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Aliases for HBB-LCR Gene

Aliases for HBB-LCR Gene

  • Beta-Globin Locus Control Region 3
  • Globin Locus Activation Region (LAR) 3
  • Beta-Globin Dominant Control Region 3
  • Beta-Globin Locus-Activating Region 3
  • Beta-Globin 5' Regulatory Region 3
  • Locus Control Region, Beta 3
  • Beta-Globin LCR 3
  • Beta Glb-LCR 3
  • LCR-Beta 3
  • Beta-DCR 3
  • Beta-LAR 3
  • LCRB 3

External Ids for HBB-LCR Gene

Summaries for HBB-LCR Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for HBB-LCR Gene

  • This genomic sequence, which spans 34 kb upstream of the hemoglobin subunit epsilon 1 (HBE1) gene, represents the 5' regulatory region of the human beta-globin gene cluster on chromosome 11. It includes a locus control region (LCR), which can confer developmentally regulated, position-independent and copy number-dependent expression on linked beta-globin genes in transgenic mice. The LCR is the major element controlling expression of the downstream beta-globin genes (epsilon, G-gamma, A-gamma, delta and beta, or HBE1, HBG2, HBG1, HBD and HBB, respectively), which are organized on the chromosome in their order of developmental expression. This region includes several DNase I hypersensitive sites (HSs; 5'HS1-5'HS7 in the entire region, 5'HS1-5'HS5 in the LCR), some of which possess enhancer activity in erythroid cells and/or function in synergy (e.g., the 5'HS2 and 5'HS3 enhancers). The HSs bind to erythroid transcription factors and are associated with regulatory complexes involved in beta-globin gene expression and the organization of local chromatin domain structure. This region also includes matrix attachment regions (MARs), silencers, an enhancer-blocking element (at 5'HS5), and a retroviral element (ERV-9) with enhancer activity in erythrocytes. Chromosome conformation capture assays show that the LCR is an integral part of the beta-globin active chromatin hub in erythroid cells, where it undergoes looping interactions with distal 5' and 3' HSs (HS-111 and 3'HS1) and the active beta-globin gene promoters. The LCR also regulates replication initiation at a replication origin (IR) in the vicinity of the adult beta-globin (HBB) gene. Mutations in this LCR result in beta-thalassemias and beta-hemoglobinopathies. A large naturally-occurring deletion, which includes the sequence spanning 5'HS2-5'HS7, results in Hispanic gamma-delta-beta thalassemia and a closed chromatin conformation across the beta-globin locus. [provided by RefSeq, Mar 2017]

GeneCards Summary for HBB-LCR Gene

HBB-LCR (Beta-Globin Locus Control Region) is a Biological Region gene. Diseases associated with HBB-LCR include Beta-Thalassemia and Thalassemia.

Additional gene information for HBB-LCR Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Tocris Summary , Gene Wiki entry , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for HBB-LCR Gene

Genomics for HBB-LCR Gene

Genomic Locations for HBB-LCR Gene

Genomic Locations for HBB-LCR Gene
Unknown strand

Genomic View for HBB-LCR Gene

Cytogenetic band:
GeneLoc Logo Gene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for HBB-LCR Gene

No data available for GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for HBB-LCR Gene

Proteins for HBB-LCR Gene

Post-translational modifications for HBB-LCR Gene

No Post-translational modifications

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for HBB-LCR Gene

Domains & Families for HBB-LCR Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

No data available for Gene Families , Protein Domains , Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences and UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for HBB-LCR Gene

Function for HBB-LCR Gene

Human Phenotype Ontology for HBB-LCR Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Model Products

No data available for Molecular function , Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog , Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function , Phenotypes , Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for HBB-LCR Gene

Localization for HBB-LCR Gene

No data available for Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Subcellular locations from COMPARTMENTS , Subcellular locations from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) and Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for HBB-LCR Gene

Pathways & Interactions for HBB-LCR Gene

PathCards logo

SuperPathways for HBB-LCR Gene

No Data Available

Interacting Proteins for HBB-LCR Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for HBB-LCR Gene


No data available for Pathways by source and SIGNOR curated interactions for HBB-LCR Gene

Drugs & Compounds for HBB-LCR Gene

No Compound Related Data Available

Transcripts for HBB-LCR Gene

mRNA/cDNA for HBB-LCR Gene

(1) Additional mRNA sequences :

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for HBB-LCR Gene

No ASD Table

Expression for HBB-LCR Gene

Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for HBB-LCR Gene

Germ Layers:
  • ectoderm
  • endoderm
  • mesoderm
  • cardiovascular
  • digestive
  • endocrine
  • integumentary
  • lymphatic
  • nervous
  • reproductive
  • respiratory
  • skeletal muscle
  • skeleton
Head and neck:
  • brain
  • eye
  • eyelid
  • face
  • head
  • jaw
  • mandible
  • maxilla
  • mouth
  • neck
  • nose
  • skull
  • tooth
  • chest wall
  • clavicle
  • lung
  • rib
  • rib cage
  • scapula
  • sternum
  • biliary tract
  • gallbladder
  • intestine
  • large intestine
  • liver
  • pancreas
  • small intestine
  • spleen
  • pelvis
  • ankle
  • arm
  • digit
  • elbow
  • femur
  • fibula
  • finger
  • foot
  • forearm
  • hand
  • hip
  • humerus
  • knee
  • lower limb
  • radius
  • shin
  • shoulder
  • thigh
  • tibia
  • toe
  • ulna
  • upper limb
  • wrist
  • blood
  • blood vessel
  • bone marrow
  • peripheral nerve
  • peripheral nervous system
  • red blood cell
  • skin
  • spinal column
  • vertebrae
No Expression Related Data Available

No data available for mRNA expression in normal human tissues , mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , mRNA differential expression in normal tissues , Protein differential expression in normal tissues , Protein expression , Protein tissue co-expression partners , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for HBB-LCR Gene

Orthologs for HBB-LCR Gene

No data available for Orthologs and Evolution for HBB-LCR Gene

Paralogs for HBB-LCR Gene

No data available for Paralogs for HBB-LCR Gene

Variants for HBB-LCR Gene

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar , Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) , Variation tolerance and Additional Variant Information for HBB-LCR Gene

Disorders for HBB-LCR Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(2) MalaCards diseases for HBB-LCR Gene - From: OMIM, GTR, and GeneCards

Disorder Aliases PubMed IDs
  • thalassemia, beta
  • sickle-cell thalassemia with crisis
- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with HBB-LCR: view

No data available for UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot , Genatlas and External Links for HBB-LCR Gene

Publications for HBB-LCR Gene

  1. Heterochromatin Protein 1γ Is a Novel Epigenetic Repressor of Human Embryonic ϵ-Globin Gene Expression. (PMID: 28154185) Wang Y … Zhao Q (The Journal of biological chemistry 2017) 3 58
  2. Epigenetic interplay at the β-globin locus. (PMID: 28161275) Lee WS … Vadolas J (Biochimica et biophysica acta. Gene regulatory mechanisms 2017) 3 58
  3. Erythroid specific activator GATA-1-dependent interactions between CTCF sites around the β-globin locus. (PMID: 28161276) Kang Y … Kim A (Biochimica et biophysica acta. Gene regulatory mechanisms 2017) 3 58
  4. Lentiviral Vectors with Cellular Promoters Correct Anemia and Lethal Bone Marrow Failure in a Mouse Model for Diamond-Blackfan Anemia. (PMID: 28434866) Debnath S … Karlsson S (Molecular therapy : the journal of the American Society of Gene Therapy 2017) 3 58
  5. LDB1-mediated enhancer looping can be established independent of mediator and cohesin. (PMID: 28520978) Krivega I … Dean A (Nucleic acids research 2017) 3 58

No data available for External Links for HBB-LCR Gene

Products for HBB-LCR Gene

Sources for HBB-LCR Gene

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