Aliases for HIST3H2BB Gene
External Ids for HIST3H2BB Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for HIST3H2BB Gene
Histones are basic nuclear proteins that are responsible for the nucleosome structure of the chromosomal fiber in eukaryotes. Nucleosomes consist of approximately 146 bp of DNA wrapped around a histone octamer composed of pairs of each of the four core histones (H2A, H2B, H3, and H4). The chromatin fiber is further compacted through the interaction of a linker histone, H1, with the DNA between the nucleosomes to form higher order chromatin structures. This gene is intronless and encodes a replication-dependent histone that is a member of the histone H2B family. Transcripts from this gene contain a palindromic termination element. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2015]
GeneCards Summary for HIST3H2BB Gene
HIST3H2BB (Histone Cluster 3 H2B Family Member B) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Mitotic Prophase and Meiosis. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include sequence-specific DNA binding and protein heterodimerization activity. An important paralog of this gene is HIST2H2BE.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for HIST3H2BB Gene
Core component of nucleosome. Nucleosomes wrap and compact DNA into chromatin, limiting DNA accessibility to the cellular machineries which require DNA as a template. Histones thereby play a central role in transcription regulation, DNA repair, DNA replication and chromosomal stability. DNA accessibility is regulated via a complex set of post-translational modifications of histones, also called histone code, and nucleosome remodeling.