, intron_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for HORMAD2 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv2663065 CNV deletion 23128226
nsv1110864 OTHER inversion 24896259
nsv1119500 CNV insertion 24896259
nsv191239 CNV insertion 16902084
nsv507932 OTHER sequence alteration 20534489
nsv527188 CNV gain 19592680
nsv588884 CNV loss 21841781
nsv834173 CNV loss 17160897
nsv966100 CNV duplication 23825009

Variation tolerance for HORMAD2 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 77.6% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 2.35; 41.74% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for HORMAD2 Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
HORMAD2

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for HORMAD2 Gene

Disorders for HORMAD2 Gene

Additional Disease Information for HORMAD2

Genetic Association Database
(GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
(HuGE)
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology

No disorders were found for HORMAD2 Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for HORMAD2 Gene

Publications for HORMAD2 Gene

  1. HORMAD2 is essential for synapsis surveillance during meiotic prophase via the recruitment of ATR activity. (PMID: 23039116) Kogo H … Kurahashi H (Genes to cells : devoted to molecular & cellular mechanisms 2012) 2 3 58
  2. HORMAD2/CT46.2, a novel cancer/testis gene, is ectopically expressed in lung cancer tissues. (PMID: 22893617) Liu M … Sha J (Molecular human reproduction 2012) 3 4 58
  3. Genome-wide association study identifies susceptibility loci for IgA nephropathy. (PMID: 21399633) Gharavi AG … Lifton RP (Nature genetics 2011) 3 45 58
  4. Association between genome-wide association studies reported SNPs and pediatric-onset Crohn's disease in Canadian children. (PMID: 20473688) Amre DK … Levy E (Human genetics 2010) 3 45 58
  5. Common variants at five new loci associated with early-onset inflammatory bowel disease. (PMID: 19915574) Imielinski M … Hakonarson H (Nature genetics 2009) 3 45 58

Products for HORMAD2 Gene

Sources for HORMAD2 Gene

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