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Aliases for HAMP Gene

Subcategory (RNA class) for HAMP Gene

lncRNA

Aliases for HAMP Gene

  • Hepcidin Antimicrobial Peptide 2 3 5
  • Liver-Expressed Antimicrobial Peptide 1 3 4
  • Putative Liver Tumor Regressor 3 4
  • LEAP1 3 4
  • HEPC 3 4
  • PLTR 3 4
  • Hepcidin 3
  • LEAP-1 4
  • HFE2B 3

External Ids for HAMP Gene

ORGUL Members for HAMP Gene

Previous GeneCards Identifiers for HAMP Gene

  • GC19P036390
  • GC19P036222
  • GC19P040447
  • GC19P040465
  • GC19P035773
  • GC19P032282
  • GC19P035777
  • GC19P035955
  • GC19P035281
  • GC19P035284
  • GC19P036050
  • GC19P036223
  • GC19P036399

Summaries for HAMP Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for HAMP Gene

  • The product encoded by this gene is involved in the maintenance of iron homeostasis, and it is necessary for the regulation of iron storage in macrophages, and for intestinal iron absorption. The preproprotein is post-translationally cleaved into mature peptides of 20, 22 and 25 amino acids, and these active peptides are rich in cysteines, which form intramolecular bonds that stabilize their beta-sheet structures. These peptides exhibit antimicrobial activity against bacteria and fungi. Mutations in this gene cause hemochromatosis type 2B, also known as juvenile hemochromatosis, a disease caused by severe iron overload that results in cardiomyopathy, cirrhosis, and endocrine failure. [provided by RefSeq, Oct 2014]

GeneCards Summary for HAMP Gene

HAMP (Hepcidin Antimicrobial Peptide) is a Protein Coding gene, and is affiliated with the lncRNA class. Diseases associated with HAMP include Hemochromatosis, Type 2B and Hemochromatosis Type 2. Among its related pathways are Hfe effect on hepcidin production and Iron metabolism in placenta. Gene Ontology (GO) annotations related to this gene include receptor binding and ion channel inhibitor activity.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for HAMP Gene

  • Liver-produced hormone that constitutes the main circulating regulator of iron absorption and distribution across tissues. Acts by promoting endocytosis and degradation of ferroportin, leading to the retention of iron in iron-exporting cells and decreased flow of iron into plasma. Controls the major flows of iron into plasma: absorption of dietary iron in the intestine, recycling of iron by macrophages, which phagocytose old erythrocytes and other cells, and mobilization of stored iron from hepatocytes (PubMed:22306005).

  • Has strong antimicrobial activity against E.coli ML35P N.cinerea and weaker against S.epidermidis, S.aureus and group b streptococcus bacteria. Active against the fungus C.albicans. No activity against P.aeruginosa (PubMed:11113131, PubMed:11034317).

Gene Wiki entry for HAMP Gene

Additional gene information for HAMP Gene

No data available for CIViC summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , fRNAdb sequence ontologies and piRNA Summary for HAMP Gene

Genomics for HAMP Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for HAMP Gene

Promoters and enhancers for HAMP Gene
GeneHancer (GH) Identifier GH Type GH
Score
GH Sources Gene Association Score Total Score TSS distance (kb) Number of Genes Away Size (kb) Transcription Factor
Binding Sites
Gene Targets
GH19I035281 Promoter/Enhancer 1.5 EPDnew Ensembl ENCODE 550.8 +2.1 2056 2.1 FOXA2 PKNOX1 RB1 ARID4B DMAP1 YY1 ZNF121 CREM RXRA SP5 GC19P036711 HAMP GC19M038820 CD22 TMEM147-AS1 ENSG00000268947 ENSG00000267049 KRTDAP DMKN FAM187B
GH19I035277 Enhancer 1 ENCODE dbSUPER 550.8 -1.4 -1408 4.5 FOXA2 ARID4B DMAP1 THRB ZNF48 RARA GLIS2 SCRT2 CREM THAP11 GC19P036709 HAMP FAM187B MAG CD22 DMKN ENSG00000268947 LSR GC19M038820 USF2
GH19I035328 Promoter/Enhancer 2 EPDnew FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 11 +50.3 50319 5.1 HDGF PKNOX1 SMAD1 RB1 BMI1 KLF5 IRF4 TCF12 ZNF207 ATF7 CD22 ENSG00000269553 MAG KRTDAP DMKN HAMP ENSG00000233214 FAM187B TMEM147 TMEM147-AS1
GH19I035208 Enhancer 1.8 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 10.6 -68.3 -68292 7.1 PKNOX1 CLOCK FOXA2 SMAD1 FEZF1 ZNF2 IRF4 SP3 SP5 JUNB ZNF599 TMEM147-AS1 HAUS5 KIAA0355 PROSER3 MAG ZNF792 SDHAF1 USF2 ENSG00000267049
GH19I035202 Enhancer 1.7 FANTOM5 Ensembl ENCODE dbSUPER 10.7 -75.2 -75175 6.1 HDGF PKNOX1 SMAD1 ARNT YBX1 IRF4 POLR2B ZNF766 CBX5 ZNF207 LOC105372379 FXYD5 ZNF599 HAUS5 KIAA0355 ZNF792 TMEM147-AS1 USF2 FAM187B LSR
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data dump

GeneHancers around HAMP on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Top Transcription factor binding sites by QIAGEN in the HAMP gene promoter:

Genomic Locations for HAMP Gene

Genomic Locations for HAMP Gene
chr19:35,280,716-35,285,143
(GRCh38/hg38)
Size:
4,428 bases
Orientation:
Plus strand
chr19:35,771,619-35,776,046
(GRCh37/hg19)

Genomic View for HAMP Gene

Genes around HAMP on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
HAMP Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for HAMP Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for HAMP Gene

ORGUL Member Location for HAMP Gene

ORGUL Member Location for HAMP gene

Proteins for HAMP Gene

  • Protein details for HAMP Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    P81172-HEPC_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Hepcidin
    Protein Accession:
    P81172
    Secondary Accessions:
    • Q1HE14
    • Q9BY68

    Protein attributes for HAMP Gene

    Size:
    84 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    9408 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    No Data Available

    Three dimensional structures from OCA and Proteopedia for HAMP Gene

neXtProt entry for HAMP Gene

Post-translational modifications for HAMP Gene

No Post-translational modifications

Other Protein References for HAMP Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for HAMP Gene

Domains & Families for HAMP Gene

Gene Families for HAMP Gene

Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Disease related genes
  • Potential drug targets
  • Predicted secreted proteins
  • Transporters

Protein Domains for HAMP Gene

InterPro:
Blocks:
ProtoNet:

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for HAMP Gene

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

P81172

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

HEPC_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the hepcidin family.
Family:
  • Belongs to the hepcidin family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with HAMP: view

Function for HAMP Gene

Molecular function for HAMP Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Liver-produced hormone that constitutes the main circulating regulator of iron absorption and distribution across tissues. Acts by promoting endocytosis and degradation of ferroportin, leading to the retention of iron in iron-exporting cells and decreased flow of iron into plasma. Controls the major flows of iron into plasma: absorption of dietary iron in the intestine, recycling of iron by macrophages, which phagocytose old erythrocytes and other cells, and mobilization of stored iron from hepatocytes (PubMed:22306005).
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Has strong antimicrobial activity against E.coli ML35P N.cinerea and weaker against S.epidermidis, S.aureus and group b streptococcus bacteria. Active against the fungus C.albicans. No activity against P.aeruginosa (PubMed:11113131, PubMed:11034317).

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for HAMP Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for HAMP Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005179 hormone activity IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with HAMP: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with HAMP: view

Human Phenotype Ontology for HAMP Gene

HPO Id HPO Name Alternative Ids Definition Synonyms

Animal Model Products

  • Taconic Biosciences Mouse Models for HAMP

Clone Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Animal Models , miRNA , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for HAMP Gene

Localization for HAMP Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for HAMP Gene

Secreted.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for HAMP gene
Compartment Confidence
extracellular 5
cytosol 3
plasma membrane 2
mitochondrion 1
nucleus 1
endoplasmic reticulum 1
lysosome 1
endosome 1

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for HAMP Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0005576 extracellular region NAS 11034317
GO:0005615 extracellular space IBA --
GO:0005737 cytoplasm IEA --
GO:0014704 intercalated disc IEA --
GO:0045179 apical cortex IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with HAMP: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) for HAMP Gene

Pathways & Interactions for HAMP Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with HAMP: view

Pathways by source for HAMP Gene

Interacting Proteins for HAMP Gene

STRING Interaction Network Preview (showing 5 interactants - click image to see details)
http://version10.5.string-db.org/api/image/networkList?limit=0&targetmode=proteins&caller_identity=gene_cards&network_flavor=evidence&identifiers=9606.ENSP00000222304%0d%0a9606.ENSP00000277480%0d%0a9606.ENSP00000396505%0d%0a9606.ENSP00000431254%0d%0a9606.ENSP00000329312%0d%0a9606.ENSP00000261024%0d%0a
Selected Interacting proteins: P81172-HEPC_HUMAN ENSP00000222304 for HAMP Gene via IID STRING

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for HAMP Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000122 negative regulation of transcription by RNA polymerase II ISS --
GO:0006879 cellular iron ion homeostasis IDA 15514116
GO:0006953 acute-phase response IEA --
GO:0006955 immune response TAS 11113131
GO:0007568 aging IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with HAMP: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for HAMP Gene

Drugs & Compounds for HAMP Gene

(4) Drugs for HAMP Gene - From: Novoseek

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials

(2) Additional Compounds for HAMP Gene - From: HMDB and Novoseek

Name Synonyms Role CAS Number PubChem IDs PubMed IDs
Fe2+
  • Armco iron
  • Carbonyl iron
  • FE
  • Ferrovac e
  • Hematite
15438-31-0
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with HAMP: view

Transcripts for HAMP Gene

mRNA/cDNA for HAMP Gene

(1) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(6) Additional mRNA sequences :
(20) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(3) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links where relevant :

Unigene Clusters for HAMP Gene

Hepcidin antimicrobial peptide:
Representative Sequences:

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for HAMP Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for HAMP Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
HAMP
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
HAMP

Expression for HAMP Gene

mRNA expression in normal human tissues from GTEx, Illumina, BioGPS, and CGAP SAGE for HAMP Gene

mRNA differential expression in normal tissues according to GTEx for HAMP Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Liver (x35.4) and Heart - Atrial Appendage (x9.2).

Protein differential expression in normal tissues from HIPED for HAMP Gene

This gene is overexpressed in Urine (69.0).

Integrated Proteomics: protein expression in normal tissues and cell lines from ProteomicsDB and MOPED for HAMP Gene



Protein tissue co-expression partners for HAMP Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of HAMP Gene:

HAMP

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for HAMP Gene:

Hs.8821

mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt for HAMP Gene:

P81172-HEPC_HUMAN
Tissue specificity: Highest expression in liver and to a lesser extent in heart and brain. Low levels in lung, tonsils, salivary gland, trachea, prostate gland, adrenal gland and thyroid gland. Secreted into the urine.

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for HAMP Gene

  • Liver(4.8)
  • Blood(4.5)
  • Urine(4.4)
  • Intestine(2.6)
  • Heart(2.5)
  • Muscle(2.3)
  • Spleen(2.1)
  • Bone marrow(2)
  • Kidney(2)

Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for HAMP Gene

Germ Layers:
  • ectoderm
  • endoderm
  • mesoderm
Systems:
  • cardiovascular
  • digestive
  • endocrine
  • immune
  • integumentary
  • nervous
  • reproductive
  • skeletal muscle
  • skeleton
  • urinary
Regions:
Head and neck:
  • brain
  • ear
  • eye
  • head
  • mouth
  • pituitary gland
  • salivary gland
Thorax:
  • breast
  • esophagus
  • heart
  • heart valve
Abdomen:
  • kidney
  • liver
  • pancreas
  • spleen
Pelvis:
  • ovary
  • penis
  • prostate
  • testicle
  • uterus
  • vagina
  • vulva
Limb:
  • ankle
  • digit
  • elbow
  • finger
  • foot
  • hand
  • hip
  • knee
  • lower limb
  • nail
  • shoulder
  • toe
  • upper limb
  • wrist
General:
  • blood
  • blood vessel
  • bone marrow
  • coagulation system
  • hair
  • peripheral nerve
  • peripheral nervous system
  • red blood cell
  • skin
  • white blood cell
genes like me logo Genes that share expression patterns with HAMP: view

No data available for mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery for HAMP Gene

Orthologs for HAMP Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of mammals.

Orthologs for HAMP Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia HAMP 33 34
  • 99.6 (n)
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia HAMP 33 34
  • 77.78 (n)
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia HAMP 33 34
  • 76.02 (n)
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Hamp 34
  • 59 (a)
OneToMany
Hamp2 34
  • 52 (a)
OneToMany
oppossum
(Monodelphis domestica)
Mammalia HAMP 34
  • 46 (a)
OneToOne
Species where no ortholog for HAMP was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • barley (Hordeum vulgare)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • chicken (Gallus gallus)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • lizard (Anolis carolinensis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • platypus (Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rat (Rattus norvegicus)
  • rice (Oryza sativa)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)
  • zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Evolution for HAMP Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for HAMP (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for HAMP (if available)

Paralogs for HAMP Gene

No data available for Paralogs for HAMP Gene

Variants for HAMP Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for HAMP Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 19 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs104894695 pathogenic, Hemochromatosis type 2B 35,284,953(+) C/T coding_sequence_variant, stop_gained
rs104894696 risk-factor, likely-benign, Hemochromatosis, type 2a, modifier of, Hereditary hemochromatosis, Hemochromatosis 2B (HFE2B) [MIM:613313] 35,284,999(+) G/A coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant
rs145846674 likely-benign, Hemochromatosis type 1 35,282,631(+) C/T coding_sequence_variant, synonymous_variant
rs146776859 benign, Hemochromatosis type 2B 35,284,790(+) C/T coding_sequence_variant, missense_variant
rs149146279 uncertain-significance, Juvenile hemochromatosis 35,282,577(+) G/A/C 5_prime_UTR_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for HAMP Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv2758758 CNV loss 17122850
nsv510765 CNV deletion 20534489
nsv953283 CNV deletion 24416366

Variation tolerance for HAMP Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 58.5% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.23; 5.08% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for HAMP Gene

Human Gene Mutation Database (HGMD)
HAMP
SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
HAMP

SNP Genotyping and Copy Number Assay Products

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for HAMP Gene

Disorders for HAMP Gene

MalaCards: The human disease database

(21) MalaCards diseases for HAMP Gene - From: HGMD, OMIM, ClinVar, GTR, Orphanet, Swiss-Prot, DISEASES, Novoseek, and GeneCards

- elite association - COSMIC cancer census association via MalaCards
Search HAMP in MalaCards View complete list of genes associated with diseases

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot

HEPC_HUMAN
  • Hemochromatosis 2B (HFE2B) [MIM:613313]: A juvenile form of hemochromatosis, a disorder of iron metabolism with excess deposition of iron in a variety of organs leading to their failure, bronze skin pigmentation, hepatic cirrhosis, arthropathy and diabetes. The most common symptoms of juvenile hemochromatosis at presentation are hypogonadism and cardiomyopathy. {ECO:0000269 PubMed:12915468, ECO:0000269 PubMed:14630809, ECO:0000269 PubMed:14633868, ECO:0000269 PubMed:14670915, ECO:0000269 PubMed:15099344}. Note=The disease is caused by mutations affecting the gene represented in this entry.

Additional Disease Information for HAMP

Genetic Association Database
(GAD)
Human Genome Epidemiology Navigator
(HuGE)
ATLAS of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology
genes like me logo Genes that share disorders with HAMP: view

No data available for Genatlas for HAMP Gene

Publications for HAMP Gene

  1. HAMP as a modifier gene that increases the phenotypic expression of the HFE pC282Y homozygous genotype. (PMID: 14670915) Jacolot S … Ferec C (Blood 2004) 3 4 22 44 58
  2. Non-classical hereditary hemochromatosis in Portugal: novel mutations identified in iron metabolism-related genes. (PMID: 18762941) Mendes AI … Faustino P (Annals of hematology 2009) 3 22 44 58
  3. Mutations in HAMP and HJV genes and their impact on expression of clinical hemochromatosis in a cohort of 100 Spanish patients homozygous for the C282Y mutation of HFE gene. (PMID: 19214511) Altès A … Baiget M (Annals of hematology 2009) 3 22 44 58
  4. Association of hepcidin promoter c.-582 A>G variant and iron overload in thalassemia major. (PMID: 19734422) Andreani M … Grammatico P (Haematologica 2009) 3 22 44 58
  5. Common variants in the BMP2, BMP4, and HJV genes of the hepcidin regulation pathway modulate HFE hemochromatosis penetrance. (PMID: 17847004) Milet J … Mosser J (American journal of human genetics 2007) 3 22 44 58

Products for HAMP Gene

Sources for HAMP Gene

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