Aliases for H2AC4 Gene
External Ids for H2AC4 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for H2AC4 Gene
Histones are basic nuclear proteins that are responsible for the nucleosome structure of the chromosomal fiber in eukaryotes. This structure consists of approximately 146 bp of DNA wrapped around a nucleosome, an octamer composed of pairs of each of the four core histones (H2A, H2B, H3, and H4). The chromatin fiber is further compacted through the interaction of a linker histone, H1, with the DNA between the nucleosomes to form higher order chromatin structures. This gene is intronless and encodes a replication-dependent histone that is a member of the histone H2A family. Transcripts from this gene lack polyA tails; instead, they contain a palindromic termination element. This gene is found in the large histone gene cluster on chromosome 6p22-p21.3. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2015]
GeneCards Summary for H2AC4 Gene
H2AC4 (H2A Clustered Histone 4) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with H2AC4 include Alpha-Thalassemia/Mental Retardation Syndrome, X-Linked and Alpha-Thalassemia. Among its related pathways are Cellular Senescence (REACTOME) and Activated PKN1 stimulates transcription of AR (androgen receptor) regulated genes KLK2 and KLK3. An important paralog of this gene is H2AC8.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for H2AC4 Gene
Core component of nucleosome. Nucleosomes wrap and compact DNA into chromatin, limiting DNA accessibility to the cellular machineries which require DNA as a template. Histones thereby play a central role in transcription regulation, DNA repair, DNA replication and chromosomal stability. DNA accessibility is regulated via a complex set of post-translational modifications of histones, also called histone code, and nucleosome remodeling.