Aliases for H2AC18 Gene
External Ids for H2AC18 Gene
Previous HGNC Symbols for H2AC18 Gene
Previous GeneCards Identifiers for H2AC18 Gene
Histones are basic nuclear proteins that are responsible for the nucleosome structure of the chromosomal fiber in eukaryotes. Two molecules of each of the four core histones (H2A, H2B, H3, and H4) form an octamer, around which approximately 146 bp of DNA is wrapped in repeating units, called nucleosomes. The linker histone, H1, interacts with linker DNA between nucleosomes and functions in the compaction of chromatin into higher order structures. This gene is intronless and encodes a replication-dependent histone that is a member of the histone H2A family. Transcripts from this gene lack polyA tails but instead contain a palindromic termination element. This gene is found in a histone cluster on chromosome 1. This gene is one of four histone genes in the cluster that are duplicated; this record represents the centromeric copy. [provided by RefSeq, Aug 2015]
GeneCards Summary for H2AC18 Gene
H2AC18 (H2A Clustered Histone 18) is a Protein Coding gene. Diseases associated with H2AC18 include Carbohydrate Metabolic Disorder and Riddle Syndrome. Among its related pathways are Cellular Senescence (REACTOME) and Activated PKN1 stimulates transcription of AR (androgen receptor) regulated genes KLK2 and KLK3. An important paralog of this gene is H2AC19.
UniProtKB/Swiss-Prot Summary for H2AC18 Gene
Core component of nucleosome. Nucleosomes wrap and compact DNA into chromatin, limiting DNA accessibility to the cellular machineries which require DNA as a template. Histones thereby play a central role in transcription regulation, DNA repair, DNA replication and chromosomal stability. DNA accessibility is regulated via a complex set of post-translational modifications of histones, also called histone code, and nucleosome remodeling.