Aliases for HCRT Gene
External Ids for HCRT Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for HCRT Gene
This gene encodes a hypothalamic neuropeptide precursor protein that gives rise to two mature neuropeptides, orexin A and orexin B, by proteolytic processing. Orexin A and orexin B, which bind to orphan G-protein coupled receptors HCRTR1 and HCRTR2, function in the regulation of sleep and arousal. This neuropeptide arrangement may also play a role in feeding behavior, metabolism, and homeostasis. [provided by RefSeq, Jan 2010]
GeneCards Summary for HCRT Gene
HCRT (Hypocretin Neuropeptide Precursor) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with HCRT include Narcolepsy 1 and Narcolepsy. Among its related pathways are Signaling by GPCR and Peptide ligand-binding receptors. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include type 1 hypocretin receptor binding and type 2 hypocretin receptor binding.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for HCRT Gene
Neuropeptides that play a significant role in the regulation of food intake and sleep-wakefulness, possibly by coordinating the complex behavioral and physiologic responses of these complementary homeostatic functions. A broader role in the homeostatic regulation of energy metabolism, autonomic function, hormonal balance and the regulation of body fluids, is also suggested. Orexin-A binds to both OX1R and OX2R with a high affinity, whereas orexin-B binds only to OX2R with a similar high affinity.