Aliases for HEXA Gene
External Ids for HEXA Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for HEXA Gene
This gene encodes a member of the glycosyl hydrolase 20 family of proteins. The encoded preproprotein is proteolytically processed to generate the alpha subunit of the lysosomal enzyme beta-hexosaminidase. This enzyme, together with the cofactor GM2 activator protein, catalyzes the degradation of the ganglioside GM2, and other molecules containing terminal N-acetyl hexosamines. Mutations in this gene lead to an accumulation of GM2 ganglioside in neurons, the underlying cause of neurodegenerative disorders termed the GM2 gangliosidoses, including Tay-Sachs disease (GM2-gangliosidosis type I). Alternative splicing results in multiple transcript variants, at least one of which encodes a preproprotein that is proteolytically processed. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2016]
GeneCards Summary for HEXA Gene
HEXA (Hexosaminidase Subunit Alpha) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with HEXA include Tay-Sachs Disease and Tay-Sachs Disease, B1 Variant. Among its related pathways are Sphingolipid metabolism and Lysosome. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include protein heterodimerization activity and beta-N-acetylhexosaminidase activity. An important paralog of this gene is HEXB.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for HEXA Gene
Hydrolyzes the non-reducing end N-acetyl-D-hexosamine and/or sulfated N-acetyl-D-hexosamine of glycoconjugates, such as the oligosaccharide moieties from proteins and neutral glycolipids, or from certain mucopolysaccharides (PubMed:11707436, PubMed:9694901, PubMed:8672428, PubMed:8123671). The isozyme S is as active as the isozyme A on the anionic bis-sulfated glycans, the chondroitin-6-sulfate trisaccharide (C6S-3), and the dermatan sulfate pentasaccharide, and the sulfated glycosphingolipid SM2 (PubMed:11707436). The isozyme B does not hydrolyze each of these substrates, however hydrolyzes efficiently neutral oligosaccharide (PubMed:11707436). Only the isozyme A is responsible for the degradation of GM2 gangliosides in the presence of GM2A (PubMed:9694901, PubMed:8672428, PubMed:8123671).