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Aliases for HKDC1 Gene

Aliases for HKDC1 Gene

  • Hexokinase Domain Containing 1 2 3 5
  • EC 4 56
  • Hexokinase Domain-Containing Protein 1 4
  • EC 2.7.1 56

External Ids for HKDC1 Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for HKDC1 Gene

  • GC10U900457
  • GC10P070651
  • GC10P070980
  • GC10P064980

Summaries for HKDC1 Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for HKDC1 Gene

  • This gene encodes a member of the hexokinase protein family. The encoded protein is involved in glucose metabolism, and reduced expression may be associated with gestational diabetes mellitus. High expression of this gene may also be associated with poor prognosis in hepatocarcinoma. [provided by RefSeq, Sep 2016]

GeneCards Summary for HKDC1 Gene

HKDC1 (Hexokinase Domain Containing 1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with HKDC1 include Gestational Diabetes and Diabetes Mellitus. Among its related pathways are Amino sugar and nucleotide sugar metabolism and HIF-1 signaling pathway. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include phosphotransferase activity, alcohol group as acceptor and glucokinase activity. An important paralog of this gene is HK1.

Additional gene information for HKDC1 Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for HKDC1 Gene

Genomics for HKDC1 Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for HKDC1 Gene

Promoters and enhancers for HKDC1 Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH10I069219 Promoter/Enhancer 1.9 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 565.6 +3.0 2967 7.5 HDGF PKNOX1 SMAD1 FOXA2 ARID4B DMAP1 ZNF2 IRF4 ZNF766 ZNF143 HKDC1 SUPV3L1 CCAR1 DDX50 HNRNPH3 SAR1A ENSG00000231748 HK1 RPL26P27 LOC101928994
GH10I069315 Promoter/Enhancer 2.5 EPDnew FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 10.3 +98.4 98395 7.2 HDGF PKNOX1 SMAD1 FOXA2 ARNT SIN3A ZNF2 POLR2B ZNF213 E2F8 HK1 TYSND1 DDX50 DDX21 ENSG00000231748 CCAR1 HKDC1 SAR1A FAM241B RPS15AP28
GH10I069179 Promoter/Enhancer 2.1 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 12.2 -39.6 -39644 3.3 CLOCK MLX DMAP1 IRF4 YY1 SLC30A9 ZNF213 E2F8 ZNF143 SP3 SUPV3L1 CCAR1 DDX50 HNRNPH3 TYSND1 SAR1A DDX21 RPL26P27 VPS26A HKDC1
GH10I069213 Enhancer 1.7 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 14.1 -4.2 -4234 5.3 PKNOX1 FOXA2 ARNT ZNF766 E2F8 FOS KLF13 SP3 ZNF592 SMARCA4 HKDC1 LOC102723350 ENSG00000231748 HK1 TYSND1 SUPV3L1 SRGN VPS26A DDX21 LOC101928994
GH10I069407 Promoter/Enhancer 2 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 11 +189.2 189242 3.8 PKNOX1 CLOCK ARNT ARID4B SIN3A ZNF2 POLR2B ZNF766 ZNF213 E2F8 CCAR1 DDX50 TACR2 HK1 SAR1A HKDC1 ENSG00000231748 RPL26P27 TSPAN15 SRGN
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

GeneHancers around HKDC1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the HKDC1 gene promoter:

Genomic Locations for HKDC1 Gene

Genomic Locations for HKDC1 Gene
47,257 bases
Plus strand

Genomic View for HKDC1 Gene

Genes around HKDC1 on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
HKDC1 Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for HKDC1 Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for HKDC1 Gene

Proteins for HKDC1 Gene

  • Protein details for HKDC1 Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Recommended name:
    Putative hexokinase HKDC1
    Protein Accession:
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B5MDN9
    • Q2TB91
    • Q5VTC7
    • Q7Z373
    • Q8WU37
    • Q96EH2
    • Q9H5Y9

    Protein attributes for HKDC1 Gene

    917 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    102545 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available
    • Sequence=AAH21278.1; Type=Frameshift; Positions=457; Evidence={ECO:0000305}; Sequence=BAB15478.1; Type=Frameshift; Positions=345; Evidence={ECO:0000305};

    Alternative splice isoforms for HKDC1 Gene


neXtProt entry for HKDC1 Gene

Selected DME Specific Peptides for HKDC1 Gene


Post-translational modifications for HKDC1 Gene

  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus
  • Modification sites at neXtProt

Other Protein References for HKDC1 Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

Domains & Families for HKDC1 Gene

Gene Families for HKDC1 Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Enzymes
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Protein Domains for HKDC1 Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for HKDC1 Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry



  • Belongs to the hexokinase family.
  • Belongs to the hexokinase family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with HKDC1: view

Function for HKDC1 Gene

Molecular function for HKDC1 Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot CatalyticActivity:
ATP + D-hexose = ADP + D-hexose 6-phosphate.

Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) for HKDC1 Gene

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for HKDC1 Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for HKDC1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0004340 glucokinase activity IBA --
GO:0004396 hexokinase activity IEA --
GO:0005524 ATP binding IEA --
GO:0005536 glucose binding IEA --
GO:0008865 fructokinase activity IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with HKDC1: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with HKDC1: view

Animal Models for HKDC1 Gene

MGI Knock Outs for HKDC1:

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for HKDC1

miRNA for HKDC1 Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target HKDC1

Clone Products

  • Addgene plasmids for HKDC1

No data available for Human Phenotype Ontology , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for HKDC1 Gene

Localization for HKDC1 Gene

Subcellular locations from

Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for HKDC1 gene
Compartment Confidence
mitochondrion 5
cytosol 4
extracellular 1
peroxisome 1
nucleus 1

Subcellular locations from the

Human Protein Atlas (HPA)

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for HKDC1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005739 mitochondrion IDA --
GO:0005829 cytosol IBA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with HKDC1: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for HKDC1 Gene

Pathways & Interactions for HKDC1 Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with HKDC1: view

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Q2TB90-HKDC1_HUMAN

  • Pathway: Carbohydrate metabolism; hexose metabolism.

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for HKDC1 Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0001678 cellular glucose homeostasis IBA --
GO:0005975 carbohydrate metabolic process IEA --
GO:0006096 glycolytic process IBA --
GO:0016310 phosphorylation IEA --
GO:0019318 hexose metabolic process IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with HKDC1: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for HKDC1 Gene

Drugs & Compounds for HKDC1 Gene

(10) Drugs for HKDC1 Gene - From: HMDB

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
D-glucose Approved Pharma 0
Galactose Approved, Investigational Pharma 0
Glucosamine Approved, Investigational Nutra 211
Beta-D-Glucose Experimental Pharma 0
beta-D-glucose 6-phosphate Experimental Pharma 0

(4) Additional Compounds for HKDC1 Gene - From: HMDB

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
  • Adenosindiphosphorsaeure
  • Adenosine 5'-pyrophosphate
  • Adenosine diphosphate
  • Adenosine pyrophosphate
  • Adenosine-5'-diphosphate
Full agonist, Agonist 58-64-0
  • a-D-Glucopyranose
  • a-D-Glucose
  • a-Dextrose
  • a-Glucose
  • alpha-D-Glucopyranose
Beta-D-Fructose 6-phosphate
  • beta-D-Fructose 6-phosphate
  • beta-D-Arabino-hexulose
  • beta-D-Fructofuranose
  • beta-D-Fructose
  • beta-delta-Arabino-hexulose
  • beta-delta-Fructofuranose
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with HKDC1: view

Transcripts for HKDC1 Gene

Unigene Clusters for HKDC1 Gene

Hexokinase domain containing 1:
Representative Sequences:

Clone Products

  • Addgene plasmids for HKDC1

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for HKDC1 Gene

ExUns: 1 ^ 2 ^ 3 ^ 4a · 4b ^ 5 ^ 6 ^ 7 ^ 8a · 8b ^ 9a · 9b ^ 10a · 10b ^ 11 ^ 12 ^ 13 ^ 14 ^ 15 ^ 16 ^ 17 ^ 18 ^ 19 ^ 20
SP1: - - -
SP2: -

Relevant External Links for HKDC1 Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for

Expression for HKDC1 Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for HKDC1 Gene

mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for HKDC1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Small Intestine - Terminal Ileum (x15.6), Kidney - Cortex (x9.4), and Colon - Transverse (x4.2).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for HKDC1 Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Nasal epithelium (25.5), Brain (16.4), and Retina (11.9).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB, PaxDb, MaxQB, and MOPED for HKDC1 Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of HKDC1 Gene:


SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for HKDC1 Gene:


Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for HKDC1 Gene

  • Eye(4.5)
  • Liver(4.3)
  • Intestine(4.2)
  • Kidney(4.2)
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with HKDC1: view

No data available for Protein tissue co-expression partners , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for HKDC1 Gene

Orthologs for HKDC1 Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for HKDC1 Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia HKDC1 33 34
  • 97.48 (n)
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia HKDC1 33 34
  • 89.35 (n)
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia HKDC1 33 34
  • 88.95 (n)
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia HKDC1 34
  • 88 (a)
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Hkdc1 33 16 34
  • 86.76 (n)
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia HKDC1 34
  • 75 (a)
(Gallus gallus)
Aves HKDC1 33 34
  • 75.37 (n)
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia HKDC1 34
  • 83 (a)
tropical clawed frog
(Silurana tropicalis)
Amphibia hkdc1 33
  • 71.99 (n)
(Danio rerio)
Actinopterygii hkdc1 33 34
  • 69.94 (n)
fruit fly
(Drosophila melanogaster)
Insecta Hex-C 34
  • 40 (a)
Hex-A 34
  • 38 (a)
Hex-t2 34
  • 37 (a)
(Caenorhabditis elegans)
Secernentea F14B4.2 34
  • 44 (a)
baker's yeast
(Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
Saccharomycetes HXK1 34
  • 31 (a)
EMI2 34
  • 30 (a)
GLK1 34
  • 30 (a)
HXK2 34 36
  • 30 (a)
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os05g0187100 33
  • 50.97 (n)
sea squirt
(Ciona savignyi)
Ascidiacea CSA.11095 34
  • 47 (a)
Species where no ortholog for HKDC1 was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rat (Rattus norvegicus)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)

Evolution for HKDC1 Gene

Gene Tree for HKDC1 (if available)
Gene Tree for HKDC1 (if available)

Paralogs for HKDC1 Gene

Paralogs for HKDC1 Gene

(5) SIMAP similar genes for HKDC1 Gene using alignment to 1 proteins:

genes like me logo Genes that share paralogs with HKDC1: view

Variants for HKDC1 Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for HKDC1 Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 10 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs202105296 uncertain-significance, Keratoconus 1 69,243,340(+) G/A coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant, non_coding_transcript_variant
rs796052175 likely-benign, Long QT syndrome 69,246,204(+) T/A coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant, non_coding_transcript_variant
rs1000064595 -- 69,255,438(+) G/A/C intron_variant
rs1000065133 -- 69,265,942(+) G/A genic_downstream_transcript_variant, intron_variant
rs1000077165 -- 69,219,634(+) C/T upstream_transcript_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for HKDC1 Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv2407805 CNV deletion 18987734
esv2462035 CNV deletion 19546169
esv2738095 CNV deletion 23290073
esv3546471 CNV deletion 23714750
esv3686 CNV loss 18987735
esv3891855 CNV loss 25118596
esv6582 CNV loss 19470904
nsv1069495 CNV deletion 25765185
nsv1127119 CNV deletion 24896259
nsv1146775 CNV deletion 26484159
nsv508589 CNV deletion 20534489
nsv551452 CNV loss 21841781
nsv958335 CNV deletion 24416366

Variation tolerance for HKDC1 Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 22% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 9.05; 87.56% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for HKDC1 Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for HKDC1 Gene

Disorders for HKDC1 Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(2) MalaCards diseases for HKDC1 Gene - From: HGMD, DISEASES, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
gestational diabetes
  • gdm
diabetes mellitus
  • diabetes
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search HKDC1 in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

Additional Disease Information for HKDC1

Genetic Association Database
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with HKDC1: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for HKDC1 Gene

Publications for HKDC1 Gene

  1. Personalized smoking cessation: interactions between nicotine dose, dependence and quit-success genotype score. (PMID: 20379614) Rose JE … Uhl GR (Molecular medicine (Cambridge, Mass.) 2010) 3 44 58
  2. Case-control genome-wide association study of attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. (PMID: 20732627) Neale BM … IMAGE II Consortium Group (Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 2010) 3 44 58
  3. Investigation of genetic susceptibility factors for human longevity - a targeted nonsynonymous SNP study. (PMID: 20800603) Flachsbart F … Nebel A (Mutation research 2010) 3 44 58
  4. Molecular evolution of the vertebrate hexokinase gene family: Identification of a conserved fifth vertebrate hexokinase gene. (PMID: 20483211) Irwin DM … Tan H (Comparative biochemistry and physiology. Part D, Genomics & proteomics 2008) 3 22 58
  5. A scan of chromosome 10 identifies a novel locus showing strong association with late-onset Alzheimer disease. (PMID: 16385451) Grupe A … Goate A (American journal of human genetics 2006) 3 44 58

Products for HKDC1 Gene

  • Addgene plasmids for HKDC1

Sources for HKDC1 Gene

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