Histones are basic nuclear proteins that are responsible for the nucleosome structure of the chromosomal fiber in eukaryotes. Nucleosomes consist of approximately 146 bp of DNA wrapped around a histone octamer composed of pairs of each of the four core histones (H2A, H2B, H3, and H4). The chromatin fiber is further compacted through the interaction of a linker histone, H1, with... See more...

Aliases for H2AW Gene

Aliases for H2AW Gene

  • H2A.W Histone 2 3
  • Histone Cluster 3 H2A 2 3 5
  • Histone Cluster 3, H2a 2 3
  • Histone H2A Type 3 3 4
  • Histone 3, H2a 2 3
  • HIST3H2A 3 5

External Ids for H2AW Gene

Previous HGNC Symbols for H2AW Gene

  • HIST3H2A

Summaries for H2AW Gene

Entrez Gene Summary for H2AW Gene

  • Histones are basic nuclear proteins that are responsible for the nucleosome structure of the chromosomal fiber in eukaryotes. Nucleosomes consist of approximately 146 bp of DNA wrapped around a histone octamer composed of pairs of each of the four core histones (H2A, H2B, H3, and H4). The chromatin fiber is further compacted through the interaction of a linker histone, H1, with the DNA between the nucleosomes to form higher order chromatin structures. This gene is intronless and encodes a replication-dependent histone that is a member of the histone H2A family. Transcripts from this gene contain a palindromic termination element. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2015]

GeneCards Summary for H2AW Gene

H2AW (H2A.W Histone) is a Protein Coding gene. Among its related pathways are Activated PKN1 stimulates transcription of AR (androgen receptor) regulated genes KLK2 and KLK3 and CDK-mediated phosphorylation and removal of Cdc6. An important paralog of this gene is H2AC4.

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for H2AW Gene

  • Core component of nucleosome. Nucleosomes wrap and compact DNA into chromatin, limiting DNA accessibility to the cellular machineries which require DNA as a template. Histones thereby play a central role in transcription regulation, DNA repair, DNA replication and chromosomal stability. DNA accessibility is regulated via a complex set of post-translational modifications of histones, also called histone code, and nucleosome remodeling.

Gene Wiki entry for H2AW Gene

Additional gene information for H2AW Gene

No data available for CIViC Summary , Tocris Summary , PharmGKB "VIP" Summary , Rfam classification and piRNA Summary for H2AW Gene

Genomics for H2AW Gene

GeneHancer (GH) Regulatory Elements for H2AW Gene

Promoters and enhancers for H2AW Gene
- Elite GeneHancer and/or Elite GeneHancer-gene association Download GeneHancer data from 2017 publication | Request up-to-date GeneHancer data (full dataset)

GeneHancers around H2AW on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Genomic Locations for H2AW Gene

Genomic Locations for H2AW Gene
chr1:228,456,979-228,457,873
(GRCh38/hg38)
Size:
895 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand
chr1:228,645,065-228,645,560
(GRCh37/hg19)
Size:
496 bases
Orientation:
Minus strand

Genomic View for H2AW Gene

Genes around H2AW on UCSC Golden Path with GeneCards custom track

Cytogenetic band:
H2AW Gene in genomic location: bands according to Ensembl, locations according to GeneLoc (and/or Entrez Gene and/or Ensembl if different)
Genomic Location for H2AW Gene
GeneLoc Logo Genomic Neighborhood Exon StructureGene Density

RefSeq DNA sequence for H2AW Gene

Proteins for H2AW Gene

  • Protein details for H2AW Gene (UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot)

    Protein Symbol:
    Q7L7L0-H2A3_HUMAN
    Recommended name:
    Histone H2A type 3
    Protein Accession:
    Q7L7L0
    Secondary Accessions:
    • B2R4S4

    Protein attributes for H2AW Gene

    Size:
    130 amino acids
    Molecular mass:
    14121 Da
    Quaternary structure:
    • The nucleosome is a histone octamer containing two molecules each of H2A, H2B, H3 and H4 assembled in one H3-H4 heterotetramer and two H2A-H2B heterodimers. The octamer wraps approximately 147 bp of DNA.

neXtProt entry for H2AW Gene

Post-translational modifications for H2AW Gene

  • Deiminated on Arg-4 in granulocytes upon calcium entry.
  • Monoubiquitination of Lys-120 (H2AK119Ub) by RING1, TRIM27 and RNF2/RING2 complex gives a specific tag for epigenetic transcriptional repression and participates in X chromosome inactivation of female mammals. It is involved in the initiation of both imprinted and random X inactivation. Ubiquitinated H2A is enriched in inactive X chromosome chromatin. Ubiquitination of H2A functions downstream of methylation of 'Lys-27' of histone H3 (H3K27me). H2AK119Ub by RNF2/RING2 can also be induced by ultraviolet and may be involved in DNA repair. Monoubiquitination of Lys-120 (H2AK119Ub) by TRIM27 may promote transformation of cells in a number of breast cancers (PubMed:25470042). Following DNA double-strand breaks (DSBs), it is ubiquitinated through 'Lys-63' linkage of ubiquitin moieties by the E2 ligase UBE2N and the E3 ligases RNF8 and RNF168, leading to the recruitment of repair proteins to sites of DNA damage. Ubiquitination at Lys-14 and Lys-16 (H2AK13Ub and H2AK15Ub, respectively) in response to DNA damage is initiated by RNF168 that mediates monoubiquitination at these 2 sites, and 'Lys-63'-linked ubiquitin are then conjugated to monoubiquitin; RNF8 is able to extend 'Lys-63'-linked ubiquitin chains in vitro. Deubiquitinated by USP51 at Lys-14 and Lys-16 (H2AK13Ub and H2AK15Ub, respectively) after damaged DNA is repaired (PubMed:27083998). H2AK119Ub and ionizing radiation-induced 'Lys-63'-linked ubiquitination (H2AK13Ub and H2AK15Ub) are distinct events.
  • Phosphorylation on Ser-2 (H2AS1ph) is enhanced during mitosis. Phosphorylation on Ser-2 by RPS6KA5/MSK1 directly represses transcription. Acetylation of H3 inhibits Ser-2 phosphorylation by RPS6KA5/MSK1. Phosphorylation at Thr-121 (H2AT120ph) by DCAF1 is present in the regulatory region of many tumor suppresor genes and down-regulates their transcription.
  • Glutamine methylation at Gln-105 (H2AQ104me) by FBL is specifically dedicated to polymerase I. It is present at 35S ribosomal DNA locus and impairs binding of the FACT complex (PubMed:24352239).
  • Symmetric dimethylation on Arg-4 by the PRDM1/PRMT5 complex may play a crucial role in the germ-cell lineage.
  • Crotonylation (Kcr) is specifically present in male germ cells and marks testis-specific genes in post-meiotic cells, including X-linked genes that escape sex chromosome inactivation in haploid cells. Crotonylation marks active promoters and enhancers and confers resistance to transcriptional repressors. It is also associated with post-meiotically activated genes on autosomes.
  • Ubiquitination at Lys16
  • Modification sites at PhosphoSitePlus

Other Protein References for H2AW Gene

ENSEMBL proteins:
REFSEQ proteins:

No data available for DME Specific Peptides for H2AW Gene

Domains & Families for H2AW Gene

Gene Families for H2AW Gene

HGNC:
Human Protein Atlas (HPA):
  • Plasma proteins
  • Predicted intracellular proteins

Protein Domains for H2AW Gene

Suggested Antigen Peptide Sequences for H2AW Gene

GenScript: Design optimal peptide antigens:
  • Histone H2A type 3 (H2A3_HUMAN)

Graphical View of Domain Structure for InterPro Entry

Q7L7L0

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot:

H2A3_HUMAN :
  • Belongs to the histone H2A family.
Family:
  • Belongs to the histone H2A family.
genes like me logo Genes that share domains with H2AW: view

Function for H2AW Gene

Molecular function for H2AW Gene

UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Function:
Core component of nucleosome. Nucleosomes wrap and compact DNA into chromatin, limiting DNA accessibility to the cellular machineries which require DNA as a template. Histones thereby play a central role in transcription regulation, DNA repair, DNA replication and chromosomal stability. DNA accessibility is regulated via a complex set of post-translational modifications of histones, also called histone code, and nucleosome remodeling.

Phenotypes From GWAS Catalog for H2AW Gene

Gene Ontology (GO) - Molecular Function for H2AW Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0003677 DNA binding IBA,IDA 22334663
GO:0005515 protein binding IPI 20080676
GO:0046982 protein heterodimerization activity IEA --
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with H2AW: view
genes like me logo Genes that share phenotypes with H2AW: view

Animal Model Products

CRISPR Products

miRNA for H2AW Gene

miRTarBase miRNAs that target H2AW

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for H2AW

Clone Products

No data available for Enzyme Numbers (IUBMB) , Human Phenotype Ontology , Animal Models , Transcription Factor Targets and HOMER Transcription for H2AW Gene

Localization for H2AW Gene

Subcellular locations from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for H2AW Gene

Nucleus. Chromosome.

Subcellular locations from

COMPARTMENTS
Extracellular space Cytosol Plasma membrane Cytoskeleton Lysosome Endosome Peroxisome ER Golgi Apparatus Nucleus Mitochondrion 0 1 2 3 4 5 Confidence
COMPARTMENTS Subcellular localization image for H2AW gene
Compartment Confidence
nucleus 5

Gene Ontology (GO) - Cellular Components for H2AW Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0000788 nuclear nucleosome IDA 22334663
GO:0000790 nuclear chromatin IBA 21873635
GO:0005634 nucleus IEA --
GO:0005694 chromosome IEA --
GO:0070062 extracellular exosome HDA 23533145
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with H2AW: view

No data available for Subcellular locations from the Human Protein Atlas (HPA) for H2AW Gene

Pathways & Interactions for H2AW Gene

genes like me logo Genes that share pathways with H2AW: view

Gene Ontology (GO) - Biological Process for H2AW Gene

GO ID Qualified GO term Evidence PubMed IDs
GO:0006325 chromatin organization IBA 21873635
GO:0006337 nucleosome disassembly IMP 22334663
GO:0070914 UV-damage excision repair IMP 22334663
genes like me logo Genes that share ontologies with H2AW: view

No data available for SIGNOR curated interactions for H2AW Gene

Drugs & Compounds for H2AW Gene

(1) Drugs for H2AW Gene - From: HMDB

Name Status Disease Links Group Role Mechanism of Action Clinical Trials
Calcium Approved Nutra 7773
genes like me logo Genes that share compounds with H2AW: view

Transcripts for H2AW Gene

mRNA/cDNA for H2AW Gene

(1) REFSEQ mRNAs :
(3) Additional mRNA sequences :
(3) Selected AceView cDNA sequences:
(1) Ensembl transcripts including schematic representations, and UCSC links to gene/alias where relevant :

CRISPR Products

Inhibitory RNA Products

  • Search GeneCopoeia for shRNA, lentivirus and/or AAV clone products for H2AW

Clone Products

Alternative Splicing Database (ASD) splice patterns (SP) for H2AW Gene

No ASD Table

Relevant External Links for H2AW Gene

GeneLoc Exon Structure for
H2AW
ECgene alternative splicing isoforms for
H2AW

Expression for H2AW Gene

NURSA nuclear receptor signaling pathways regulating expression of H2AW Gene:

H2AW

SOURCE GeneReport for Unigene cluster for H2AW Gene:

Hs.26331

Evidence on tissue expression from TISSUES for H2AW Gene

  • Nervous system(4.2)
No Expression Related Data Available

No data available for mRNA expression in normal human tissues , mRNA expression in embryonic tissues and stem cells from LifeMap Discovery , mRNA differential expression in normal tissues , Protein differential expression in normal tissues , Protein expression , Protein tissue co-expression partners , mRNA Expression by UniProt/SwissProt and Phenotype-based relationships between genes and organs from Gene ORGANizer for H2AW Gene

Orthologs for H2AW Gene

This gene was present in the common ancestor of eukaryotes.

Orthologs for H2AW Gene

Organism Taxonomy Gene Similarity Type Details
chimpanzee
(Pan troglodytes)
Mammalia HIST3H2A 33 32
  • 99.74 (n)
OneToOne
dog
(Canis familiaris)
Mammalia HIST3H2A 33
  • 99 (a)
OneToOne
cow
(Bos Taurus)
Mammalia HIST3H2A 33
  • 98 (a)
OneToOne
LOC614881 32
  • 83.08 (n)
platypus
(Ornithorhynchus anatinus)
Mammalia -- 33
  • 94 (a)
ManyToMany
-- 33
  • 94 (a)
ManyToMany
-- 33
  • 94 (a)
ManyToMany
-- 33
  • 91 (a)
ManyToMany
-- 33
  • 91 (a)
ManyToMany
mouse
(Mus musculus)
Mammalia Hist3h2a 33 32
  • 86.67 (n)
OneToOne
H2aw 17
rat
(Rattus norvegicus)
Mammalia Hist1h2aa 32
  • 84.36 (n)
chicken
(Gallus gallus)
Aves H2A-VII 33
  • 97 (a)
ManyToMany
lizard
(Anolis carolinensis)
Reptilia -- 33
  • 98 (a)
OneToMany
barley
(Hordeum vulgare)
Liliopsida Hv.8481 32
rice
(Oryza sativa)
Liliopsida Os.12821 32
Species where no ortholog for H2AW was found in the sources mined by GeneCards:
  • A. gosspyii yeast (Ashbya gossypii)
  • Actinobacteria (Mycobacterium tuberculosis)
  • African clawed frog (Xenopus laevis)
  • African malaria mosquito (Anopheles gambiae)
  • Alicante grape (Vitis vinifera)
  • alpha proteobacteria (Wolbachia pipientis)
  • amoeba (Dictyostelium discoideum)
  • Archea (Pyrococcus horikoshii)
  • baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae)
  • beta proteobacteria (Neisseria meningitidis)
  • bread mold (Neurospora crassa)
  • Chromalveolata (Phytophthora infestans)
  • common water flea (Daphnia pulex)
  • corn (Zea mays)
  • E. coli (Escherichia coli)
  • filamentous fungi (Aspergillus nidulans)
  • Firmicute bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae)
  • fission yeast (Schizosaccharomyces pombe)
  • fruit fly (Drosophila melanogaster)
  • green algae (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
  • honey bee (Apis mellifera)
  • K. lactis yeast (Kluyveromyces lactis)
  • loblloly pine (Pinus taeda)
  • malaria parasite (Plasmodium falciparum)
  • medicago trunc (Medicago Truncatula)
  • moss (Physcomitrella patens)
  • oppossum (Monodelphis domestica)
  • orangutan (Pongo pygmaeus)
  • pig (Sus scrofa)
  • rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss)
  • rice blast fungus (Magnaporthe grisea)
  • schistosome parasite (Schistosoma mansoni)
  • sea anemone (Nematostella vectensis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona intestinalis)
  • sea squirt (Ciona savignyi)
  • sea urchin (Strongylocentrotus purpuratus)
  • sorghum (Sorghum bicolor)
  • soybean (Glycine max)
  • stem rust fungus (Puccinia graminis)
  • sugarcane (Saccharum officinarum)
  • thale cress (Arabidopsis thaliana)
  • tomato (Lycopersicon esculentum)
  • toxoplasmosis (Toxoplasma gondii)
  • Trichoplax (Trichoplax adhaerens)
  • tropical clawed frog (Silurana tropicalis)
  • wheat (Triticum aestivum)
  • worm (Caenorhabditis elegans)
  • zebrafish (Danio rerio)

Evolution for H2AW Gene

ENSEMBL:
Gene Tree for H2AW (if available)
TreeFam:
Gene Tree for H2AW (if available)
Aminode:
Evolutionary constrained regions (ECRs) for H2AW: view image

Paralogs for H2AW Gene

Variants for H2AW Gene

Sequence variations from dbSNP and Humsavar for H2AW Gene

SNP ID Clin Chr 01 pos Variation AA Info Type
rs1000238442 -- 228,458,768(-) T/C upstream_transcript_variant
rs1001050817 -- 228,458,095(-) C/G/T upstream_transcript_variant
rs1002053230 -- 228,457,188(-) TGTTGTT/TGTT downstream_transcript_variant
rs1002084351 -- 228,457,042(-) G/T downstream_transcript_variant
rs1003133451 -- 228,457,383(-) C/A 3_prime_UTR_variant

Structural Variations from Database of Genomic Variants (DGV) for H2AW Gene

Variant ID Type Subtype PubMed ID
esv32853 CNV gain 17666407
nsv1013500 CNV gain 25217958
nsv517545 CNV loss 19592680
nsv523935 CNV loss 19592680
nsv549296 CNV gain 21841781
nsv826908 CNV gain 20364138
nsv827019 CNV loss 20364138
nsv945354 CNV duplication 23825009

Variation tolerance for H2AW Gene

Residual Variation Intolerance Score: 37.3% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)
Gene Damage Index Score: 0.24; 5.31% of all genes are more intolerant (likely to be disease-causing)

Additional Variant Information for H2AW Gene

SNPedia medical, phenotypic, and genealogical associations of SNPs for
H2AW

No data available for Polymorphic Variants from UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot for H2AW Gene

Disorders for H2AW Gene

Additional Disease Information for H2AW

No disorders were found for H2AW Gene.

No data available for MalaCards , UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot and Genatlas for H2AW Gene

Publications for H2AW Gene

  1. The human and mouse replication-dependent histone genes. (PMID: 12408966) Marzluff WF … Maltais LJ (Genomics 2002) 2 3 4 56
  2. The DNA sequence and biological annotation of human chromosome 1. (PMID: 16710414) Gregory SG … Prigmore E (Nature 2006) 3 4 56
  3. DNA damage triggers nucleotide excision repair-dependent monoubiquitylation of histone H2A. (PMID: 16702407) Bergink S … Dantuma NP (Genes & development 2006) 3 4 56
  4. Role of Bmi-1 and Ring1A in H2A ubiquitylation and Hox gene silencing. (PMID: 16359901) Cao R … Zhang Y (Molecular cell 2005) 3 4 56
  5. Deimination of histone H2A and H4 at arginine 3 in HL-60 granulocytes. (PMID: 15823041) Hagiwara T … Yamada M (Biochemistry 2005) 3 4 56

Products for H2AW Gene

Sources for H2AW Gene