Aliases for HNRNPC Gene
External Ids for HNRNPC Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for HNRNPC Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for HNRNPC Gene
This gene belongs to the subfamily of ubiquitously expressed heterogeneous nuclear ribonucleoproteins (hnRNPs). The hnRNPs are RNA binding proteins and they complex with heterogeneous nuclear RNA (hnRNA). These proteins are associated with pre-mRNAs in the nucleus and appear to influence pre-mRNA processing and other aspects of mRNA metabolism and transport. While all of the hnRNPs are present in the nucleus, some seem to shuttle between the nucleus and the cytoplasm. The hnRNP proteins have distinct nucleic acid binding properties. The protein encoded by this gene can act as a tetramer and is involved in the assembly of 40S hnRNP particles. Multiple transcript variants encoding at least two different isoforms have been described for this gene. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for HNRNPC Gene
HNRNPC (Heterogeneous Nuclear Ribonucleoprotein C) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with HNRNPC include Mixed Connective Tissue Disease and Oculopharyngeal Muscular Dystrophy. Among its related pathways are mRNA Splicing - Major Pathway and SUMOylation. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include nucleic acid binding and identical protein binding. An important paralog of this gene is HNRNPCL1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for HNRNPC Gene
Binds pre-mRNA and nucleates the assembly of 40S hnRNP particles (PubMed:8264621). Interacts with poly-U tracts in the 3'-UTR or 5'-UTR of mRNA and modulates the stability and the level of translation of bound mRNA molecules (PubMed:12509468, PubMed:16010978, PubMed:7567451, PubMed:8264621). Single HNRNPC tetramers bind 230-240 nucleotides. Trimers of HNRNPC tetramers bind 700 nucleotides (PubMed:8264621). May play a role in the early steps of spliceosome assembly and pre-mRNA splicing. N6-methyladenosine (m6A) has been shown to alter the local structure in mRNAs and long non-coding RNAs (lncRNAs) via a mechanism named 'm(6)A-switch', facilitating binding of HNRNPC, leading to regulation of mRNA splicing (PubMed:25719671).