Aliases for HCFC1 Gene
External Ids for HCFC1 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for HCFC1 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for HCFC1 Gene
This gene is a member of the host cell factor family and encodes a protein with five Kelch repeats, a fibronectin-like motif, and six HCF repeats, each of which contains a highly specific cleavage signal. This nuclear coactivator is proteolytically cleaved at one of the six possible sites, resulting in the creation of an N-terminal chain and the corresponding C-terminal chain. The final form of this protein consists of noncovalently bound N- and C-terminal chains. The protein is involved in control of the cell cycle and transcriptional regulation during herpes simplex virus infection. Alternatively spliced variants which encode different protein isoforms have been described; however, not all variants have been fully characterized. [provided by RefSeq, Jul 2008]
GeneCards Summary for HCFC1 Gene
HCFC1 (Host Cell Factor C1) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with HCFC1 include Methylmalonic Acidemia And Homocysteinemia, Cblx Type and Non-Syndromic X-Linked Intellectual Disability. Among its related pathways are Organelle biogenesis and maintenance and Chromatin organization. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include DNA-binding transcription factor activity and chromatin binding. An important paralog of this gene is HCFC2.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for HCFC1 Gene
Involved in control of the cell cycle (PubMed:10629049, PubMed:10779346, PubMed:15190068, PubMed:16624878, PubMed:23629655). Also antagonizes transactivation by ZBTB17 and GABP2; represses ZBTB17 activation of the p15(INK4b) promoter and inhibits its ability to recruit p300 (PubMed:10675337, PubMed:12244100). Coactivator for EGR2 and GABP2 (PubMed:12244100, PubMed:14532282). Tethers the chromatin modifying Set1/Ash2 histone H3 'Lys-4' methyltransferase (H3K4me) and Sin3 histone deacetylase (HDAC) complexes (involved in the activation and repression of transcription, respectively) together (PubMed:12670868). Component of a THAP1/THAP3-HCFC1-OGT complex that is required for the regulation of the transcriptional activity of RRM1 (PubMed:20200153). As part of the NSL complex it may be involved in acetylation of nucleosomal histone H4 on several lysine residues (PubMed:20018852). Recruits KMT2E/MLL5 to E2F1 responsive promoters promoting transcriptional activation and thereby facilitates G1 to S phase transition (PubMed:23629655).
(Microbial infection) In case of human herpes simplex virus (HSV) infection, HCFC1 forms a multiprotein-DNA complex with the viral transactivator protein VP16 and POU2F1 thereby enabling the transcription of the viral immediate early genes.