Aliases for HGF Gene
External Ids for HGF Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for HGF Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for HGF Gene
This gene encodes a protein that binds to the hepatocyte growth factor receptor to regulate cell growth, cell motility and morphogenesis in numerous cell and tissue types. Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants, at least one of which encodes a preproprotein that is proteolytically processed to generate alpha and beta chains, which form the mature heterodimer. This protein is secreted by mesenchymal cells and acts as a multi-functional cytokine on cells of mainly epithelial origin. This protein also plays a role in angiogenesis, tumorogenesis, and tissue regeneration. Although the encoded protein is a member of the peptidase S1 family of serine proteases, it lacks peptidase activity. Mutations in this gene are associated with nonsyndromic hearing loss. [provided by RefSeq, Nov 2015]
GeneCards Summary for HGF Gene
HGF (Hepatocyte Growth Factor) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with HGF include Deafness, Autosomal Recessive 39 and Autosomal Recessive Non-Syndromic Sensorineural Deafness Type Dfnb. Among its related pathways are PI3K/AKT activation and RET signaling. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include identical protein binding and serine-type endopeptidase activity. An important paralog of this gene is MST1.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for HGF Gene
Potent mitogen for mature parenchymal hepatocyte cells, seems to be a hepatotrophic factor, and acts as a growth factor for a broad spectrum of tissues and cell types. Activating ligand for the receptor tyrosine kinase MET by binding to it and promoting its dimerization.
The MET receptor, also known as hepatocyte growth factor receptor (HGFR), is a proto-oncogenic receptor tyrosine kinase. The endogenous ligand for MET is hepatocyte growth factor/scatter factor (HGF), a disulfide-linked heterodimeric molecule.